Nature conservation

Threatened species

Cumberland Plain Woodland in the Sydney Basin Bioregion



Saving our Species strategy

This ecological community has been assigned to the Ecological community (widespread) management stream under the Saving our Species (SoS) program.

Justification for allocation to this management stream

This is a threatened ecological community.

Conservation status

Management objectives

The SoS strategy aims to maximise the viability of the ecological community and maintain its conservation status under the BC Act.

Management areas and sites across NSW

Critical actions for this ecological community

The key threats to the viability of landscape-managed ecological communities are loss, fragmentation and degradation of habitat, and widespread pervasive factors such as impacts of climate change. Many of these threats are addressed by NSW planning, native vegetation, and biodiversity legislation, policy and programs including the offsets program (BioBanking, NSW Biodiversity Offsets Policy for Major Projects), Biodiversity Certification, management of environmental water and reservation under the National Parks and Wildlife Act 1974.

Threats to this ecological community are outlined here.

The actions listed in the action toolbox are supplementary to NSW legislation, policy and programs and can be used by stakeholders, where applicable to guide management at a site, regional or state scale.

Action toolbox

Action DescriptionScale
Determine any impacts from foxes and cats and identify sites prior to undertaking any control. Site
Liaise with the NSW Roads and Maritime Authority, local Council, private developers, consultants and ecologists to consider the impacts on the TEC when designing cuttings and to include it in their technical guidelines. This may include workshops with engineers and other relevant people to increase awareness and consideration of the TEC when designing and building works including impacts on surface and sub-surface hydrology and the use of wildlife sensitive crossings. State, Area
Consult with landholders about participating in conservation agreements (preferably long-term in perpetuity) to protect the TEC on their property. Site
Retrofit the design of existing culverts to improve habitat for fauna. Discourage the use of fences that prevent wildlife movement. Encourage land managers to consider incorporating wildlife corridors, avenues and crossings when designing new infrastructure. Site
Identify blackspots on roads and install signage which includes the number of a local wildlife rescue group. Site
Revegetate cleared areas of the TEC following Australian Native Plant Conservation guidelines and update the NSW Government publication "Recovering Bushland on the Cumberland Plain". Promote the NSW Government Environment Line to report any unauthorised clearing or damage to the TEC. Site
To prevent damage and disturbance by visitors, manage access to tracks (including vehicular and pedestrian) through the installation of deterrent signage, bollards, gates, and/or fencing at strategic locations. Encourage natural re-vegetation or re-vegetate following any track closure. Site
Undertake mosaic burning with larger patches not small ones. Fire intensity should be variable, depending on the site as should the fire interval. Site
Provide residents with the TEC on their property with information about fauna that depend on the woodland as well as threats to the community such as human disturbance, weeds, psyllids, fire and grazing. This may be done through the distribution of relevant publications, erecting interpretive signs at strategic locations, school programs and establishing a demonstration site for Cumberland Plain Woodland. Area, Site
Encourage local nurseries to stock Cumberland Plain Woodland species, particularly flowering varieties suitable to gardens. Provide advice with maps on topography and soil information for landscaping approaches. Continue Council native plant giveaways and distribution of species lists. Area
Liaise with land managers to provide advice on bush regeneration contracts so that they take into account maintaining plantings during dry periods. This may include watering plantings or over-planting and/or direct seeding. Site, Area
Discourage the use of chemical treatment (as it kills beneficial insects also) and instead use target spray diactomaceous earth if control is required. Encourage retaining leaf litter, ground-covers and shrubs under one meter. Site, Area
Implement best practice measures to control, prevent and restore Bell Miner Associated Dieback. Follow recommendations in "An independent review of bell miner associated dieback - Final Report, June 2017" by Knowledge Ecology commissioned by NSW government. http://www.environment.nsw.gov.au/resources/vegetation/bell-miner-associated-dieback-independent-review.pdf Site
Opportunistically monitor sites with spotted gum for signs of the disease. Encourage landholders to monitor and report any outbreaks to the Saving our Species mailbox. Site
Continue investigations into the death of trees caused by fungus following borers and develop options for prevention and/or treatment. Site, Area
Undertake ecological burns where possible following weed removal. Investigate options of cultural burning. Site
Encourage land managers to use periodic grazing by cattle and goats in weed affected areas to exhaust the seedbanks of appropriate weeds (e.g. use cattle as follow up to primary weed control of African Olive). Site
Work with transport infrastructure providers and landholders to restrict the spread of weeds, particularly along railway lines and roadsides, and to control weeds on their properties. Area, Site
Undertake weed control using the most appropriate methods to suit differing conditions and schedule regular follow up work. North of the M4 is a priority area to target for African Olive weed control to limit its spread and undertake early cost-effective intervention. Site

How will this ecological community be managed?

Key management sites for this ecological community are being identified by the NSW Government and other program partners, where feasible, cost-effective and beneficial management actions can be undertaken. Currently, 5 management sites have been identified for this ecological community.

Management sites

Click on column headers to sort
Site nameSite typeStatusLocal government area (LGA)
Scheyville National Park Priority management siteActive Hawkesbury 
Wianamatta Regional Park Priority management siteActive Blacktown, Penrith 
Prospect Nature Reserve Priority management siteActive Blacktown 
Leacock Regional Park Contributing site (regional priority)Proposed Liverpool 
Edmondson Regional Park Contributing site (regional priority)Proposed Liverpool 

Are you or is someone you know doing conservation work for this ecological community or in this area?

Contact us to tell us about the work. Your input will help OEH evaluate the status of threatened ecological communities and provide a broader picture of conservation work across NSW.