Avondale | NSW Environment & Heritage

Culture and heritage

Heritage

Avondale

Item details

Name of item: Avondale
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: House
Location: Lat: -33.8048365547 Long: 151.0030701360
Primary address: 25 O'Connell Street, Parramatta, NSW 2150
Parish: Field of Mars
County: Cumberland
Local govt. area: Parramatta
Local Aboriginal Land Council: Deerubbin
Property description
Lot/Volume CodeLot/Volume NumberSection NumberPlan/Folio CodePlan/Folio Number
LOTA DP348299
LOT1 DP622114
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
25 O'Connell StreetParramattaParramattaField of MarsCumberlandPrimary Address

Statement of significance:

Larger house than those in locality possibly associated with a notable person. Professional, trade and manufacturing practice - example of an intact house.
Date significance updated: 21 Dec 01
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Physical description: The subject site is located on the western alignment of O'Connell Street, between Fennel and Grose Streets. It is surrounded by a mix of residential and commercial development spaning approximately a century from the Federation period. Most of the surrounding development is of a comparable scale with a cohesive materiality of face brickwork.

The subject site includes Avondale (the subject former dwelling) as well as 1980s terraces/ townhouses to the west fronting Northcott Lane.

Avondale is a two-storey brick and tile building which has external timber setailing in the Federation style. Brickwork is a dull brown with re grain features and the roof is gabled and hipped with bellcast detailing over the verandah. The verandah is two-storey on two sides with cast iron posts and balustrade with geometrical coloured tile paving on the ground level. A crenellated parapet exisits over the fron on the bagled front wing. (Branch Managers Report 1981)
Modifications and dates: 14/1/1982 - Heritage Council approved application to renovate Avondale and incorporate it into a town house development ot the rear of the site and of the neighbouring site. This development was later deferred.
14/5/1984 - Heritage Council approved an application to use Avondale as offices and for external treatment of the building and fencing.
Further information: Subdivision plans (ML) - Parramatta; CPS
Current use: offices
Former use: Aboriginal land, residence

History

Historical notes: North Parramatta:
The first section of Ross Street, off Church Street, appears on an 1822 map of the Town of Parramatta. The street was named for Major Robert Ross, commanding officer of the Marines and second-in-command to Governor Phillip. Ross Street was among those identified by Surveyor General Mitchell in December 1827 as land 'suitable for the lower classes'. Governor Darling and Mitchell were, it would appear, intent on alloting land according to the social standing of the applicant (Weir Phillips, 2016, 6).

The subject site lay close to an area known as 'The Brickfields'. These were located on land granted to the Rev.Samuel Marsden. References to brick making in the area occur as early as 1805 and continue till the 1830s. The name, however, is perpetuated in the name of the cross-street nearest Avondale's lot, Brickfield Street (ibid, 2016, 6).

In 1828, the Sydney Gazette commented with surprise on the amount of vacant land in Parramatta, given its proximity to Sydney. While a handful of grants had been issued withint he township itself, land was more often allocated by lease. The majority of land was occupied simply by verbal permission, a tenuous claim to title that did not then stop the occupier from 'selling' the land. The resulting confusion was not conducive to investment in the town. Parramatta had been surveyed in 1822, as part of Governor Brisbane's attempts to regularise the situation, and a new leasehold system announced in 1823. The system, however, had not been entirely successful, discouraging investment. It would be at least two decades before the situation was resolved (ibid, 2016, 6).

By the mid-1830s, Parramatta stood at the hub of an extensive network of roads: the Sydney-Parramatta Road, Macquarie's Great Western Road to Emu Plains, the north-west WIndsor Road tot he Hawkesbury districts and the Dog Trap Road leading southwards to Liverpool. A postal service was begun, with Parramatta serving as the postal town for a wide region (1828). Regular coach services ran to Sydney from 1828 and over the range (Blue Mountains) to Bathurst from 1832. By the late 1830s there were 39 licensed premises and a steam mill, 1 of 3 (steam mills) in the colony, grinding grain. Within 15 years, steamers would begin plying their trade along the Parramatta River, greatly reducing passage time to Sydney (ibid, 2016, 6).

