Wilton Park | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

Culture and heritage

Heritage

Wilton Park

Item details

Name of item: Wilton Park
Type of item: Landscape
Group/Collection: Farming and Grazing
Category: Homestead Complex
Location: Lat: -34.2124192856 Long: 150.6410318000
Primary address: Wilton Park Road, Wilton, NSW 2571
Parish: Wilton
County: Camden
Local govt. area: Wollondilly
Local Aboriginal Land Council: Tharawal
Property description
Lot/Volume CodeLot/Volume NumberSection NumberPlan/Folio CodePlan/Folio Number
LOT8 DP243079
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
Wilton Park RoadWiltonWollondillyWiltonCamdenPrimary Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
 Private06 Apr 99

Statement of significance:

The Wilton Park stables group which remains much as it was when retailer Samuel Hordern established his thoroughbred horse stud there, has historic significance because it forms a record of a significant part of the activities of a man who was a successful leader in Australian stud stockbreeding as well as a wealthy and successful businessman. The stables were built at a time when the horse was at its peak in Australian agriculture and stockbreeding was a developing skill and these buildings are fine examples of the rural architecture which developed in response to the needs of the bloodstock industry.

The stables group also has aesthetic significance derived from the fact that the individual buildings relate well to each other and to their environment. Their siting on gently rising ground in a formal composition around a central quadrangle creates an impressive vista when seen from the original main eastern approach and from the Wilton Road. Individual buildings are themselves fine examples of rural architecture. In particular, the covered round yard is of rare architectural quality and an excellent example of highly skilled timber craftsmanship. (It may have been the model for the brick round yard at Retford Park, Bowral, another Hordern family property.) It also forms an interesting contrast, both visually and in form and materials, with the brick buildings of the group. Of historic, architectural and aesthetic value (LEP, 1991).

Sited on gently sloping ground in a formal composition around a central quadrangle, the buildings are fine examples of rural architecture from a time when stock breeding was an important and developing Industry (RNE, 1980).
Date significance updated: 27 Mar 12
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Designer/Maker: Albert Bond?
Construction years: 1892-
Physical description: Site:
The stables consist of a group of structures sited on gently rising ground in a formal composition around a central quadrangle. They form an impressive vista when seen from the original main eastern approach to the property (LEP, 2010).

Stables Group:
The stables group consists of stables, a building containing a coach-house and harness room, underground water tanks, stallion boxes, a covered yard and a quadrangle (The present house built in 1955 is not included)(LEP, 2010).

Central to the group is a grassed quadrangle, originally raked gravel. The buildings facing onto the quadrangle are fine examples of rural architecture from a time when stock breeding was an important and developing Industry (RNE, 1980).

Three buildings of the group enclose a QUADRANGLE which was originally of raked gravel (now grass).

Stables:
The STABLES building, which faces north and which contains 12 loose boxes, is long and narrow in plan, built of sandstock brick, with a gable roof finished with iron ventilators and decorative fretwork barge boards. Floors vary from perforated plank floors over brick urine drains, to brick paving. In the centre, a gabled opening gives access to paddocks and rolling hills beyond.

Coach House & Harness Room:
Another similar building, facing east, contains the COACH HOUSE and HARNESS ROOM with a fine original harness cupboard as well as the grooms' room and feed room.

Underground Water Tanks:
The north side of the quadrangle is formed by two UNDERGROUND WATER TANKS roofed with low hipped roofs and capped with iron ventilators. The original water tank and windmill have been removed.

Stallion Boxes:
Two detached STALLION BOXES, with details similar to the stables face away from the quadrangle.

