Mount Wood Station | NSW Environment & Heritage

Culture and heritage

Heritage

Mount Wood Station

Item details

Name of item: Mount Wood Station
Other name/s: Mt Wood; Whittabrinnah and Mount Wood Pastoral Company
Type of item: Complex / Group
Group/Collection: Farming and Grazing
Category: Homestead Complex
Location: Lat: -29.4732039573 Long: 142.2256707100
Primary address: , Sturt National Park, NSW
Local govt. area: Unincorporated
Local Aboriginal Land Council: Tibooburra
Property description
Lot/Volume CodeLot/Volume NumberSection NumberPlan/Folio CodePlan/Folio Number
LOT4622  68084
LOT239 DP760943
LOT489 DP761373
LOT1093 DP762387
LOT4352 DP767188
LOT5260 DP767188
LOT6508 DP767189

Boundary:

The State Heritage Register curtilage is derived from the Conservation Management Plan Mount Wood Complex pages 43 and 44, Vol 1 April 1997, Peter Freeman, Michael Pearson and Rosemary Annable.
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
 Sturt National ParkUnincorporated  Primary Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
Office of Environment and HeritageState Government26 Nov 98

Statement of significance:

Mount Wood Homestead complex, shearers quarters, woolshed, woolscours and outstations are significant in that they demonstrate a continuity of pastoral activity in the arid north-west of NSW over a one hundred year period. The individual elements vary in age, but even the most recent are located upon traditional sites of pastoral operations, and an unusually complete representative sample of the elements typical of pastoral stations survives, as archaeological sites, ruins, standing structures or landscape features. The extant evidence clearly illustrates the themes of housing, isolation, land tenure/settlement, pastoralism and technology. Some elements of the place are significant in their own right.

The woolscour has been well researched, and is still the only 19th century station-based scour demonstrated to have survived largely intact. While comparative research is still patchy, the Mount Wood woolscour appears to be a rare survival of a once common pastoral technology, critical to the settlement of the pastoral frontier.

The shearers quarters and homestead retain elements from each stage of their history in archaeological or standing form. They are both important documents of the long history of station operations, and a potential research resource in terms of their archaeological values. Individual elements have aesthetic (architectural) and scientific (archaeological and technological) values.

The survival of the range of elements present at Mount Wood is believed to be already uncommon in western NSW, and may become increasingly rare as time passes (Freeman, 1997: Vol 1, p51)
Date significance updated: 11 Jan 02
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Construction years: 1890-1969
Physical description: Station:
Mount Wood Homestead complex is today within Sturt National Park. Sturt National Park is representative of the shrub rangeland in western New South Wales, it provides one of the best examples of this land type in conjunction with wattle (Acacia spp.) dominated Fluviatile and Aeolian land types. The area, due to its size, is an important wildlife refuge, and has a significant species diversity including 246 native species, as well as a high diversity of landforms including Aeolian dune systems, Mitchell Grass Plains, the Jump Ups and Gibber Desert.

The National Park lies in the south-west of a vast bowl shaped depression which covers eastern central Australia, and is mainly covered by low undulating plains of Gibber Desert in the east or sand dunes in the west except for where it contains the south-western end of the Grey Range. Here the Jump Ups, a range of low flat topped hills (mesa) run through the centre of the park and along its eastern boundary. Just inside the park boundary at Tibooburra is a granite outcrop which has formations of hilltop tors. The southern extremity of the Grey Range in the north of the park has associated mesa formations and eroded gullies, the remainder of the park has the occasional stony hill and many drainage basins.

The park has three major vegetation associations, these include a mulga association; saltbush association; and bluebush association (AHC, ).

Mount Wood Station:
The Mount Wood Homestead complex comprises:

1. Landscape Features, including fields
Fields

Mt. Wood Camping Ground (NE of homestead complex)

Visitor Car Park (north of homestead complex and east of vehicle shed).

Self-guided walk - runs in a ring around homestead and stables complexes

Thomson's Creek
Runs (when it is running) south of the homestead complex.
Suspension bridge over the creek east of the complex and east of the Woolshed.

Garden
Line of eucalypts c.1960 behind the kitchen and laundry/store.
Two trees to the right hand side (in plan) of the 1897 homestead.
Two paths linking the two homesteads (1897; 1935)
Drift of three eucalypts in front of the 1935 homestead;
Pepper tree (Schinus molle) near the stone hut (c1890) and poultry runs.
Regrowth vegetation to the left (in plan) of the radio aerial and poultry runs.
Horse Yards (1960s)(Brueggemann, 2016, 3. 7).

2. Homestead
The homestead is in fact two homesteads connected via a covered link:
a) 1897 homestead
Stone, square, verandah all around.

b) second homestead (Inter-war, c.1935)

The homestead retains elements from each stage of its history in archaeological or standing form. It is important documents of the long history of station operations, and a potential research resource in terms of its archaeological values (Freeman, 1997).

3. Shearers Quarters (1955)
Located south-east of the homestead complex and north of Thomson's Creek, complex of three structures:
a) Shearer's Quarters (1955);
b) Kitchen
c)

The shearers quarters retains elements from each stage of its history in archaeological or standing form. It is important documents of the long history of station operations, and a potential research resource in terms of its archaeological values (Freeman, 1997).

