Nature conservation

Threatened species

Shale Sandstone Transition Forest in the Sydney Basin Bioregion



Justification for allocation to this management stream

This is a threatened ecological community.

Management areas and sites across NSW

Critical actions for this ecological community

The key threats to the viability of landscape-managed ecological communities are loss, fragmentation and degradation of habitat, and widespread pervasive factors such as impacts of climate change. Many of these threats are addressed by NSW planning, native vegetation, and biodiversity legislation, policy and programs including the offsets program (BioBanking, NSW Biodiversity Offsets Policy for Major Projects), Biodiversity Certification, management of environmental water and reservation under the National Parks and Wildlife Act 1974.

Threats to this ecological community are outlined here.

The actions listed in the action toolbox are supplementary to NSW legislation, policy and programs and can be used by stakeholders, where applicable to guide management at a site, regional or state scale.

Action toolbox

Action DescriptionScale
Provide deer hunters and deer farmers with information about the problems caused by introduced populations of feral deer, appropriate fencing for deer farms and laws around the unlawful release of domestic deer and other livestock into the wild. State, Area, Site
Tag domestic deer on farms so they can be tracked back to farmers if they escape. State, Area, Site
Monitor for deer, particularly in new areas, and undertake appropriate and humane control where necessary ensuring that any culling program is communicated to land managers. State, Area, Site
Implement a water sensitive design, particularly for new developments, throughout the whole catchment area that benefit the TEC such as the planting of buffer zones to trap nutrients and the design and installation of detention basins that have an ecological value so that hydrology is improved. Encourage Councils and other land managers to plan holistically when installing detention basins. State
Reduce disturbance from mountain bike activity through engaging with relevant peak groups and educating the mountain biking community, as well as rehabilitating disturbed areas. State, Area, Site
Install interpretative signage in National Parks and Council reserves/parks to educate the community about the TEC and threats caused by recreational users. Recommend using children's artwork for interpretative signs as a deterrent to vandalisation of signs. Can be linked to local school programs for threatened species action. Site, Area
To prevent damage and disturbance by visitors, manage access to tracks through the installation of bollards, gates, fencing and/or surveillance cameras at strategic locations and/or the use of deterrent signage. Site, Area
Encourage landholders/managers to engage in early weed identification and intervention, and to implement prevention measures using current best management practices. Site, Area
Undertake weed monitoring and control in TEC remnants following unplanned burning events. State
Control weeds, particularly in areas of intensive invasion (priority weed zones), using the most appropriate methods to suit differing conditions and reduce off-target damage. Site, Area
Liaise with NSW Rural Fire Service and volunteers about the importance of the TEC and advise that it is included in fire management plans and that ecological burns are considered in important remnants rather than hazard reduction burns. Area, State
Undertake and monitor small ecological patch burns in the distinct forms of the TEC (i.e. wet sclerophyll, characteristic and dry variants) to inform fire thresholds required by the TEC across its range. This can be established by creating monitoring plots and surveying these areas systematically before, immediately after and periodically after fire (e.g. every two months or seasonally). Results of fire research to be provided to NSW Rural Fire Service to update the Hazard Reduction Threatened Species list and inform future fire planning within the TEC. Site, Area
Implement landowner and broader community engagement programs and promote caring for your backyard around the TEC (where and what it is as well as threats impacting on it) including pamphlets, good media-stories, threatened species tours/walks, local landcare programs in reserves and welcome kits for new residents. Area
Promote sustainable land management practices and the benefits of biodiversity including the development and use of a sustainable farming demonstration site e.g. Elizabeth Macarthur Agricultural Institute. Area
Provide land managers with information about indigenous plantings in reserves, backyards and road side space i.e. street trees. Area
Ensure wild stock seed is collected for all suitable species within the TEC and kept in Council nurseries, Mt Annan plant bank facility and NSW Herbarium for propagation and revegetation programs. Area, Site
Develop a guide/program for revegetation that will include information on native historic and endemic vegetation that can be used for replanting. Area
Identify key areas to increase linkages throughout the TEC. Prepare revegetation/restoration management plans to improve connectivity in these areas. Encourage/support land managers/ land care groups to conduct regeneration and restoration programs in cleared areas adjacent to remnant TEC vegetation. Area
Consult with landholders about participating in conservation agreements (preferably long-term in perpetuity) to protect the TEC on their property. Area, Site
Conduct targeted surveys of the TEC to interpret the geological, soil, aspect and species composition of each community (Sydney Hinterland Transition Forest, Coastal Shale Sandstone Transition Forest and Shale Sandstone Transition Forest). Improve the understanding of how the TEC is identified, its boundaries and the characteristic features that separate the communities. Site, Area

How will this ecological community be managed?

Key management sites for this ecological community are being identified by the NSW Government and other program partners, where feasible, cost-effective and beneficial management actions can be undertaken. Currently, 3 management sites have been identified for this ecological community.

Management sites

Click on column headers to sort
Site nameSite typeStatusLocal government area (LGA)
Diamond Hill Reserve Priority management siteActive Hawkesbury 
Matheson Park Priority management siteActive  
Singletons Reserve Priority management siteActive  

Are you or is someone you know doing conservation work for this ecological community or in this area?

Contact us to tell us about the work. Your input will help OEH evaluate the status of threatened ecological communities and provide a broader picture of conservation work across NSW.