Terrace | NSW Environment & Heritage

Culture and heritage



Item details

Name of item: Terrace
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: Terrace
Location: Lat: -33.8568103370 Long: 151.2067085490
Primary address: 47, 49, 51, 53 Lower Fort Street, Millers Point, NSW 2000
Parish: St Philip
County: Cumberland
Local govt. area: Sydney
Local Aboriginal Land Council: Metropolitan
Property description
Lot/Volume CodeLot/Volume NumberSection NumberPlan/Folio CodePlan/Folio Number
LOT104 DP1143231
LOT3 DP1155113
LOT1 DP1155133
LOT2 DP1155133
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
47, 49, 51, 53 Lower Fort StreetMillers PointSydneySt PhilipCumberlandPrimary Address


Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
 Private13 Aug 18
49 Lower Fort Street Pty LtdPrivate13 Aug 18
BRN Holdings Pty LtdPrivate 

Statement of significance:

This is a group of three storey Victorian Italianate terraces, representing a quality streetscape element. It is part of the Millers Point Conservation Area, an intact residential and maritime precinct. It contains residential buildings and civic spaces dating from the 1830's and is an important example of C19th adaptation of the landscape.

Number 51 Lower Fort Street is an important part of the Millers Point Conservation Area and Millers Point and Dawes Point Village Precinct which have been identified as having State heritage significance. The subject site provides important evidence of the complex historical layering of the Millers Point and Dawes Point area, illustrating the nineteenth-century pattern of settlement traceable to maritime and commercial activities, the redevelopment of the area by the Sydney Harbour Trust (SHT) after the outbreak of the bubonic plague in 1900, and the subsequent long-term use of large residences for multi-tenant boarding houses. It is also an example of late nineteenth century speculative terrace development which retains important evidence of its original 1885 layout, fabric and detailing as well as its twentieth century use for multi-tenant residential accommodation. Number 51 Lower Fort Street and the Palermo Terrace of which it is part are substantial representative examples of the Late Victorian Italianate architectural style and period, sharing many features with other terrace houses built during this era throughout Sydney. The aesthetic significance of the Terrace, and number 51 in particular, is notably enhanced by the extent to which the subject property retains so much of its original/early character, fabric and detailing, both externally and internally. The property's aesthetic and landmark significance is also enhanced by its unique relationship to its Millers Point setting through its architectural character and elevated siting. Palermo Terrace, of which 51 Lower Fort Street is a part, is an important residential streetscape/townscape element of the precinct and has social significance within the context of the Millers Point and the Millers Point and Dawes Point Village Precinct arising from its 112-year use as a boarding house and its contribution to workers and community housing in the area. The subject property has research potential for above-ground archaeological remains related to the structure of the terrace building but little for below-ground archaeological remains related to earlier site occupation, due to previous excavation and disturbance. It also provides a number of architectural research opportunities for investigation of original features (such as interior decoration, use of materials and construction techniques) that have been removed from similar residences of this style and period. The subject property has been assessed as having State level heritage significance as part of the Palermo Terrace and is located within heritage conservation areas of State level heritage significance.
Date significance updated: 30 Apr 18
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.


Physical description: Three storey, six bedroom Victorian Italianate terrace house with iron lace balustrading and friezes and brackets. Top floor has two double hung sash windows and incised motifs, middle floor has two french doors opening onto balcony, and ground floor has two sash windows and front door with fanlight above. Steps to basement lead from front porch. Storeys: 3 Construction: Painted rendered masonry. Corrugated galvanised iron roofing. Timber with iron lace balcony, cast iron central column. Style: Victorian Italianate
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
External: Good
Modifications and dates: External: Timber handrail added. Fenestration altered.
Current use: Residence
Former use: Residence


Historical notes: Millers Point is one of the earliest areas of European settlement in Australia, and a focus for maritime activities. This building is one of a group of late nineteenth century terraces. First tenanted by Department of Housing in 1992.

Procedures /Exemptions

Section of actDescriptionTitleCommentsAction date
57(2)Exemption to allow workStandard Exemptions SCHEDULE OF STANDARD EXEMPTIONS
Notice of Order Under Section 57 (2) of the Heritage Act 1977

I, the Minister for Planning, pursuant to subsection 57(2) of the Heritage Act 1977, on the recommendation of the Heritage Council of New South Wales, do by this Order:

1. revoke the Schedule of Exemptions to subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act made under subsection 57(2) and published in the Government Gazette on 22 February 2008; and

2. grant standard exemptions from subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act 1977, described in the Schedule attached.

Minister for Planning
Sydney, 11 July 2008

To view the schedule click on the Standard Exemptions for Works Requiring Heritage Council Approval link below.
Sep 5 2008
21(1)(b)Conservation Plan submitted for endorsement51 Lower Fort Street, Millers Point Feb 12 2016
21(1)(b)Conservation Plan submitted for endorsement47 Lower Fort Street CMP May 3 2016

PDF Standard exemptions for works requiring Heritage Council approval


Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - State Heritage Register 0090602 Apr 99 271546
Heritage Act - s.170 NSW State agency heritage register     
Local Environmental PlanCSH LEP 4 07 Apr 00   

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Department of Housing s170 Register1998 Brooks & Associates  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenGML Heritage201651 Lower Fort Street, Millers Point - Conservation Management Plan
WrittenGML Heritage201647 Lower Fort Street, Millers Point - Conservation Management Plan

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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(Click on thumbnail for full size image and image details)

Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Heritage Office
Database number: 5045649

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