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Coal River Precinct

Location: Nobby's Road, Newcastle, NSW 2300

Constructed: 1804-1960

Newcastle's best heritage attraction with a museum, tunnels, cannons, shop and spectacular harbour/beach views. It is the site of convict coalmines, established in 1799, which makes it Australia's first industrial site, as well as being Newcastle's maritime signalling station for coastal shipping during the early 1800s. The Fort and cannons, positioned to protect the harbour, were established by Colonel Scratchley in the 1880s and the tunnel complex and barracks were restored and fortified during both World War I and World War II. In World War II, during the surprise submarine attack on Newcastle in June 1942, this site became the only coastal fort to have fired at an enemy.

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Name of item: Coal River Precinct
Other name/s: Fort Scratchley, Nobby's Head, Convict Lumberyard site, Macquarie Pier, Breakwater, Nobby's Beach
Type of item: Complex / Group
Collection: Landscape - Cultural
Category: Historic Landscape
Location: Nobby's Road, Newcastle, NSW 2300
Local Govt: Newcastle
Constructed: 1804-1960
Current use: Cultural Tourism; Maritime Museum (Fort); Artillery Museum (Fort); breakwater
Former use: Coastal & harbour defence; coal mine; breakwater