Culture and heritage

Heritage of NSW


The NPWS manages the largest and most diverse collection of historic coastal defence sites in Australia. These include:

  • dozens of gun batteries and emplacements
  • defensive works such as ditches, military roads, barbed wire entanglements and forts
  • support facilities including barracks and amenities
  • many other purpose-built or adapted military structures.

Some of these sites date to the first half of the 19th century. They are among the oldest buildings and structures in their localities. Many have been registered by the National Trust or have been classified as nationally significant on the Register of the National Estate.

Defence heritage in & around Sydney Harbour
Trace the haphazard history of Sydney's defences, from the early days of the colony to World War II.

Gun emplacements on Tomaree Head, Port Stephens
These historic military installations are part of the history of Tomaree National Park.

Page last updated: 26 February 2011