4. Woolshed
Located south-east of the homestead complex across (south of) Thomson's Creek near the suspension bridge

5. Woolscours
The woolscour has been well researched, and is still the only 19th century station-based scour demonstrated to have survived largely intact. While comparative research is still patchy, the Mount Wood woolscour appears to be a rare survival of a once common pastoral technology, critical to the settlement of the pastoral frontier.

5. Vehicle Shed
c1960s shed on a concrete slab and pier foundation, supported by 100mm round painted steel pipe posts with dooden rafters and battens, clad in painted corrugated iron. Roughly 20.7m long, 9.7m deep and 2.5m high. Wooden roof support structure (battens and beams) (Brueggemann, 2016, 4).

6. Outstations

7. Archaeological Sites

8. Ruins
Include shed base (beside Vehicle Shed); former approach track (towards garden and homestead); tanik base (near generator shed)

9. Standing Structures
Include (in a cluster around the stables:
Gallows (1960s); dog kennels (c.1960); horse yards (1960s); cow bail; stables (1960s); generator shed (1955); fuel shed (1955); metal racks; g.i.tank; blacksmith's shop and workshop (c.1920); pump (1930s); and vehicle shed (see 5 above).

And include (in a cluster around the homestead):
Laundry and store (1958); kitchen (1939); meat house; saddle room; stone cistern (1897); station tanks (4); g.i. fence; stone hut (c1890); poultry runs; radio aerial.

And (to the left of the homestead and stables complex (in plan), site of radio aerial arrays.


The individual elements vary in age, but even the most recent are located upon traditional sites of pastoral operations, and an unusually complete representative sample of the elements typical of pastoral stations survives, as archaeological sites, ruins, standing structures or landscape features (Freeman, 1997, V.1, 51)
Current use: National Park (Historic Site)
Former use: Farm station

History

Historical notes: Expeditions were made through the area in Australia's early history. These include: 1) Charles Sturt (1847-48) undertook and expedition into central Australia during which the party was stranded for several months at both Fort Grey and Depot Glenn (near Milparinka); 2) Burke and Wills (1860-61). This expedition passed northwards through the eastern section of the Park (probably Mount Wood)(AHC, ).

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Agriculture-Activities relating to the cultivation and rearing of plant and animal species, usually for commercial purposes, can include aquaculture Clearing land for farming-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Agriculture-Activities relating to the cultivation and rearing of plant and animal species, usually for commercial purposes, can include aquaculture Ancillary structures - wells, cisterns-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Agriculture-Activities relating to the cultivation and rearing of plant and animal species, usually for commercial purposes, can include aquaculture Attempting to transplant European farming practices to Australian environments-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Agriculture-Activities relating to the cultivation and rearing of plant and animal species, usually for commercial purposes, can include aquaculture Rural Estates-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Environment - cultural landscape-Activities associated with the interactions between humans, human societies and the shaping of their physical surroundings Landscapes and countryside of rural charm-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Environment - cultural landscape-Activities associated with the interactions between humans, human societies and the shaping of their physical surroundings Landscapes of food production-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Pastoralism-Activities associated with the breeding, raising, processing and distribution of livestock for human use Developing stock blood lines - merino sheep-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Pastoralism-Activities associated with the breeding, raising, processing and distribution of livestock for human use Agisting and fattening stock for slaughter-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Pastoralism-Activities associated with the breeding, raising, processing and distribution of livestock for human use pastoral homestead-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Pastoralism-Activities associated with the breeding, raising, processing and distribution of livestock for human use Modifying landscapes to increase productivity-

Procedures /Exemptions

Section of actDescriptionTitleCommentsAction date
21(1)(b)Conservation Plan submitted for endorsementMount Wood Station Complex consists of 5 separate documents, Vol 1, Vol 2 pt 1, Vol 2 pt 2, Vol 3, Vol 4 - conservation policies are in Vol 4 *Note additional policies concerning review of the CMP added into Vol. 4 15/2/2002 Dec 16 1999
57(2)Exemption to allow workStandard Exemptions SCHEDULE OF STANDARD EXEMPTIONS
HERITAGE ACT 1977
Notice of Order Under Section 57 (2) of the Heritage Act 1977

I, the Minister for Planning, pursuant to subsection 57(2) of the Heritage Act 1977, on the recommendation of the Heritage Council of New South Wales, do by this Order:

1. revoke the Schedule of Exemptions to subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act made under subsection 57(2) and published in the Government Gazette on 22 February 2008; and

2. grant standard exemptions from subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act 1977, described in the Schedule attached.

FRANK SARTOR
Minister for Planning
Sydney, 11 July 2008

To view the schedule click on the Standard Exemptions for Works Requiring Heritage Council Approval link below.
Sep 5 2008

PDF Standard exemptions for works requiring Heritage Council approval

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - State Heritage Register 0100102 Apr 99 271546
Heritage Act - s.170 NSW State agency heritage registerNPWS s170 register 27 Sep 16   

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
National Parks & Wildlife Service Section 170 Register  National Parks & Wildlife Service  No

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenBrueggemann, Johann Keno2016Heritage s57(2) Exemption application - Mount Wood Vehicle Shed - SHR no. 01001

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

rez
(Click on thumbnail for full size image and image details)

Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Heritage Office
Database number: 5014101


Every effort has been made to ensure that information contained in the State Heritage Inventory is correct. If you find any errors or omissions please send your comments to the Database Manager.

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