Sewage Pumping Station 67 | NSW Environment & Heritage

Culture and heritage


Sewage Pumping Station 67

Item details

Name of item: Sewage Pumping Station 67
Other name/s: SPS 67. SP0067
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Utilities - Sewerage
Category: Sewage Pump House/Pumping Station
Location: Lat: -33.8183261700 Long: 151.0236724270
Primary address: Grand Avenue North, Camellia, NSW 2142
Local govt. area: Parramatta
Local Aboriginal Land Council: Deerubbin
Property description
Lot/Volume CodeLot/Volume NumberSection NumberPlan/Folio CodePlan/Folio Number
LOT2 DP430623
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
Grand Avenue NorthCamelliaParramatta  Primary Address
James Ruse Drive (near)CamelliaParramatta  Alternate Address


Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
Sydney WaterState Government 

Statement of significance:

SP0067 is of historic, aesthetic and technical/research significance. Historically it was the first low level sewage pumping station constructed in the Parramatta district. Its construction along with the completion of the NSOOS ended the discharge of treated sewage into the Parramatta River, which greatly improved the public health of Parramatta and paved the way for the continued urban expansion of the region. Aesthetically, it is an impressive example of an industrial utility building designed in the Federation Free Style and is noteworthy for the extensive use of tuck pointed brickwork, which is indicative of the public importance of the station at the time. Technically, it is a fine example of sewage pumping station design which has proved to be very effective, as evidenced by its continual use for over 70 years.
Date significance updated: 04 May 05
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.


Designer/Maker: Metropolitan Water Sewerage & Drainage Board
Builder/Maker: Meytropolitan Water Sewerage & Drainage Board
Construction years: 1929-1930
Physical description: SP0067, Camellia is a low level sewage pumping station located adjacent to James Ruse Drive. Architecturally the building was designed in a utilitarian version of the Federation Free Style. Externally there is a tiled gable roof with three large ventilators and boxed eaves; light brown tuck pointed brickwork formed into bays by brick piers with a rendered string course and polychrome dentil course; and large multi-paned steel framed windows. The front facade consists of a gabled parapet with a curvilinear apex feature, rendered cornice, projecting brick piers and a rendered string course. The entrance consists of a steel roller shutter door with a rendered bracketed cornice over. There are mature palm trees near the entrance to the site along with a row of cypress pines. The station is located adjacent to several office buildings, with a park-like setting located immediately to the front of the site.
Date condition updated:13 Apr 00
Modifications and dates: The pumping units were installed in 1956 and units in about 1966 when they replaced the original pumps.
Current use: Low level sewage pumping station
Former use: Low level sewage pumping station


Historical notes: Early in the development of Parramatta, the Parramatta River was used for the disposal of sewage. By the early 20th century, when the effects of the polluted river could no longer be tolerated, a bacterial treatment plant was constructed by the Public Works Department and transferred to the Parramatta Council. The scheme provided for combined sewerage and drainage and drained to a steam pumping station which lifted the sewage to a treatment plant for processing before discharge to the river. The system was transferred to the Metropolitan Board of Water Supply & Sewerage in 1916. In 1930 the treatment works ceased operation with the completion of the Northern Suburbs Ocean Outfall Sewer (NSOOS) to Dundas and construction of SP0067, which then collected all of the sewage previously flowing to the treatment works and pumped it through a rising main to the NSOOS at Dundas.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Technology-Activities and processes associated with the knowledge or use of mechanical arts and applied sciences Technologies for sanitation-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages 19th Century Infrastructure-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Utilities-Activities associated with the provision of services, especially on a communal basis (none)-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Utilities-Activities associated with the provision of services, especially on a communal basis Providing sewers and stormwater outlets-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
SP0067, Camellia was commissioned in 1931 and played an important role in the major advance in the protection of the public health of the Parramatta region by ending the discharge of treated sewage into the Parramatta River. The construction of SP0067 and the NSOOS helped pave the way for the continued growth of Parramatta, Auburn and surrounding region.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
SP0067 is one of the largest low level sewage pumping stations in the Sydney Water Corporation system. The building was designed in a industrial version of the Federation Free Style, exploiting the use of good face brickwork and contrasting rendered string courses and cornices. Whilst the style of the building is not innovative for the period, it is unique due to its sheer scale and attention to detail, including the use of tuck pointed brickwork which is rare for a building of this size and age. It is visually prominent and makes a positive contribution to the local cultural landscape.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
Item is listed on the National Trust (NSW) Register and is thus recognised by an identifiable group, and as such has importance to the broader community. The development of the station greatly reduced pollution of the Parramatta River. It took sewage from Lidcombe Hospital, which was the responsibility of the Health Department.
SHR Criteria e)
[Research potential]
SP0067 has the potential to reveal information about the construction techniques and design of the superstructure and substructure. The pumping station still fulfills its role over 70 years after its introduction as a low level sewage pumping station as originally designed and constructed albeit with some mechanical upgrading.
SHR Criteria f)
SP0067 is rare as the largest SPS at the time of its construction.
SHR Criteria g)
The superstructure is a representative example of a Federtaion Free Style public utility building. SP0067 is a representative example of a low level sewage pumping station on the Northern Suburbs Ocean Outfall Sewer and SPS technology.
Integrity/Intactness: Building fabric substantially is intact.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

