Milton Terrace | NSW Environment & Heritage

Culture and heritage

Heritage

Milton Terrace

Item details

Name of item: Milton Terrace
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: Terrace
Location: Lat: -33.8556075144 Long: 151.2078107420
Primary address: 1-19 Lower Fort Street, Millers Point, NSW 2000
Parish: St Philip
County: Cumberland
Local govt. area: Sydney
Local Aboriginal Land Council: Metropolitan
Property description
Lot/Volume CodeLot/Volume NumberSection NumberPlan/Folio CodePlan/Folio Number
LOT82 DP832148
LOT83 DP832148
LOT84 DP832148
LOT85 DP832148
LOT86 DP832148
LOT87 DP832148
LOT88 DP832148
LOT89 DP832148
LOT90 DP832148
LOT91 DP832148
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
1-19 Lower Fort StreetMillers PointSydneySt PhilipCumberlandPrimary Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
 Private 
 Private 
 Private 
 Private 
 Private 
 Private 
Somerset Consulting Pty LtdPrivate 

Statement of significance:

This group of terraces is historically significant as:

- a significant example of continuing private investment in fine residential property in Lower Fort Street during the later 19th century and the largest such investment of the period;
- its site and buildings were associated from the early 1820s with the firm of William Walker & Co., merchants, the family and business connection continuing with later investment by Walker's son-in-law Donald Lanarch, a noted banker and businessman;
- its site of buildings and residences was associated with some of the earliest wharfage (early 1820s) at Millers Point and with merchants important in the development of commercial life in Sydney and beyond. It is also associated with Captain John Nicholson, harbour master;
- some of the houses were used from the 1890s as boarding houses and have been in use for over a century by the local community;
- it has the potential to contribute to an understanding of several phases of the development of Millers Point.

It is of aesthetic significance as:
- a very fine example of late Victorian boom style terraces on a site with landmark qualities;
- as a rare surviving example of a very grand scale terrace in the "Greek" style.

The group is of aesthetic value as a streetscape element, being an outstanding and largely intact group facing Dawes Park with spectacular harbour views to the east. With a slight change in orientation from the terraces further up the street, Milton Terrace creates a strong and handsome termination to the extraordinary collection of 19th century housing forms that make up the western side of Lower Fort Street (DPWS, 2002).

Milton Terrace at 1-19 Lower Fort St represents possibly the finest extant row of 1880s terraces in Sydney.

It is part of the Millers Point Conservation Area, an intact residential and maritime precinct. It contains residential buildings and civic spaces dating from the 1830s and is an important example of C19th adaptation of the landscape (Tanner, 1986).
Date significance updated: 12 Jan 04
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Construction years: 1880-1882
Physical description: Grand three storey, five bedroom, Victorian Italianate terrace with basement - one of ten in a row. Decorative facade with large incised motifs and iron lace.

Verandah infill on second storey, deep projecting parapet, and spear fence enclosing small front garden.

Each allotment contains a four-storey residence (including basement) with front (to the east) and rear (to the west) gardens (Clive Lucas Stapleton & Partners, 2014, 1, 37). Each terrace is accessed via an entry walkway leading from the Lower Fort Street (footpath) across the front area and front gardens (ibid, 37). Each had two pedestrian gates, located along the front boundary and within the front gardens - these are original and should be maintained or (when missing or damaged) reconstructed/replaced (ibid, 121). Each terrace houe is fenced separately with iron balustrade fencing tot he front gardens and timber paling fencing to the rear gardens (ibid, 37). A c.1900 photograph shows the garden setting (front) to the individual houses. By this date, many functioned as boarding houes and yet signs of middle class gentility remain (ibid, 18). Also to the rear of a number of the allotments are located outbuildings and sheds of varying construction dates, typically used as additional storage space and laundry facilities. Some substantial trees exist within the rear gardens of the terraces, most notably in the ear of no's 1, 17 & 19 Lower Fort Street. The front gardens consist of a mix of tree and shrub plantings with little consistency in form or species selection between the individual terraces (ibid, 37).

