Federation House | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

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Federation House

Item details

Name of item: Federation House
Other name/s: Federation Style. House
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: House
Primary address: 14 Dunmore Street North, Bexley, NSW 2207
Parish: St George
County: Cumberland
Local govt. area: Bayside
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
14 Dunmore Street NorthBexleyBaysideSt GeorgeCumberlandPrimary Address

Statement of significance:

This dwelling is significant as part of a group of three identical high quality Federation houses with rare patterned slate roof tiles. This group contributes to the unique streetscape of Dunmore Street, on e of Rockdale' s finest residential street. This street forms part of the original Ocean View Estate subdivision in 1883.
Date significance updated: 18 Mar 05
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.


Physical description: One of a group of three single storey Federation brick houses in similar form and style with hipped roof with a projecting gabled bay and covered with patterned slate. The original chimneys are extant and retain chimney pots however they have been painted. The front veranda is supported on turned timber posts with cast iron decorative trim and timber brackets. There is a bay window projecting from the gabled roofed front wall which retains all its original detailing including twin leadlight windows. The property is very intact at the front.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
This dwelling is largely intact with original timber window and veranda details and original patterned slate roof.
Date condition updated:29 May 10
Modifications and dates: BA-1992/410 : CARPORT ADDITION TO DWELLING CLASS I
Current use: Dwelling
Former use: Dwelling


Historical notes: The subject property is part of 1200 acres granted by Governor Brisbane to merchant James Chandler in 1831. The land was first auctioned as part of the Ocean View Estate in 1883. The date of construction and initial owners of the subject house have not been established, although the house looks likely to have been built for speculative purposes as part of a group with Nos 12 and 16 Dunmore Street, possibly by locally prominent builder Norman R Smith, who from at least 1923 was the occupant of the subject house. Smith’s company Norman R Smith Pty Ltd won the contract for the construction of the Woronora Crematorium in the early 1930s (‘Woronora Crematorium’, SMH, 4 July 1933) and was awarded a number of contracts by the architect LS Robertson of respected Sydney architectural practice LS Robertson & Marks. Smith appears to have lived at the subject house at least until the 1950s (‘Bexley Forum to Discuss Housing’, SMH, 27 July 1954). In 1930 Smith was listed at 16 Dunmore Street next door, apparently during renovations to the subject house, as in 1933 Smith advertised for house painters to repaint the newly-renovated house (Sands Directory; ‘Advertisements’, SMH, 7 January 1933).

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages (none)-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Village community to commuter suburb - Housing-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
This Federation house is historically significant as part of the second wave of development on 1883 Ocean View Estate.
SHR Criteria b)
[Associative significance]
The house has minor significance for its association with locally prominent builder Norman R Smith.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The house is aesthetically significant as part of a group three identical high quality Federation houses with unique intact patterned slated roof tiles. This group of dwellings contributes to the streetscape character of Dunmore Street and helps to show the unique historic development of styles in this Street over a 40-year period.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
Does not meet this criteria.
SHR Criteria e)
[Research potential]
Does not meet this criteria.
SHR Criteria f)
Does not meet this criteria.
SHR Criteria g)
The building is a good representative example of a Federation house in the Rockdale area.
Integrity/Intactness: Dwelling is largely intact.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.


Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental PlanRockdale Local Environmental Plan 2011I12005 Dec 11   
Local Environmental Plan  16 Nov 01 175 
Heritage study     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Rockdale Heritage Study1991118Meredith Walker and Terry Kass  No
Rockdale Heritage Inventory Review2010 Louise Thom  Yes

References, internet links & images


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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 2330094

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