Once the leaseholds were taken up in the centre of the township, North Parramatta became the next most desirable location. Settlement spread slowly northwards along Church Street and Windsor Road. By 1832, many of the allotments along the Windsor Road had been built upon, especially those on the western side, closest to the river. This was considered the very edge of safe settlement, as the road beyond was known as a haunt of bushrangers (ibid, 2016, 6).

The municipality of Parramatta was proclaimed in 1861 along the boundary lines of the Police district, becoming the Borough of Parramatta in 1867. By 1871, with the exception of Sydney and its suburbs, Parramatta's population was exceeded only by Newcastle, Bathurst and West Maitland. The first period of substantial growth for Parramatta since the end of the convict system occurred during the decade from 1871. While population had grown slowly in 1870, it increased by 38% between 1871 and 1881. This is exemplified by the listing of Parramatta residents in Sydney street directories from 1884. Of the nearly 300 houses built between 1871 and 1881, two thirds were of brick or stone (ibid, 2016, 7).

Commercial life flourished and urban services utilities improved. By 1891, there were 1848 houses, 105 shops and offices in the municipality. By 1901 this had increased to 1929 houses and 156 shops. Over 60% of the houses were brick. Development was never even across the area outside of the urban areas around Parramatta, the wider area remained largely rural during the period (up) to 1915 (ibid, 2016, 7).

Land auctioned by the Crown in November 1893.

Sands Directories from the period indicate 'Avondale' was built between 1896 and 1897 by Patrick Long. According to the Parramatta City Heritage Dvelopment Control Plan 2001, Long was a grocer who was established in North Parramatta. He also served as an Alderman of the Forrest Ward in 1903. In 1912 Mr H.J.Smithers moved into the dwelling. Smithers was an auctioneer with prominent firm, Messrs. Mobbs & Co. (ibid, 2016, 7).

Sands Directories indicate Edward Board was the next tenant of Avondale. From 1919-c1923 the site operated as a private hospital, specialising in obstetrics under the guidance of Mrs A.M.Delamothe and a number of other different matrons. From 1929 the site operated as a private school under the tutorship of Miss Lutz (ibid, 2016, 7).

A section 130 order was placed over Avondale on 9 January 1981 to prevent its demolition. Under section 132 of the Heritage Act the owner gave notice of his intention to demolish the building. On 27 February 1981 an Interim Heritage Order was placed over the building.