Round Yard:
The COVERED ROUND YARD is constructed of posts set in the earth to form a ring about 30 feet in diameter, lined internally with two layers of boarding. Encircling the post tops is a continuous, circular laminated wall plate to form a 'parasol', perforated at its apex by an iron ventilator. The collar ties radiate like spokes of a wheel from a central hub and four suspension rods link the hub and the apex. The roof of mitred corrugated iron is fixed to concentric rings of roof battens (LEP, 2010).
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
The buildings are in good condition and were restored in sympathy with the original design in the late 1970s (LEP, 1991)
Date condition updated:28 Feb 18
Modifications and dates: The present house, buuilt in 1955, replaced the stud groom's house (LEP, 2010).
Current use: farm
Former use: Aboriginal land, farm, horse stud, residence

History

Historical notes: The stables group was built about 1892 for Samuel Hordern, grandson of the founder of the firm and the builder of the Palace Emporium, Brickfield Hill, Sydney. Although there is no definite evidence on hand, the architect for the stables group could have been Albert Bond, the Hordern family architect during the period 1876-1910.

Wilton Park became one of the leading horse breeding studs in Australia, contributing significantly to the quality of horses in the colony and producing many winners.

After Samuel's death in 1909, Wilton Park remained in the Hordern family, until sold in 1927 (LEP, 1991).

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
1. Environment-Tracing the evolution of a continent's special environments Environment - naturally evolved-Activities associated with the physical surroundings that support human life and influence or shape human cultures. Cultural: Plains and plateaux supporting human activities-
1. Environment-Tracing the evolution of a continent's special environments Environment - naturally evolved-Activities associated with the physical surroundings that support human life and influence or shape human cultures. Changing the environment-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Agriculture-Activities relating to the cultivation and rearing of plant and animal species, usually for commercial purposes, can include aquaculture Private farming-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Agriculture-Activities relating to the cultivation and rearing of plant and animal species, usually for commercial purposes, can include aquaculture Associations with the Royal Agricultural Society-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Agriculture-Activities relating to the cultivation and rearing of plant and animal species, usually for commercial purposes, can include aquaculture Ancillary structures - windmills-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Agriculture-Activities relating to the cultivation and rearing of plant and animal species, usually for commercial purposes, can include aquaculture Attempting to transplant European farming practices to Australian environments-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Agriculture-Activities relating to the cultivation and rearing of plant and animal species, usually for commercial purposes, can include aquaculture Clearing land for farming-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Agriculture-Activities relating to the cultivation and rearing of plant and animal species, usually for commercial purposes, can include aquaculture Ancillary structures - wells, cisterns-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Environment - cultural landscape-Activities associated with the interactions between humans, human societies and the shaping of their physical surroundings Significant Places: How are significant places marked in the landscape of Parramatta by, or for, different groups?-Monuments and Sites
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Environment - cultural landscape-Activities associated with the interactions between humans, human societies and the shaping of their physical surroundings Developing local, regional and national economies-National Theme 3
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Environment - cultural landscape-Activities associated with the interactions between humans, human societies and the shaping of their physical surroundings Landscapes used for self reliant recreation-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Environment - cultural landscape-Activities associated with the interactions between humans, human societies and the shaping of their physical surroundings Landscapes and countryside of rural charm-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Pastoralism-Activities associated with the breeding, raising, processing and distribution of livestock for human use Horse breeding and raising-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Pastoralism-Activities associated with the breeding, raising, processing and distribution of livestock for human use Modifying landscapes to increase productivity-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Pastoralism-Activities associated with the breeding, raising, processing and distribution of livestock for human use Pastoral and Agricultural Associations-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Pastoralism-Activities associated with the breeding, raising, processing and distribution of livestock for human use Agisting and fattening stock for slaughter-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Country Homes-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. gentlemen's residences-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Living on the land-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Pastoral Homestead-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Adapted heritage building or structure-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Farm homestead-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Architectural design-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Housing famous families-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Housing the prosperous - hill station summer retreats-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Accommodating workers in workers' housing-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Housing professional people-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Housing farming families-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Housing for farm and station hands-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Housing for industrial managers and owners-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Housing working animals-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Land tenure-Activities and processes for identifying forms of ownership and occupancy of land and water, both Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal Naming places (toponymy)-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Land tenure-Activities and processes for identifying forms of ownership and occupancy of land and water, both Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal Naming places (toponymy)-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Land tenure-Activities and processes for identifying forms of ownership and occupancy of land and water, both Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal Changing land uses - from rural to tourist-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Land tenure-Activities and processes for identifying forms of ownership and occupancy of land and water, both Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal Changing land uses - from rural to tourist-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Land tenure-Activities and processes for identifying forms of ownership and occupancy of land and water, both Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal Selecting land for pastoral or agricultural purposes-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Land tenure-Activities and processes for identifying forms of ownership and occupancy of land and water, both Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal Early farming (Cattle grazing)-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Rural orchards-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Creating landmark structures and places in regional settings-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Garden suburbs-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages A quiet Rural District-
5. Working-Working Labour-Activities associated with work practises and organised and unorganised labour Working independently on the land-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Creative endeavour-Activities associated with the production and performance of literary, artistic, architectural and other imaginative, interpretive or inventive works; and/or associated with the production and expression of cultural phenomena; and/or environments that have inspired such creative activities. Adaptation of overseas design for local use-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Creative endeavour-Activities associated with the production and performance of literary, artistic, architectural and other imaginative, interpretive or inventive works; and/or associated with the production and expression of cultural phenomena; and/or environments that have inspired such creative activities. Architectural styles and periods - Federation Queen Anne-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Leisure-Activities associated with recreation and relaxation Going to the racetrack-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Sport-Activities associated with organised recreational and health promotional activities Racing horses-
9. Phases of Life-Marking the phases of life Persons-Activities of, and associations with, identifiable individuals, families and communal groups Associations with Samuel Hordern III, retailer-
9. Phases of Life-Marking the phases of life Persons-Activities of, and associations with, identifiable individuals, families and communal groups Associations with Albert Bond, architect-