Manage the place and its significant components in accordance with the Heritage Council State Owned Heritage Asset Management Guidelines and the Minimum Standards of Maintenance and Repair in the NSW Heritage Regulations. Manage significant site elements in accordance with a Conservation Management Plan (CMP). If no CMP exists, consult with Asset Management Commercial Services with respect to commissioning a CMP. When commissioning a CMP, do so in accordance with the Model Brief for CMPs available on ConnectNet. Seek endorsement of the CMP from the Heritage Council of NSW. Works undertaken in accordance with a Heritage Council-endorsed CMP do not require further approval under the NSW Heritage Act. Involve heritage professionals as required under the terms of the CMP, or as otherwise determined necessary. Review CMP every 5 years or in a major change of circumstances, whichever is sooner. Review of a CMP should only be undertaken following consultation with Asset Management Commercial Services . When commissioning a CMP review, do so in accordance with the Model Brief for CMPs available on ConnectNet. Where no CMP is in place, or where works are outside the scope of the existing CMP, assess heritage impacts of proposed works in accordance with Sydney Water Environment Impact Assessment guidelines (e.g. undertake a Heritage Assessment and/or Statement of Heritage Impact as required, obtain Heritage Council approval as required). Consult with the Heritage Manager, Environment and Innovation, when major works are planned which affect items of State heritage significance. Undertake archival and photographic recording before major changes, in accordance with Heritage Council guidelines. Lodge copies of the archival record with the Sydney Water Archives and the NSW Heritage Office. Where the item is listed in a Local Environmental Plan Schedule of Heritage items, determine if works are exempt from approval under the LEP provisions. Where works are not exempt, obtain necessary approvals from the local council, in accordance with SWC EIA Guidelines.

Procedures /Exemptions

Section of actDescriptionTitleCommentsAction date
57(2)Exemption to allow workStandard Exemptions SCHEDULE OF STANDARD EXEMPTIONS
Notice of Order Under Section 57 (2) of the Heritage Act 1977

I, the Minister for Planning, pursuant to subsection 57(2) of the Heritage Act 1977, on the recommendation of the Heritage Council of New South Wales, do by this Order:

1. revoke the Schedule of Exemptions to subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act made under subsection 57(2) and published in the Government Gazette on 22 February 2008; and

2. grant standard exemptions from subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act 1977, described in the Schedule attached.

Minister for Planning
Sydney, 11 July 2008

To view the schedule click on the Standard Exemptions for Works Requiring Heritage Council Approval link below.
Sep 5 2008

PDF Standard exemptions for works requiring Heritage Council approval


Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - State Heritage Register 0164315 Nov 02 2209711
Heritage Act - s.170 NSW State agency heritage register     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Sydney Water Heritage Study1996 Graham Brooks and Associates Pty Ltd  Yes
Heritage Study of the Upper Nepean Scheme1992 Edward Higginbotham & Associates Pty Ltd  No
Alexandra Canal Conservation Management Plan2004 NSW Department of Commenrce, Heritage Design Services  Yes

References, internet links & images


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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Heritage Office
Database number: 5053882
File number: H04/00097

Every effort has been made to ensure that information contained in the State Heritage Inventory is correct. If you find any errors or omissions please send your comments to the Database Manager.

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