Ness Property | NSW Environment & Heritage

Culture and heritage

Heritage

Ness Property

Item details

Name of item: Ness Property
Other name/s: Ness Landscape
Type of item: Landscape
Group/Collection: Landscape - Cultural
Category: Other - Landscape - Cultural
Location: Lat: -36.6150911719 Long: 150.0242737580
Primary address: Reserve Road, Wapengo, NSW 2550
Parish: Wapengo
County: Dampier
Local govt. area: Bega Valley
Local Aboriginal Land Council: Bega
Property description
Lot/Volume CodeLot/Volume NumberSection NumberPlan/Folio CodePlan/Folio Number
LOT2 DP536123
LOT17 DP752165
LOT18 DP752165
LOT19 DP752165
LOT51 DP752165
LOT52 DP752165
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
Reserve RoadWapengoBega ValleyWapengoDampierPrimary Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
 Private29 Mar 99

Statement of significance:

Ness property is considered to have aesthetic, natural and Aboriginal significance as an item of the State's environmental heritage. Ness Property is associated with Manning Clark a principal Australian historian. Its nomination by Manning Clark represents his foresight and concern for preserving the values of the State’s environmental heritage for his family and for all Australians. (Heritage Office files)
Date significance updated: 03 Oct 00
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Physical description: The property Ness at Lake Wapengo , located between Bermagui and Tathra on the NSW South Coast, is an area of 160 hectares (396 acres) with major frontage to the South Pacific Ocean, Bithry Inlet, Lake Wapengo and the northern section of Mimosa Rocks National Park. The area has spectacular coastal exposures of folded Wagonga Beds of Palaeozoic rocks. Rocky headlands, secluded coves, beaches and the tranquil waters of Lake Wapengo, with its mangroves and highly regarded oyster beds, give the area special quality.

The coastal strip retains its natural vegetation cover but some part of the property has been cleared for grazing.

Aboriginal sites have been recorded on the property.

European occupation of the property has not resulted in any buildings of historical significance although two structures of recent date relate to occupation of the site by alternative lifestyle 'hippies' and include an interesting stone house with a large circular window. (Heritage Office files)

History

Historical notes: Archaeological evidence and oral accounts indicate that this area was used by local Aboriginal people.

Oral tradition has it that clearing of part of the property was carried out in the 1880s by Chinese from the alluvial gold fields. The contours of possible Chinese garden plots are faintly discernible on the property.

European occupation of the property has not resulted in any buildings of historical significance although two structures of recent date relate to occupation of the site by alternative lifestyle 'hippies' and include an interesting stone house with a large circular window.

In 1985 the owners of Ness Property, Professor Manning Clark and his wife, Dymphna, wishing to protect the area heritage and scenic values nominated the property for a Permanent Conservation Order. On 29 September 1987 a Permanent Conservation order was placed over the property.

On 2 April 1999 Ness Property was transferred to the State Heritage Register.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
1. Environment-Tracing the evolution of a continent's special environments Environment - naturally evolved-Activities associated with the physical surroundings that support human life and influence or shape human cultures. Cultural - Coasts and coastal features supporting human activities-
2. Peopling-Peopling the continent Aboriginal cultures and interactions with other cultures-Activities associated with maintaining, developing, experiencing and remembering Aboriginal cultural identities and practices, past and present. Aboriginal Culture-
2. Peopling-Peopling the continent Ethnic influences-Activities associated with common cultural traditions and peoples of shared descent, and with exchanges between such traditions and peoples. Chinese agricultural practises-
2. Peopling-Peopling the continent Ethnic influences-Activities associated with common cultural traditions and peoples of shared descent, and with exchanges between such traditions and peoples. Chinese agricultural practises-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Agriculture-Activities relating to the cultivation and rearing of plant and animal species, usually for commercial purposes, can include aquaculture Clearing land for farming-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Environment - cultural landscape-Activities associated with the interactions between humans, human societies and the shaping of their physical surroundings (none)-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Environment - cultural landscape-Activities associated with the interactions between humans, human societies and the shaping of their physical surroundings Landscapes of cultural and natural interaction-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Environment - cultural landscape-Activities associated with the interactions between humans, human societies and the shaping of their physical surroundings Landscapes and countryside of rural charm-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Land tenure-Activities and processes for identifying forms of ownership and occupancy of land and water, both Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal Chinese market gardens-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
Ness property is considered to have aesthetic, natural and Aboriginal significance as an item of the State's environmental heritage. Ness Property is associated with Manning Clark a principal Australian historian. Its nomination by Manning Clark represents his foresight and concern for preserving the values of the State's environmental heritage for his family and for all Australians. (Heritage Office files)
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Procedures /Exemptions

Section of actDescriptionTitleCommentsAction date
57(2)Exemption to allow workHeritage Act See File For Schedule


Order Under Section 57(2) to exempt the following activities from Section 57(1):
(1) The maintenance of any building or item on the site where maintenance means the continuous protective care of existing material; and
(2) Repair and maintenance of existing fences, gates, stockyards, dams, water reticulation facilities;
(3) Repair and maintenance of existing roads, drainage works and bridges;
Oct 9 1987
57(2)Exemption to allow workStandard Exemptions SCHEDULE OF STANDARD EXEMPTIONS
HERITAGE ACT 1977
Notice of Order Under Section 57 (2) of the Heritage Act 1977

I, the Minister for Planning, pursuant to subsection 57(2) of the Heritage Act 1977, on the recommendation of the Heritage Council of New South Wales, do by this Order:

1. revoke the Schedule of Exemptions to subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act made under subsection 57(2) and published in the Government Gazette on 22 February 2008; and

2. grant standard exemptions from subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act 1977, described in the Schedule attached.

FRANK SARTOR
Minister for Planning
Sydney, 11 July 2008

To view the schedule click on the Standard Exemptions for Works Requiring Heritage Council Approval link below.
Sep 5 2008

PDF Standard exemptions for works requiring Heritage Council approval

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - State Heritage Register 0051902 Apr 99 271546
Heritage Act - Permanent Conservation Order - former 0051909 Oct 87 1595765

References, internet links & images

None

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Heritage Office
Database number: 5045716
File number: EF14/4393; S90/3393; HC33460


Every effort has been made to ensure that information contained in the State Heritage Inventory is correct. If you find any errors or omissions please send your comments to the Database Manager.

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