A Permanent Conservation Order was placed over the building on 18 February 1983. It was transferred to the State Heritage Register on 2 April 1999.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Commerce-Activities relating to buying, selling and exchanging goods and services Office use-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Environment - cultural landscape-Activities associated with the interactions between humans, human societies and the shaping of their physical surroundings Developing local, regional and national economies-National Theme 3
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Environment - cultural landscape-Activities associated with the interactions between humans, human societies and the shaping of their physical surroundings Landscapes and gardens of domestic accommodation-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Health-Activities associated with preparing and providing medical assistance and/or promoting or maintaining the well being of humans Operating private and religious hospitals-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Building settlements, towns and cities-National Theme 4
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Adapted heritage building or structure-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Housing for merchants and dealers-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Housing professional people-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Architectural design-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Federation era residence-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. housing (suburbs)-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Housing ordinary families-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Land tenure-Activities and processes for identifying forms of ownership and occupancy of land and water, both Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal Changing land uses - from rural to suburban-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages 19th century suburban developments-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Subdivision of urban estates-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Suburban Expansion-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Suburban Consolidation-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Developing suburbia-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Role of transport in settlement-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages living in the suburbs-
6. Educating-Educating Education-Activities associated with teaching and learning by children and adults, formally and informally. Private education-
6. Educating-Educating Education-Activities associated with teaching and learning by children and adults, formally and informally. apdated villa/ cottage for a school-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Creative endeavour-Activities associated with the production and performance of literary, artistic, architectural and other imaginative, interpretive or inventive works; and/or associated with the production and expression of cultural phenomena; and/or environments that have inspired such creative activities. Interior design styles and periods - Edwardian-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Creative endeavour-Activities associated with the production and performance of literary, artistic, architectural and other imaginative, interpretive or inventive works; and/or associated with the production and expression of cultural phenomena; and/or environments that have inspired such creative activities. Architectural styles and periods - Federation Arts and Crafts-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Creative endeavour-Activities associated with the production and performance of literary, artistic, architectural and other imaginative, interpretive or inventive works; and/or associated with the production and expression of cultural phenomena; and/or environments that have inspired such creative activities. Landscaping - Federation period-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Creative endeavour-Activities associated with the production and performance of literary, artistic, architectural and other imaginative, interpretive or inventive works; and/or associated with the production and expression of cultural phenomena; and/or environments that have inspired such creative activities. Architectural styles and periods - Federation Queen Anne-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Creative endeavour-Activities associated with the production and performance of literary, artistic, architectural and other imaginative, interpretive or inventive works; and/or associated with the production and expression of cultural phenomena; and/or environments that have inspired such creative activities. Building in response to climate - verandahs-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Domestic life-Activities associated with creating, maintaining, living in and working around houses and institutions. Ways of life 1900-1950-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Domestic life-Activities associated with creating, maintaining, living in and working around houses and institutions. Ways of life 1950-2000-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Domestic life-Activities associated with creating, maintaining, living in and working around houses and institutions. Ways of life 1850-1900-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Domestic life-Activities associated with creating, maintaining, living in and working around houses and institutions. Living in, adapting and renovating homes for changing conditions-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Domestic life-Activities associated with creating, maintaining, living in and working around houses and institutions. Ornamental Garden-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Domestic life-Activities associated with creating, maintaining, living in and working around houses and institutions. Valuing women's contributions-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Domestic life-Activities associated with creating, maintaining, living in and working around houses and institutions. Living on the urban fringe-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Domestic life-Activities associated with creating, maintaining, living in and working around houses and institutions. Living in suburbia-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Leisure-Activities associated with recreation and relaxation Gardening-
9. Phases of Life-Marking the phases of life Persons-Activities of, and associations with, identifiable individuals, families and communal groups Associations with Patrick Long, grocer, Parramatta Alderman-
9. Phases of Life-Marking the phases of life Persons-Activities of, and associations with, identifiable individuals, families and communal groups Associations with H.J. Smithers, Parramatta auctioneer-
9. Phases of Life-Marking the phases of life Persons-Activities of, and associations with, identifiable individuals, families and communal groups Associations with Edward Board, tenant-
9. Phases of Life-Marking the phases of life Persons-Activities of, and associations with, identifiable individuals, families and communal groups Associations with Mrs A.M. Delamothe, hospital matron-
9. Phases of Life-Marking the phases of life Persons-Activities of, and associations with, identifiable individuals, families and communal groups Associations with Miss Lutz, Parramatta private school tutor-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
This item historically significant.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
This item is representative.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

Recommendations

Management CategoryDescriptionDate Updated
Recommended ManagementProduce a Conservation Management Plan (CMP) 
Recommended ManagementPrepare a maintenance schedule or guidelines 

Procedures /Exemptions

Section of actDescriptionTitleCommentsAction date
57(2)Exemption to allow workStandard Exemptions SCHEDULE OF STANDARD EXEMPTIONS
HERITAGE ACT 1977
Notice of Order Under Section 57 (2) of the Heritage Act 1977

I, the Minister for Planning, pursuant to subsection 57(2) of the Heritage Act 1977, on the recommendation of the Heritage Council of New South Wales, do by this Order:

1. revoke the Schedule of Exemptions to subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act made under subsection 57(2) and published in the Government Gazette on 22 February 2008; and

2. grant standard exemptions from subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act 1977, described in the Schedule attached.

FRANK SARTOR
Minister for Planning
Sydney, 11 July 2008

To view the schedule click on the Standard Exemptions for Works Requiring Heritage Council Approval link below.
Sep 5 2008

PDF Standard exemptions for works requiring Heritage Council approval

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - State Heritage Register 0023902 Apr 99 271546
Heritage Act - Permanent Conservation Order - former 0023918 Feb 83 320750
Local Environmental Plan  21 Jul 89 0844636
Local Environmental Plan 40927 Feb 97 20 

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
City of Parramatta Heritage Study1993409Meredith Walker  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenWeir Phillips Heritage2016'Heritage Impact Statement - Avondale, Unit 1, 25 O'Connell Street, Parramatta'

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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(Click on thumbnail for full size image and image details)

Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Heritage Office
Database number: 5051400
File number: S90/05456 & HC 32762


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