Recommended management:

Recommendations

Management CategoryDescriptionDate Updated
Recommended ManagementProduce a Conservation Management Plan (CMP) 
Recommended ManagementPrepare a maintenance schedule or guidelines 
Recommended ManagementCarry out interpretation, promotion and/or education 

Procedures /Exemptions

Section of actDescriptionTitleCommentsAction date
57(2)Exemption to allow workHeritage Act grazing,repairs,pasture improv.,etc


Order Under Section 57(2) to exempt the following activities from Section 57(1):
stock grazing, pasture improvements, noxious plant and animal eradication, repairs and maintenance of existing buildings, fences and structures not identified in the order, to the owners, mortgagees or lessees of the property known as "Wilton Park", Wilton Park Road, Maldon, and referred to in Permanent Conservation Order No. 257.
Feb 4 1983
57(2)Exemption to allow workStandard Exemptions SCHEDULE OF STANDARD EXEMPTIONS
HERITAGE ACT 1977
Notice of Order Under Section 57 (2) of the Heritage Act 1977

I, the Minister for Planning, pursuant to subsection 57(2) of the Heritage Act 1977, on the recommendation of the Heritage Council of New South Wales, do by this Order:

1. revoke the Schedule of Exemptions to subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act made under subsection 57(2) and published in the Government Gazette on 22 February 2008; and

2. grant standard exemptions from subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act 1977, described in the Schedule attached.

FRANK SARTOR
Minister for Planning
Sydney, 11 July 2008

To view the schedule click on the Standard Exemptions for Works Requiring Heritage Council Approval link below.
Sep 5 2008

PDF Standard exemptions for works requiring Heritage Council approval

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - State Heritage Register 0025702 Apr 99 271546
Heritage Act - Permanent Conservation Order - former 0025704 Feb 83 220662
Local Environmental PlanWollondilly LEP 2011 23 Feb 11   
National Trust of Australia register Wilton Park Stables Group4790   
Register of the National Estate 330521 Oct 80   

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Wollondilly Heritage Study1992W00190JRC Planning ServicesJocelyn Colleran Yes
Wollondilly Shire Council Heritage Study Review20062690190Andrea OehmAndrea Oehm Yes
Macarthur Region Heritage Study1985 Not Known  No

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenHoare, R., Reynolds, Peter .L., Roxburgh, Rachel Wilton Park, manuscript in National Trust of Australia (NSW) files

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

rez
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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Heritage Office
Database number: 5045546
File number: S90/06177 & HC 32088


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