Chatswood Reservoirs No. 1 and No. 2 | NSW Environment & Heritage

Culture and heritage

Heritage

Chatswood Reservoirs No. 1 and No. 2

Item details

Name of item: Chatswood Reservoirs No. 1 and No. 2
Other name/s: WS024 & WS025
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Utilities - Water
Category: Water Supply Reservoir/ Dam
Location: Lat: -33.8059096059 Long: 151.1803109200
Primary address: 559 Pacific Highway, Artarmon, NSW 2064
Local govt. area: Willoughby
Local Aboriginal Land Council: Metropolitan
Property description
Lot/Volume CodeLot/Volume NumberSection NumberPlan/Folio CodePlan/Folio Number
LOT1 DP1036470
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
559 Pacific HighwayArtarmonWilloughby  Primary Address
Mowbray RoadArtarmonWilloughby  Alternate Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
Sydney WaterState Government27 Nov 98

Statement of significance:

Chatswood Reservoir No.1 (WS 24) and Chatswood Reservoir No.2 (WS 25) are a pair of identical riveted steel reservoirs, built at Chatswood in 1888. Riveted steel reservoirs are rare in the Sydney Supply Area, this being one of the finest and earliest groups.
Date significance updated: 27 Apr 05
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Designer/Maker: Public Works Department
Builder/Maker: Public Works Department
Physical description: Chatswood Reservoir No.1 (WS 24) (west) is identical in construction to Chatswood Reservoir No.2 (WS 25) (east). They were built as a pair of cylindrical riveted steel surface reservoirs, with interconnecting walkway at roof level. Standard features include: concrete apron, davit, access ladder, handrails and inlet and outlet valve chambers. An unusual feature is the set of ladder rungs attached to the side of the reservoir, although they have been cut off at low level. The depth gauge board has been removed. The site also includes a meter house (not significant) between Chatswood Reservoirs Nos. 1 & 2 (WS 24 & 25), a welded steel reservoir (WS 239) (1972) (little or no significance, although included in the NT Listing) at the south end of the site and the former Chatswood Pumping Station, a two storey brick structure (1895). Significant plantings include: archontophoenix and other palm species, camphor laurel and eucalypts.
Modifications and dates: The reservoir has been roofed to safeguard water quality (1960s-1970s). An unusual feature is the set of ladder rungs attached to the side of the reservoir, although they have been cut off at low level. The depth gauge board has been removed.
Current use: Reservoir
Former use: Reservoir

History

Historical notes: The need for supplying water to the districts surrounding the railway along the North Shore line was met by the Upper Nepean system. Water was conveyed to the North Shore via the Upper Canal and distributed from Pipehead. The basin at Pipehead was used to supply suction water to a major new steam pumping station built at Ryde (the forebear of the current Ryde pumping station) which pumped water to the two reservoirs WS024 and WS025 at Chatswood. Built in 1888, these reservoirs were a key component in the supply of water to the Chatswood area. As their top water level was 113 metres above sea level, the pair were able to service the suburbs of Chatswood, North Sydney, Mosman, and a small portion of Ryde by gravity. Supply to Manly could also be obtained from the reservoirs by means of gravitation through Mosman reservoir after it was built in 1904. The reservoirs also supplied suction water to a steam pumping station, constructed adjacent to them in 1895. This was pumped to two 90 kilolitre elevated steel tanks at Wahroonga for supply to the Upper North Shore. In 1972, a 54 megalitre welded steel reservoir was constructed adjacent to R024 and R025.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Utilities-Activities associated with the provision of services, especially on a communal basis (none)-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
Chatswood Reservoir No.1 (WS 24) and Chatswood Reservoir No.2 (WS 25) are of a pair of riveted steel reservoirs, built at Chatswood in 1888.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The two riveted steel reservoirs form a complementary group, rarely seen elsewhere. The other major example is Hermitage Reservoir No.1 (WS 50) and Hermitage Reservoir No.2 (WS 51).
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
Riveted steel reservoirs are rare in the Sydney Supply Area, this being one of the finest and earliest groups.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Procedures /Exemptions

Section of actDescriptionTitleCommentsAction date
57(2)Exemption to allow workStandard Exemptions SCHEDULE OF STANDARD EXEMPTIONS
HERITAGE ACT 1977
Notice of Order Under Section 57 (2) of the Heritage Act 1977

I, the Minister for Planning, pursuant to subsection 57(2) of the Heritage Act 1977, on the recommendation of the Heritage Council of New South Wales, do by this Order:

1. revoke the Schedule of Exemptions to subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act made under subsection 57(2) and published in the Government Gazette on 22 February 2008; and

2. grant standard exemptions from subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act 1977, described in the Schedule attached.

FRANK SARTOR
Minister for Planning
Sydney, 11 July 2008

To view the schedule click on the Standard Exemptions for Works Requiring Heritage Council Approval link below.
Sep 5 2008
21(1)(b)Conservation Plan submitted for endorsementConservation Management Strategy - endorsement - December 2008 Feb 10 2009

PDF Standard exemptions for works requiring Heritage Council approval

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - State Heritage Register 0132118 Nov 99   
Heritage Act - s.170 NSW State agency heritage register 122573   

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Sydney Water Heritage Study1996122573Graham Brooks and Associates Pty LtdGRAHAM BROOKS AND ASSOCIATES PTY LTD 1 July 1996 Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenUrbis CMPs/CMSsChatswood Reservoirs WS0024 and WS0025 : conservation management strategy

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

rez rez rez rez rez rez
rez rez
(Click on thumbnail for full size image and image details)

Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Heritage Office
Database number: 5051422


Every effort has been made to ensure that information contained in the State Heritage Inventory is correct. If you find any errors or omissions please send your comments to the Database Manager.

All information and pictures on this page are the copyright of the Heritage Division or respective copyright owners.