Rous Lench | NSW Environment & Heritage

Culture and heritage

Heritage

Rous Lench

Item details

Name of item: Rous Lench
Type of item: Landscape
Group/Collection: Farming and Grazing
Category: Homestead Complex
Location: Lat: -32.2978710584 Long: 150.8436488930
Primary address: Denman Road, Edinglassie, NSW 2333
Parish: Brougham
County: Durham
Local govt. area: Muswellbrook
Local Aboriginal Land Council: Wanaruah
Property description
Lot/Volume CodeLot/Volume NumberSection NumberPlan/Folio CodePlan/Folio Number
LOT142 DP533001
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
Denman RoadEdinglassieMuswellbrookBroughamDurhamPrimary Address

Statement of significance:

Primary Significance:
The Edinglassie property including the Edinglassie homestead, associated buildings and Rous Lench cottage are closely associated with the earliest European occupation of the area and collectively represent one of the earliest land grants of the initial settlement of the Hunter Valley;

The Edinglassie property demonstrates various phases of human activities such as settlement and clearing, water supply and management, sheep and cattle running, development of specialist cattle breeding activities, recreation, viticulture and horse breeding;

The Edinglassie homestead with its associated outbuildings and Rous Lench cottage are good architectural examples of their type and style;

The Edinglassie property demonstrates an excellent application of the Arcadian design approach to the siting of structures and elements in the landscape which is rare in the region;

Secondary significance:
The place is also significant because:
It is associated with George Forbes, the original grantee, who was one of the 'gentry' settlers in the early settlement of the area;

It is associated with a prominent family, the Whites, a leading pastoral dynasty, who were synonymous with the opening and development of the region;

It illustrates the degree of opulence achieved and lifestyles led by the leading pastoral families in the area;

It is associated with a significant Australian architect, John Horbury Hunt;

It is a well known landmark, and has provided a community focus over a number of generations form the turn of the 19th century;

It has extant and potential intact archaeological evidence capable of helping interpret past occupation and lifestyles of the area (Tropman & Tropman Architects, 1993, 149).

The siting of the homestead is intrinsic to its significance.
Date significance updated: 31 Jul 07
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Construction years: 1875-1895
Physical description: The homestead is a low cottage constructed of rendered brick and corrugated iron featuring a roof ridge extended to form small gables, four panel doors, large four-pane sash windows, panelled ceilings, and gunstock stiles on French windows at the side. A photograph dating from the 1880s showing the first part of Edinglassie adjacent to an earlier hipped roof house indicates that the original house was demolished and/or rebuilt when the present Edinglassie was completed in c1895. It is therefore not likely that Rous Lench is the original homestead.

Architectural Style: Italianate.

Building Material: Sandstone, iron roof
Modifications and dates: The original house was demolished and/or rebuilt when the present Edinglassie was completed in c1895. It is therefore not likely that Rous Lench is the original homestead.
Former use: agriculture

History

Historical notes: The land on which both Edinglassie and Rous Lench are located was the original Portion 4 of the Parish of Brougham in the County of Durham. This comprised an area of 1280 acres the deed of grant for which was issued to George Forbes on 1 August 1839. Like many grants of the period the land had been occupied for many years before it was officially surveyed and the deed grant issued.

The homestead is a low cottage constructed of rendered brick and corrugated iron featuring a roof ridge extended to form small gables, four panel doors, large four-pane sash windows, panelled ceilings, and gunstock stiles on French windows at the side. A photograph dating from the 1880s showing the first part of Edinglassie adjacent to an earlier hipped roof house indicates that the original house was demolished and/or rebuilt when the present Edinglassie was completed in c1895. It is therefore not likely that Rous Lench is the original homestead.

Architectural Style: Italianate.

Building Material: Sandstone, iron roof

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Agriculture-Activities relating to the cultivation and rearing of plant and animal species, usually for commercial purposes, can include aquaculture Clearing land for farming-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Agriculture-Activities relating to the cultivation and rearing of plant and animal species, usually for commercial purposes, can include aquaculture Ancillary structures - wells, cisterns-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Housing farming families-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Land tenure-Activities and processes for identifying forms of ownership and occupancy of land and water, both Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal Granting Crown lands for private farming-

Procedures /Exemptions

Section of actDescriptionTitleCommentsAction date
57(2)Exemption to allow workStandard Exemptions SCHEDULE OF STANDARD EXEMPTIONS
HERITAGE ACT 1977
Notice of Order Under Section 57 (2) of the Heritage Act 1977

I, the Minister for Planning, pursuant to subsection 57(2) of the Heritage Act 1977, on the recommendation of the Heritage Council of New South Wales, do by this Order:

1. revoke the Schedule of Exemptions to subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act made under subsection 57(2) and published in the Government Gazette on 22 February 2008; and

2. grant standard exemptions from subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act 1977, described in the Schedule attached.

FRANK SARTOR
Minister for Planning
Sydney, 11 July 2008

To view the schedule click on the Standard Exemptions for Works Requiring Heritage Council Approval link below.
Sep 5 2008

PDF Standard exemptions for works requiring Heritage Council approval

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - State Heritage Register 0021102 Apr 99 271546
Heritage Act - Permanent Conservation Order - former 0021126 Aug 83 1203980
Regional Environmental PlanHunter REP 1989 03 Nov 89   
National Trust of Australia register Edinglassie Including gardens, curtilage and adjoi403323 Jun 80   

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenHansen Bailey2007Bengalla Mining Company European Heritage Management Plan
WrittenHeritas (Linda Babic); Mayne-Wilson & Associates2013Rous Lench Conservation Management Plan
WrittenTropman & Tropman Architects1993Edinglassie & Rous Lench - preliminary Conservation Management Plan

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

rez
(Click on thumbnail for full size image and image details)

Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Heritage Office
Database number: 5045629
File number: S90/05440 & HC 32806


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