Nature conservation

Threatened species

Bush Stone-curlew (Burhinus grallarius)

Saving our Species strategy

This species has been assigned to the Landscape species management stream under the Saving our Species (SoS) program.

Justification for allocation to this management stream

This species is distributed across relatively large areas and is subject to threatening processes that generally act at the landscape scale (e.g. habitat loss or degradation) rather than at distinct, defineable locations.

Conservation status

Management objectives

This SoS strategy aims to ensure that the species is secure in the wild in NSW and that its NSW geographic range is extended or maintained and maintain its conservation status under the BC Act.

Species sightings and management sites across NSW

The map below displays the species’ distribution in NSW, based upon the species’ geographic range, habitat distribution or area of occupancy (to as high a resolution as available data allow, using a range of data sources).

Information about the species’ habitat and ecology is available here.

The map may also display one or more management sites where management of important populations is underway. More information is available in the tables below.


The species occurs in the following IBRA (Interim Biogeographic Regionalisation for Australia) regions in NSW:

NSW North Coast
NSW South Western Slopes
South Eastern Queensland
Sydney Basin

Proportion of the species' distribution on reserve

5% of the species' distribution occurs on reserve (within NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service estate).

Critical actions for this species

The key threats to the viability of landscape-managed species are loss, fragmentation and degradation of habitat, and widespread pervasive factors such as impacts of climate change and disease. Many of these threats are addressed by NSW planning, native vegetation, and biodiversity legislation, policy and programs including the offsets program (BioBanking, NSW Biodiversity Offsets Policy for Major Projects), Biodiversity Certification, management of environmental water and reservation under the National Parks and Wildlife Act 1974.

Threats to this species are outlined here.

The actions listed in the action toolbox are supplementary to NSW legislation, policy and programs and can be used by stakeholders, where applicable to guide management at a site, regional or state scale.

Action toolbox

Action DescriptionScale
Undertake research into bush stone-curlew ecology, particularly examining micro and macro-habitat requirements, home range, dispersal characteristics and population dynamics, as well as the impacts of predation by exotic vertebrate predators (e.g. foxes and cats). Site, Area
Negotiate with landholders on land with known or potential habitat (i.e., remnant grassy woodland and open forest with sparse shrub layer, scattered debris and leaf litter) to enter into agreements (preferably in-perpetuity covenants or stewardship agreements) to retain and manage these areas.Site
Encourage the retention of woody ground debris. Raise public awareness of the impact of firewood collection, cleaning up, and fuel reduction burns on this critical resource. Promote the retention of large old trees that have the potential to contribute woody ground debris via the shedding of limbs. Site
Raise awareness among landholders of the importance of protecting active nests where they are identified on grazing land (e.g. using temporary electric fencing). Encourage landholders to maintain habitat values in sites that have been used for nesting previously. Site
Raise awareness among local communities and landholders in areas where the species is known to occur, about the species’ importance, and encourage people to report sightings and monitor breeding events on their land. Area
Raise awareness among the agricultural community of the potential negative impacts of pesticides on wildlife, and encourage the use of Metarhizium for locust control within a 2km radius around bush stone-curlew nesting sites and habitat. Site
Undertake restoration of woodland habitat where the species is known to occur and nest, that has been infested by weeds, particularly invasive pasture grasses, to reduce the density of the ground layer. Site

How will this species be managed?

Key management sites for this threatened species are being identified by the NSW Government and other program partners, where feasible, cost-effective and beneficial management actions can be undertaken. Currently, no management sites have been identified for this threatened species.

Are you or is someone you know doing conservation work for this species or in this area?

Contact us to tell us about the work. Your input will help OEH evaluate the status of threatened species and provide a broader picture of conservation work across NSW.