Nature conservation

Threatened species

Blue Mountains Shale Cap Forest in the Sydney Basin Bioregion



Justification for allocation to this management stream

This is a threatened ecological community.

Management areas and sites across NSW

Critical actions for this ecological community

The key threats to the viability of landscape-managed ecological communities are loss, fragmentation and degradation of habitat, and widespread pervasive factors such as impacts of climate change. Many of these threats are addressed by NSW planning, native vegetation, and biodiversity legislation, policy and programs including the offsets program (BioBanking, NSW Biodiversity Offsets Policy for Major Projects), Biodiversity Certification, management of environmental water and reservation under the National Parks and Wildlife Act 1974.

Threats to this ecological community are outlined here.

The actions listed in the action toolbox are supplementary to NSW legislation, policy and programs and can be used by stakeholders, where applicable to guide management at a site, regional or state scale.

Action toolbox

Action DescriptionScale
Increase the size of the BMSCF habitat through re-vegetation and rehabilitation of the site and establishing ecological corridors in the fragmented landscape and create connectivity to maintain the ecological integrity of the plant community. Liaise with land manager / landholder to protect the ecological community on their land and discourage inappropriate land management practices. Provide incentives to private landholder to undertake bush regeneration and establish corridors.Site
Engage with the local holders, community groups and schools to raise awareness about the significance of the BMSCF and advocate sympathetic land management practices to secure the community in the long term. Organise education events and print brochures to disseminate the important information of saving and protecting the BMSCF in the landscape. Augment with existing LLS work in establishing community based restoration project to regenerate and reconnect fragments.. Provide EIA advice to consent and planning authorities to ensure adequate survey and impact assessment is undertaken, while considering planning / development applications.Site
Mark out the signature species of BMSCF within site to ensure no slashing and spraying and under scrubbing occurs in this area. Educate private land owners and raise awareness about the standard agricultural practices, that are sympathetic to the existence of the BMSCF. Publicise prosecutions of illegal clearing or modification of BMSCF.Site
In consultation with fire management experts, develop and implement effective fire management plan with optimal management regimes to understand the role of fire in maintaining the ecological integrity of the BMSCF. Liaise with private landholders and other fire management authorities to ensure they are aware of the BMSCF significance and sensitivity to burning, and advocate appropriate burning regimes. Incorporate mechanical disturbance on the site to ignite fire and encourage germination. Mitigate climate change through appropriate fire regime management. Site
Develop and implement ongoing adaptive weed management program, including physical and chemical control of weeds (spot spraying and fine scale weed control) and bush regeneration. Ensure the consideration of impacts on BMBF when enforcing noxious weed or pest species control, particularly the non-target damage from fertiliser/pesticide. Engage effectively with land owners, local council, LLS, RMS, NPWS and other government agency's staff to promote vehicle operational hygiene when working in or adjacent to this TEC, to minimise the risk of weed and soil pathogens introduction or spread. Engage with the local Weed Committees as well, to notify landholders and implement ‘Good Neighbor' program and incentive programs such as Swap Weeds for native species.Site
Install signage, QR codes, code numbers for management of trails and green postsSite
Liaise with RMS, Councils, NPWS and FCNSW about best-practice erosion reduction processes to stop erosion from road and trail works, including cutting of road edges and maintenance, and implement measures to contain the runoff.Site
Protect remnants by fencing and installing barriers to prevent incursion of livestock and pest animals. Investigate incentives for private landholder for exclusion fencing, facility relocation and post exclusion.Site
Prepare and implement community awareness, education and involvement strategies. Undertake land owner workshops on environmentally responsible land management. Liaise with Local Land Services in regard to land management on private land including spraying, and use of chemicals and the review of orchard watering practices to prevent runoff into surrounding BMSCF habitat. Educate landholders regarding importance of flying foxes, and possibly look at a netting subsidy.Site
Educate and raise awareness with land managers and land owners about the harmful effect of various pathogens on BMSCF. Encourage spraying appropriate pesticides on vehicles (including boot) and along fire and management trails to prevent the incursion or spread of diseases. Limit site access and movement through access barriers and install spraying/gravel stations in areas where access into BMSCF patches is possible. Introduce monitoring and treat diseases immediately if detected or reported.Site
Liaise with local council and other law enforcement agencies to ensure that illegal dumping laws are enforced effectively at the site. Engage with the local community in educating them about the impact of rubbish dumping and firewood collection on the environment. Limit vehicle access to sites to deter rubbish dumping and removal of large logs and woody debris. Install security fence to prevent people / vehicular access to the site. Install permanent interpretational sign to inform the public about the importance and sensitivity of the BMSCF to disturbance from illegal dumping and firewood collectionSite
Mark out the signature species of BMSCF within site to ensure no slashing and spraying, and under scrubbing occurs in this area. Community liaison to educate and raise awareness about the standard agricultural practises, that are sympathetic to the existence of the BMSCF. Publicise prosecutions of illegal clearing or modification of BMSCF.Site
Encourage habitat protection through landholder stewardship agreements to maintain or enhance the BMSCF and its habitat. Ensure that land management at the site is secured for conservation purposes and /or sympathetic to the BMSCF requirements in the long-term. Restrict intensification of in-appropriate land uses through local government planning control.Site
Survey potential sites for presence of TEC and map its current extent, and identify key remnants for conservation, potentially using RAPD method - to check for the reliability of mapped remnants. Design a monitoring plan in consultation with OEH Science Branch to determine changes in the composition, structure and condition of the BMSCF over a period of time, to understand the effects of non-compatible land use practices. Site

How will this ecological community be managed?

Key management sites for this ecological community are being identified by the NSW Government and other program partners, where feasible, cost-effective and beneficial management actions can be undertaken. Currently, 6 management sites have been identified for this ecological community.

Management sites

Click on column headers to sort
Site nameSite typeStatusLocal government area (LGA)
Dean Reserve Priority management siteActive Blue Mountains 
Else Mitchell Reserve Priority management siteActive  
Patterson Reserve Priority management siteActive  
Baxland War Memorial Reserve Priority management siteActive  
Wascoe Reserve Priority management siteActive  
Bilpin/Bell Range Priority Area Priority management siteActive  

Are you or is someone you know doing conservation work for this ecological community or in this area?

Contact us to tell us about the work. Your input will help OEH evaluate the status of threatened ecological communities and provide a broader picture of conservation work across NSW.