Crankies Plain Bridge | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

Culture and heritage


Crankies Plain Bridge

Item details

Name of item: Crankies Plain Bridge
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Transport - Land
Category: Road Bridge
Location: Lat: -36.8982339633 Long: 149.2691717660
Primary address: Main Road 91, Bombala, NSW 2632
Local govt. area: Bombala
Local Aboriginal Land Council: Eden
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
Main Road 91BombalaBombala  Primary Address
Cathcart RoadBombalaBombala  Alternate Address


Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
Roads and Maritime ServicesState Government 

Statement of significance:

This bridge is a McDonald timber truss road bridge. Timber truss road bridges were extensively used in New South Wales because of the high quality of local hardwoods and the shortage of steel during the early decades of settlement of the state. The timber truss was highly developed for bridges in New South Wales, perhaps more so than anywhere else in the world at that time. The McDonald truss is a significant evolutionary link in the development of timber road bridges in New South Wales and has three standard span lengths, 65'/19.96m, 75'/22.86m and 90'27.43m . At March 1998 there were seven McDonald truss road bridges remaining in New South Wales, this bridge being a representative example. The bridge has been assessed as having State Significance.
Date significance updated: 13 Sep 05
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.


Designer/Maker: John McDonald
Builder/Maker: NSW Public Works
Construction years: 1892-1892
Physical description: The bridge consists of two 75' (22.86m) truss spans flanked by by two timber girder spans at each end (one 35; (10.67m) and one 30' (9.14m) span at each end). All are supported by timber piers with piles driven into rock. The bridge width is 4.57m (15') between kerbs at its narrowest.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Generally fair to good condition with maintainence by the RTA as it is a functioning road bridge.
Date condition updated:13 Sep 05
Current use: Bridge
Former use: Bridge


Historical notes: RTA and PW records indicate it was built in 1892 for a cost of 2,964 pounds.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Transport-Activities associated with the moving of people and goods from one place to another, and systems for the provision of such movements (none)-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
McDonald truss bridges have historical significance because timber truss bridges were developed and refined in Australia to achieve the highest level of timber bridge construction for the time of their design and the McDonald truss is an important recognisable design in the evolution of timber truss bridges in NSW.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
McDonald truss bridges have aesthetic significance because they are evocative of Australian methods of bridge construction, in their materials, scale and configuration they reflect and express nineteenth century technologies and experiences and for the time of their design and construction they demonstrate the best quality design available.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
McDonald truss bridges have social significance because their size and location contribute directly to the local area and they are a strong element in the local address.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Procedures /Exemptions

Section of actDescriptionTitleCommentsAction date
57(2)Exemption to allow workStandard Exemptions SCHEDULE OF STANDARD EXEMPTIONS
Notice of Order Under Section 57 (2) of the Heritage Act 1977

I, the Minister for Planning, pursuant to subsection 57(2) of the Heritage Act 1977, on the recommendation of the Heritage Council of New South Wales, do by this Order:

1. revoke the Schedule of Exemptions to subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act made under subsection 57(2) and published in the Government Gazette on 22 February 2008; and

2. grant standard exemptions from subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act 1977, described in the Schedule attached.

Minister for Planning
Sydney, 11 July 2008

To view the schedule click on the Standard Exemptions for Works Requiring Heritage Council Approval link below.
Sep 5 2008

PDF Standard exemptions for works requiring Heritage Council approval


Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - State Heritage Register 0146620 Jun 00 --
Heritage Act - s.170 NSW State agency heritage registerRoads & Traffic s.170    

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
Tourism 2007Crankies Plain Bridge View detail
TourismAttraction Homepage2007Crankies Plain Bridge View detail
WrittenHughes Trueman Reinhold1999Conservation Management Plan

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

rez rez rez
(Click on thumbnail for full size image and image details)

Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Heritage Office
Database number: 5051368
File number: EF14//4468

Every effort has been made to ensure that information contained in the State Heritage Inventory is correct. If you find any errors or omissions please send your comments to the Database Manager.

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