Terrace | NSW Environment & Heritage

Culture and heritage

Heritage

Terrace

Item details

Name of item: Terrace
Other name/s: Nicholson’s Houses
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: Terrace
Location: Lat: -33.8559088565 Long: 151.2075952030
Primary address: 21, 23 Lower Fort Street, Millers Point, NSW 2000
Parish: St Philip
County: Cumberland
Local govt. area: Sydney
Local Aboriginal Land Council: Metropolitan
Property description
Lot/Volume CodeLot/Volume NumberSection NumberPlan/Folio CodePlan/Folio Number
LOT80 DP832148
LOT81 DP832148
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
21, 23 Lower Fort StreetMillers PointSydneySt PhilipCumberlandPrimary Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
Department of HousingState Government21 Oct 98

Statement of significance:

This building dates from approximately 1840, although possibly earlier.

It is part of the Millers Point Conservation Area, an intact residential and maritime precinct. It contains residential buildings and civic spaces dating from the 1830's and is an important example of C19th adaptation of the landscape.
Date significance updated: 23 Nov 00
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Construction years: 1832-
Physical description: The property is a five bedroom, two story Georgian terrace with basement, facing Lower Fort Street.
Slate pediment roof. Exterior joinery, especially front doors is noteworthy.
The first floor verandah has mid-nineteenth century cast iron pilasters and balcony panels, with later timber infill.
This is supported by wooden columns at the ground floor which stylistically date from an earlier period.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
External: Good
Modifications and dates: External: Post 1930 brick addition to rear, balcony infilled, stable removed, intrusive plumbing on end walls.
Current use: Residence
Former use: Residence

History

Historical notes: Millers Point is one of the earliest areas of European settlement in Australia, and a focus for maritime activities.

Millers Point took its name in the early days of the colony from 'Jack the Miller', who built his windmills there, while Lieut.Dawes established his observatory on the point. This precinct, positioned between Barangaroo, Observatory Hill and the Sydney Harbour Bridge, contains a variety of architectural styles from early Georgian houses and tiny workmen's cottages, to the grander 19th century Victorian terraces. With much of the area given over to public housing in the 20th century, recent changes in ownership are again breathing life into these early buildings, although the need to ensure any renovation is done sensitively remains imperative (NTA, 2016, 18).

21 Lower Fort Street:
Built in 1832 for John Nicholson, first Harbour Master, on a land grant he received from Governor Macquarie, this house is in the style of a late Georgian town home. With the help of architect William Smart, the owners have saved as much as possible of the (original) fabric and existing decorative elements, while making judicious alterations where necessary for modern living (NTA (NSW), 2016, 19).

Exterior changes include verandah infill addition, brick addition to the rear of dwelling built after 1930. Also at rear boundary originally stood a two story stable block. First tenanted by Department of Housing in 1984.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Land tenure-Activities and processes for identifying forms of ownership and occupancy of land and water, both Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal Early land grants-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Living in the City-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages 19th century suburban developments-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Developing suburbia-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Developing ports-

Procedures /Exemptions

Section of actDescriptionTitleCommentsAction date
57(2)Exemption to allow workStandard Exemptions SCHEDULE OF STANDARD EXEMPTIONS
HERITAGE ACT 1977
Notice of Order Under Section 57 (2) of the Heritage Act 1977

I, the Minister for Planning, pursuant to subsection 57(2) of the Heritage Act 1977, on the recommendation of the Heritage Council of New South Wales, do by this Order:

1. revoke the Schedule of Exemptions to subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act made under subsection 57(2) and published in the Government Gazette on 22 February 2008; and

2. grant standard exemptions from subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act 1977, described in the Schedule attached.

FRANK SARTOR
Minister for Planning
Sydney, 11 July 2008

To view the schedule click on the Standard Exemptions for Works Requiring Heritage Council Approval link below.
Sep 5 2008
21(1)(b)Conservation Plan submitted for endorsementNo. 23 Lower Fort Street. CMP submitted by Land & Housing Corporation for review and endorsement. Jul 10 2014
21(1)(b)Conservation Plan submitted for endorsementCopies of amended CMP submitted by Land & Housing Corporation for endorsement.(Rev B dated 9/7/2014)) Jul 10 2014

PDF Standard exemptions for works requiring Heritage Council approval

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - State Heritage Register 0088302 Apr 99 271546
Heritage Act - s.170 NSW State agency heritage register     
Local Environmental PlanCSH LEP 4 07 Apr 00   
Register of the National Estate  21 Oct 80   

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Department of Housing s170 Register1998 Brooks & Associates  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenNational Trust of Australia (NSW)2016'The Harbour Master's House, 21 Lower Fort Street, Millers Point'
WrittenOrwell & Peter Phillips Heritage Conservation Architecture2014Conservation Management Plan - 21-23 Lower Fort Street, Millers Point - with preface for no.23 Lower Fort Street

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Heritage Office
Database number: 5045667


Every effort has been made to ensure that information contained in the State Heritage Inventory is correct. If you find any errors or omissions please send your comments to the Database Manager.

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