Entrance Ocean Pools, The | NSW Environment & Heritage

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Entrance Ocean Pools, The

Item details

Name of item: Entrance Ocean Pools, The
Other name/s: The Entrance Ocean Baths
Type of item: Landscape
Group/Collection: Urban Area
Category: Swimming Pool - tidal
Location: Lat: -33.3501917467 Long: 151.5034419170
Primary address: Ocean Parade, The Entrance, NSW 2261
Parish: Tuggerah
County: Northumberland
Local govt. area: Wyong
Local Aboriginal Land Council: Darkinjung
Property description
Lot/Volume CodeLot/Volume NumberSection NumberPlan/Folio CodePlan/Folio Number
LOT366 DP755263
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
Ocean ParadeThe EntranceWyongTuggerahNorthumberlandPrimary Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
former Wyong Shire CouncilLocal Government 

Statement of significance:

The Entrance Ocean Baths is the only ocean pool on the Central Coast. Constructed between 1938 and 1965 the complex of three pools and associated facilities have historic and technical significance because they demonstrate the evolution of ocean baths in the twentieth century. The transformation of a simple rock pool to a complex of ocean baths located on the tidal rock platform coincides with the growth of the amateur swimming movement and the consequent demand for suitable venues for the sport. The development of the site also reflects a broader societal and cultural shift away from secluded bathing primarily for therapeutic and hygiene reasons to swimming as a recreational and competitive sporting activity promoted for its health benefits.

The site of the baths was known to Aboriginal people as a natural fish trap and has the potential to demonstrate the link between the prior selection and use of sites by Aboriginal people and their subsequent use and adaption by Europeans.

The Entrance Ocean Baths have been a focal point for communal recreation, swimming education and competitive swimming since 1938. As a popular tourist destination for working and rural people the baths are held in high esteem by the many generations of local residents and tourists who were first taught to swim there.

The baths are associated with the Entrance Amateur Swimming Club established in 1953 and the Tuggerah Tuffs, a winter swimming club established in 1967. Christine Deakes, a member of the Amateur Swimming Club represented Australia at the 1968 Olympics in Mexico.

The Entrance Ocean Baths reflect a type of community facility that is no longer constructed due to the problems associated with the aggressive marine environment, public health and safety and changes in community expectations.
Date significance updated: 04 Feb 03
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Builder/Maker: Erina Shire Council
Construction years: 1938-1965
Physical description: Three concrete and rock pools, being a main 50 metre Olympic pool, a wading pool and an intermediate pool, set into and on a rocky shore, with two brick structures containing toilets, change rooms, kiosk, club/meeting room and storage area. A concrete concourse physically unites these elements with rows of concrete tiered seating on the western edge, and various stairs and ramps. There are fixed shade structures over the intermediate pool and the southern end of the tiered seating (EJE, 2002, 4).
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Assessed as being 'Fair' condition in 1994 (EJE, App E) and in 2009.
Date condition updated:09 Jul 12
Modifications and dates: 1940 - intermediate and wading pools built, along with pump station and pipeline.
1950s - concrete pool floor and sides laid over excavated rock.
1965 - wading and intermediate pools built.
1970s - pipeline enlarged, pool floor renewed, concourse constructed.
1995 - pump upgrading and reticulation works.
(EJE 2002: 4)
Current use: swimming and beach recreation
Former use: swimming and beach recreation

History

Historical notes: The 50 metre, seven lane, Olympic size pool was constructed in the 1938 by Erina Shire Council using the approximate site of an earlier rock pool known as "Roberts' Pool", but closer to the shoreline. The development of the site coincides with the cultural shift from secluded bathing primarily for therapeutic and hygiene reasons to swimming as a recreational and competitive sporting activity promoted for its health benefits. The expansion of the site coincides with the growth of amateur swimming clubs and the consequent demand for suitable venues. Hence many municipal councils built new facilities or enlarged existing rock pools as is the case here. The baths also provided a safe alternative recreational and swimming environment to the dangerous surf beach.

The pool located on a natural rock platform was filled through tidal action, often taking a week to fill. It was drained every six to eight weeks via a channel blasted through the rock platform at the southern end of the pool. Workers would scour the walls and natural rock bottom as the water slowly receded.

The pool was upgraded in the 1940s with the addition of a pumping station and pipeline. At the same time a swimming club was established, which raised funds for various works including a club house, and Erina Shire Council built a toilet and change rooms just south of the pool.

In 1951 further improvements were made to the pool with a concrete floor and sides being placed over the excavated rock. The Entrance Amateur Swimming Club was formed on 10 July, 1953. The inaugaral President was Fred Lewis. In 1965 a Baby Wading Pool and the medium sized pool known as the 'Fred Lewis Pool' were was added. In April 1967 the Tuggerah Tuffs a winter swimming club were formed. In 1995 minor pump upgrading and reticulation works were completed.

