Shop & Residence | NSW Environment & Heritage

Culture and heritage


Shop & Residence

Item details

Name of item: Shop & Residence
Other name/s: Hotel;
Type of item: Built
Location: Lat: -33.8574485903 Long: 151.2060305050
Primary address: 79 Lower Fort Street, Millers Point, NSW 2000
Parish: St Philip
County: Cumberland
Local govt. area: Sydney
Local Aboriginal Land Council: Metropolitan
Property description
Lot/Volume CodeLot/Volume NumberSection NumberPlan/Folio CodePlan/Folio Number
LOT60 DP1062077
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
79 Lower Fort StreetMillers PointSydneySt PhilipCumberlandPrimary Address


Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
NSW Land and Housing CorporationState Government21 Oct 98

Statement of significance:

This two storey early nineteenth century sandstone corner building was formerly a hotel, and is an important streetscape element.

It is part of the Millers Point Conservation Area, an intact residential and maritime precinct. It contains residential buildings and civic spaces dating from the 1830's and is an important example of C19th adaptation of the landscape.
Date significance updated: 23 Nov 00
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.


Construction years: 1842-1842
Physical description: Sandstone two storey corner building with attic. Retains some of its original Georgian features, however there is evidence of many changes to window and door locations and sizes. Storeys: 2 Construction: Stone walls, slate roof, painted timber joinery Style: Georgian

Two-storey early Victorian Regency sandstone corner building with attic and basement (cellar), built as an inn, 'The Young Princess' (licensed 1842-1846), later (1847) renamed the "Whalers Arms" and later still, converted to a corner shop in the 1850s.
Constructed of sandstone with slate roof, replacing original shingle roof.
Evidence of some original joinery to ground floor window, east faade.
Evidence of original balcony to first floor.
Corner window was originally a doorway.
Evidence of original signage 'The Whalers Arms' emerging from below peeling paintwork to the cornice.
Evidence of early advertising signs painted on exterior stone walls.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
External: Fair
Modifications and dates: External: Verandah removed. Window infilled. Stone painted. Dormer altered. -
Further information: Other structures shown on parts of the site in 1834 and 1865 surveys
Current use: Shop
Former use: Hotel


Historical notes: Millers Point is one of the earliest areas of European settlement in Australia, and a focus for maritime activities.

Built c. early 1840s for William Hutchinson and by November 1842 licensed as ‘The Young Princess’ hotel,
operating under this name until 1846. Described as ‘new with basement and kitchen’ in 1845 when the
occupant was Edward Hancock. In 1848 the premises were owned by Hutchinson’s son-in-law John Rose
Holden (Hutchinson had died in 1846) and occupied by Jonathan Brown. The name of the hotel was
changed to the Whalers’ Arms in 1847. In the 1850s the hotel was used for a short period as a shop,
reverted to use as an hotel in the 1860s and then became a shop once more, a usage that continued until
at least the mid-20th century.

When resumed in 1900 the premises were still part of the estate of William Hutchinson, the original

First tenanted by Department of Housing in 1986.

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
A purpose-built corner public house, one of the many hotels that were so much a part of life at Millers Point in the early 19th century, particularly along Windmill Street. One of the few surviving buildings used as a shop, with a long history of usage
Built for William Hutchinson, emancipist, principal superintendent of convicts, land owner, pastoralist and businessman
An important community amenity. Having the potential to contribute to an understanding of several phases of the development of Miller's Point
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
Fine example of a simple Georgian colonial inn building sited opposite the Hero of Waterloo. Rare surviving example of an early Georgian colonial inn and corner shop. Most important corner element, related to the Hero of Waterloo hotel opposite at the key intersection of Windmill and Lower Fort Streets.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Procedures /Exemptions

Section of actDescriptionTitleCommentsAction date
57(2)Exemption to allow workStandard Exemptions SCHEDULE OF STANDARD EXEMPTIONS
Notice of Order Under Section 57 (2) of the Heritage Act 1977

I, the Minister for Planning, pursuant to subsection 57(2) of the Heritage Act 1977, on the recommendation of the Heritage Council of New South Wales, do by this Order:

1. revoke the Schedule of Exemptions to subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act made under subsection 57(2) and published in the Government Gazette on 22 February 2008; and

2. grant standard exemptions from subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act 1977, described in the Schedule attached.

Minister for Planning
Sydney, 11 July 2008

To view the schedule click on the Standard Exemptions for Works Requiring Heritage Council Approval link below.
Sep 5 2008

PDF Standard exemptions for works requiring Heritage Council approval


Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - State Heritage Register 0089302 Apr 99 271546
Heritage Act - s.170 NSW State agency heritage register     
Local Environmental PlanCSH LEP 4 07 Apr 00   
Register of the National Estate  21 Oct 80   

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Department of Housing s170 Register1998 Brooks & Associates  Yes

References, internet links & images


Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Heritage Office
Database number: 5045628

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