Storeys: 3
Construction: Painted rendered masonry, corrugated galvanised iron roof. Timber and cast iron balcony. Spear fence cast iron.
Style: Victorian Italianate
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
External: Good
Modifications and dates: External: Verandah infill. Joinery renewed, damaged detailing.
Current use: Residence
Former use: Residence

History

Historical notes: Millers Point is one of the earliest areas of European settlement in Australia, and a focus for maritime activities.This building is one of a group of ten very grand three storey Victorian terraces built during the 1880s. First tenanted by Department of Housing in 1984.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Commerce-Activities relating to buying, selling and exchanging goods and services Trading amongst the Australian colonies-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Commerce-Activities relating to buying, selling and exchanging goods and services Trading between Australia and other countries-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Transport-Activities associated with the moving of people and goods from one place to another, and systems for the provision of such movements Building and maintaining jetties, wharves and docks-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Housing ship owners and maritime traders-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Housing industrial workers-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Housing townsfolk - terraces and cottages-
5. Working-Working Labour-Activities associated with work practises and organised and unorganised labour Working on the waterfront-

Recommended management:

Prepare individual CMPs for each house; restore verandahs to front, removing infill and repair/replace damaged or missing cast iron elements; consider restoration of interior decoration to the most intact of the group.

Recommendations

Management CategoryDescriptionDate Updated
Recommended ManagementReview a Conservation Management Plan (CMP) 
Recommended ManagementPrepare a maintenance schedule or guidelines 
Recommended ManagementCarry out interpretation, promotion and/or education 

Procedures /Exemptions

Section of actDescriptionTitleCommentsAction date
57(2)Exemption to allow workStandard Exemptions SCHEDULE OF STANDARD EXEMPTIONS
HERITAGE ACT 1977
Notice of Order Under Section 57 (2) of the Heritage Act 1977

I, the Minister for Planning, pursuant to subsection 57(2) of the Heritage Act 1977, on the recommendation of the Heritage Council of New South Wales, do by this Order:

1. revoke the Schedule of Exemptions to subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act made under subsection 57(2) and published in the Government Gazette on 22 February 2008; and

2. grant standard exemptions from subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act 1977, described in the Schedule attached.

FRANK SARTOR
Minister for Planning
Sydney, 11 July 2008

To view the schedule click on the Standard Exemptions for Works Requiring Heritage Council Approval link below.
Sep 5 2008
21(1)(b)Conservation Plan submitted for endorsementRevised CMP with FAQs for 11 Lower Fort Street submitted by for endorsement Jul 15 2014
21(1)(b)Conservation Plan submitted for endorsementPreface for No. 7 Lower Fort Street - Millers Point Oct 23 2015
21(1)(b)Conservation Plan submitted for endorsementPreface for No. 9 Lower Fort Street, Millers Point Oct 23 2015
21(1)(b)Conservation Plan submitted for endorsementPreface for 13 Lower Fort Street, Millers Point Oct 23 2015
21(1)(b)Conservation Plan submitted for endorsementPreface for No. 15 Lower Fort Street, Millers Point Oct 23 2015
21(1)(b)Conservation Plan submitted for endorsementPreface for No. 19 Lower Fort Street, Millers Point Oct 23 2015
21(1)(b)Conservation Plan submitted for endorsementPreface for No. 17 Lower Fort Street, Millers Point Oct 23 2015
21(1)(b)Conservation Plan submitted for endorsementPreface No. 5 Lower Fort Street - Millers Point Nov 23 2015

PDF Standard exemptions for works requiring Heritage Council approval

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - State Heritage Register 0088502 Apr 99 271546
Heritage Act - s.170 NSW State agency heritage register     
Local Environmental PlanCSH LEP 4 07 Apr 00   
Register of the National Estate  21 Oct 80   

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Department of Housing s170 Register1998 Brooks & Associates  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenHeritage Design Services, Department of Public Works & Services (DPWS)2002Conservation Management Guidelines: NSW Dpt. Of Housing properties, Millers Point
WrittenHigginbotham, E.1991The Rocks & Millers Point Archaeological Management Plan
WrittenHoward Tanner & Associates1986Millers Point Conservation Study
WrittenLucas, Stapleton and Partners Pty20151-19 Lower Fort Street, Millers Point - Conservation Management Plans - with Frequently Asked questions for 5, 7, 9, 13, 15, 17 & 19 LFS

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Heritage Office
Database number: 5045672


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