Oyster Cove Gasworks Remains | NSW Environment & Heritage

Culture and heritage


Oyster Cove Gasworks Remains

Item details

Name of item: Oyster Cove Gasworks Remains
Type of item: Built
Primary address: , Waverton, NSW 2060
Local govt. area: North Sydney
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
 WavertonNorth Sydney  Primary Address

Statement of significance:

Remaining structures were part of the largest coal gas manufacturing works on the North Shore and one of the largest in Australia. The structures illustrate aspects of this technology. The Coal Store was a massive structure, a local landmark and of interest technologically. It has been demolished. Other structures have been stripped of equipment but retain architectural interest.

Heritage Inventory sheets are often not comprehensive, and should be regarded as a general guide only. Inventory sheets are based on information available, and often do not include information on landscape significance, interiors or the social history of sites and buildings. Inventory sheets are updated by Council as further information becomes available. An inventory sheet with little information may simply indicate that there has been no building work done to the item recently: it does not mean that items are not significant. Further research is always recommended as part of preparation of development proposals for heritage items, and is necessary in preparation of Heritage Impact Assessments and Conversation Management Plans, so that the significance of heritage items can be fully assessed prior to submitting development applications.
Date significance updated: 22 Jul 13
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.


Physical description: The remaining structures on site are the Boiler House, the Exhauster House, the Carburetted Water Gas Plant and the Chimney. These are to be included in the landscaping of a recreation area. Wharfage remains largely in place. The interior of these buildings is also of signiifcance as is their setting.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Date condition updated:13 May 11
Further information: The industrial character of the site is to be retained. Any adaptations should not domesticate or reduce the scale of the heritage items. Fencing or enclosing by means of landscaping should be kept to a minimum to ensure that the open industrial character is retained. There should be no car parking structures in the immediate vicinity of the structures.


Historical notes: There was continuous industrial usage of this site from the 1860s to the late 1980s. Robey's Sugar Works first operated on the site, taken over by the Colonial Sugar Refinery Co., and in the late 1860s the Australian Mineral Oil Co. established a kerosene works on the site, to treat kerosene shale and handle imported case oil. The adjacent part of Sydney Harbour was consequently known as Kerosene Bay. From approx. 1889-91, part of the site also used by the Neokratine Safety Explosive Co of N.S.W., in the old CSR buildings. The North Shore Gas Co, formed in 1875, took over the site in 1912, Construction of the new gasworks took place 1913-1917, and the site was operational (at least partly) until 1987. Wondakiah residential development in progress in 1998.

Brett Whiteley had a studio located in the the Coal Store called the Old Gas Works Studio during 1971-1973. The building has since been demolished for the development of the Wondakiah estate. The large internal space however, was suitable for the creation of large scaled and multi-panelled works such as 'Alchemy'.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Industry-Activities associated with the manufacture, production and distribution of goods (none)-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Transport-Activities associated with the moving of people and goods from one place to another, and systems for the provision of such movements (none)-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria f)
This item is assessed as historically rare regionally. This item is assessed as aesthetically rare statewide.
SHR Criteria g)
This item is assessed as socially representative regionally.
Integrity/Intactness: _
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.


Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Regional Environmental Plan     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
North Sydney Heritage Study Review19930696Tony Brassil, Robert Irving, Chris Pratten, Conybeare MorrisonTB January 1992 Yes

References, internet links & images


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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 2180696

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