The Entrance was a popular summer holiday destination for people from the working classes and rural communities. The Entrance Amateur Swimming Club and the Entrance Ocean Baths provided free swimming lessons during summer to local residents and tourists alike. As a major seaside toursit destination many people from across NSW first learn't to swim at the Entrance Ocean Baths.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Environment - cultural landscape-Activities associated with the interactions between humans, human societies and the shaping of their physical surroundings Landscapes of coastal swimming, diving, surfing and sunbathing-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Environment - cultural landscape-Activities associated with the interactions between humans, human societies and the shaping of their physical surroundings Landscapes of passive recreation-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Creative endeavour-Activities associated with the production and performance of literary, artistic, architectural and other imaginative, interpretive or inventive works; and/or associated with the production and expression of cultural phenomena; and/or environments that have inspired such creative activities. Building in response to climate - ocean pools and baths-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Leisure-Activities associated with recreation and relaxation Going swimming-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Social institutions-Activities and organisational arrangements for the provision of social activities Community organisations-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Sport-Activities associated with organised recreational and health promotional activities competitive swimming-
9. Phases of Life-Marking the phases of life Persons-Activities of, and associations with, identifiable individuals, families and communal groups Associations with Christine Deakes, Olympic Swimmer-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
The Entrance Ocean Pools are historically significant because they demonstrate the evolution of a simple rock pool known to Aboriginal people as a natural fish trap to a complex of ocean baths. The expansion of the site between 1938 and 1965 coincides with the growth of amateur swimming clubs and the pursuit of swimming as a sport.
SHR Criteria b)
[Associative significance]
The Entrance Ocean Baths are associated with The Entrance Amateur Swimming Club (est. 1953) and the 'Tuggerah Tuffs' a winter swimming club (est. 1967). . A member of the The Entrance Amateur Swimming Club, Christine Deakes was selected for the 1968 Olympic Games in Mexico. The site of the baths is also associated with the Aboriginal people of the area who recognised the rock shelf as a natural fish trap.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The Entrance Ocean Baths have high aesthetic value as an oceanic landmark due to their siting at the southern end of The Entrance's main surf beach and the way in which they unite land and sea in a low scale, horizontal built form.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
The Entrance Ocean Baths have been a focal point for recreation, swimming education and competitive swimming since 1938. The Entrance is notable as a holiday destination for working people and rural communities. It provides evidence of the major popularity of swimming as a competitive and recreational sport in Australia The popularity of the pool and the expansion of its facilities is closely linked to the growth and activities of the amateur swimming movement. The high esteem with which the baths are held is attested to by the collection of 9,310 signatures supporting the heritage listing of the baths.
SHR Criteria e)
[Research potential]
The Entrance Ocean Pools have research significance for their ability to demonstrate both documentary and physical evidence of the technical evolution of ocean baths in the 20th Century and the cultural and societal changes which promoted such development. The site also has the potential to demonstrate the link between the prior selection and use of sites by Aboriginal people and their subsequent use and adaption by Europeans.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
The Entrance Ocean Baths are one of only nine ocean pools built on the NSW coast in the 1920s and 1930s and the only one on the Central Coast.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
The Entrance Ocean baths reflect a type of community facility that are no longer constructed due to problems associated with the aggressive marine environment, public health and safety and changes in community expectations.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Procedures /Exemptions

Section of actDescriptionTitleCommentsAction date
57(2)Exemption to allow workStandard Exemptions SCHEDULE OF STANDARD EXEMPTIONS
HERITAGE ACT 1977
Notice of Order Under Section 57 (2) of the Heritage Act 1977

I, the Minister for Planning, pursuant to subsection 57(2) of the Heritage Act 1977, on the recommendation of the Heritage Council of New South Wales, do by this Order:

1. revoke the Schedule of Exemptions to subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act made under subsection 57(2) and published in the Government Gazette on 22 February 2008; and

2. grant standard exemptions from subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act 1977, described in the Schedule attached.

FRANK SARTOR
Minister for Planning
Sydney, 11 July 2008

To view the schedule click on the Standard Exemptions for Works Requiring Heritage Council Approval link below.
Sep 5 2008

PDF Standard exemptions for works requiring Heritage Council approval

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - State Heritage Register 0166322 Aug 03 1288095
Local Environmental PlanWyong LEP95   
Heritage study     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Wyong Shire Heritage Study Review1999 David Scobie Heritage ArchitectDavid Scobie Yes
Wyong Local Environmental Plan - Heritage Inventory199195Wyong Shire Council  Yes
The Entrance Peninsula - Heritage Assessment and Review2006TE14Henly CoxHenly Cox Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
TourismAttraction Homepage2007The Entrance Ocean Pools View detail
WrittenEJE Architecture2002The Entrance Ocean Baths Master Plan
TourismVisit NSW2007The Entrance Ocean Pools View detail

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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(Click on thumbnail for full size image and image details)

Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Heritage Office
Database number: 5053929
File number: 10/2318; H03/00058


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