European Rock carvings | NSW Environment & Heritage

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European Rock carvings

Item details

Name of item: European Rock carvings
Type of item: Archaeological-Terrestrial
Group/Collection: Exploration, Survey and Events
Category: Rock Engraving
Location: Lat: -33.7733572808 Long: 150.9983176040
Primary address: 226 (rear) Windsor Road, Northmead, NSW 2153
Parish: St John
County: Cumberland
Local govt. area: Parramatta
Local Aboriginal Land Council: Deerubbin
Property description
Lot/Volume CodeLot/Volume NumberSection NumberPlan/Folio CodePlan/Folio Number
PART LOT  cp/sp34043
PART LOT  SP35998
PART LOT  SP37717
PART LOT  SP38746
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
226 (rear) Windsor RoadNorthmeadParramattaSt JohnCumberlandPrimary Address

Statement of significance:

Evidence of history before suburban small lot subdivision. Very few early European carvings are known in New South Wales. Comparable examples are found at the Quarantine Station, North Head and Hartley Gaol. The fact that these carvings are not related to an institutional setting is unusual.

The carvings are of regional significance as the only known examples of early European carvings in the Parramatta region, the earliest rural settlement in Australia.

These carvings serve as the only surviving visual reminder of the 19th century history of this land associated with pioneering agricultural and early road building work.
Date significance updated: 18 Jul 00
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Physical description: Two figures, possibly Europeans, etched into rock, by sparrow picking. A Salvation Army retirement village, "The Willows" has been built upon the site.

The group of carvings depicts one head and bust in profile, one complete figure, two unfinished heads and the letters AD in an outcrop of hard sandstone. On nearby outcrops two surveyor's benchmarks were observed. The heads are in profile with frontal eyes, wearing tall crowned, wide brimmed hats and smoking long clay pipes. The distinctive hats are suggestive of the style worn by "currency Lads"in the first half of the nineteenth century.

The carvings have significant research potential as they show an assemblage of figures in period dress, and in different stages of completion using two carving methods:
1. the use of broad tipped chisel, and
2. The making of an outline with drill holes which are then joined up with a pointed tool ( a technique used in Aboriginal carving).

Surrounding the rock outcrop on which the carvings occur are remnants of the rainforest vegetation which must have originally covered the site.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
The carvings are clear and in good condition at present.
Date condition updated:14 Jun 00
Modifications and dates: A retirement village "the Willows" has been built upon the site.

History

Historical notes: The carvings may be associated with activity on the early Hawksbury or Windsor Roads. This is an area of very early settlement and this block of land was alienated before 1811. Very few early European carvings are known in New South Wales. Comparable examples are found at the Quarantine Station, North Head and Hartley Gaol. The fact that these carvings are not related to an institutional setting is unusual.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. early settlement or worker's cottage-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Living on the land-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Land tenure-Activities and processes for identifying forms of ownership and occupancy of land and water, both Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal Early land grants-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Creative endeavour-Activities associated with the production and performance of literary, artistic, architectural and other imaginative, interpretive or inventive works; and/or associated with the production and expression of cultural phenomena; and/or environments that have inspired such creative activities. Making and using vernacular furnishings and decorations-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Creative endeavour-Activities associated with the production and performance of literary, artistic, architectural and other imaginative, interpretive or inventive works; and/or associated with the production and expression of cultural phenomena; and/or environments that have inspired such creative activities. Creating works of art-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
This item historically significant. The carvings may be associated with activity on the early Hawksbury or Windsor Roads. Thisis an area of vey early settlement and this block of land was alienated before 1811. Very few early European carvings are known in New South Wales. Comparable examples are found at the Quarantine Station, North Head and Hartley Gaol. The fact that these carvings are not related to an institutional setting is unusual.
SHR Criteria e)
[Research potential]
The carvings have significant research potential as they show an assemblage of figures in period dress, and in different stages of completion using two carving methods:
1. the use of broad tipped chisel, and
2. The making of an outline with drill holes which are then joined up with a pointed tool ( a technique used in Aboriginal carving).
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
Very few early European carvings are known in New South wales.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
This item is representative.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

Preparation of a Conservation Management Plan

Procedures /Exemptions

Section of actDescriptionTitleCommentsAction date
57(2)Exemption to allow workStandard Exemptions SCHEDULE OF STANDARD EXEMPTIONS
HERITAGE ACT 1977
Notice of Order Under Section 57 (2) of the Heritage Act 1977

I, the Minister for Planning, pursuant to subsection 57(2) of the Heritage Act 1977, on the recommendation of the Heritage Council of New South Wales, do by this Order:

1. revoke the Schedule of Exemptions to subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act made under subsection 57(2) and published in the Government Gazette on 22 February 2008; and

2. grant standard exemptions from subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act 1977, described in the Schedule attached.

FRANK SARTOR
Minister for Planning
Sydney, 11 July 2008

To view the schedule click on the Standard Exemptions for Works Requiring Heritage Council Approval link below.
Sep 5 2008

PDF Standard exemptions for works requiring Heritage Council approval

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - State Heritage Register 0068002 Apr 99 271546
Heritage Act - Permanent Conservation Order - former 0068017 Nov 89 1119825
Local Environmental Plan 63827 Feb 97 20903
Local Environmental Plan 199016 Oct 90 1339528

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
City of Parramatta Heritage Study1993638Meredith Walker  Yes

References, internet links & images

None

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Heritage Office
Database number: 5051412
File number: S90/01321 & HC 87 3245


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