Nature conservation

Threatened species

White Box - Yellow Box - Blakely’s Red Gum Grassy Woodland and Derived Native Grassland



Justification for allocation to this management stream

This is a threatened ecological community.

Management areas and sites across NSW

Critical actions for this ecological community

The key threats to the viability of landscape-managed ecological communities are loss, fragmentation and degradation of habitat, and widespread pervasive factors such as impacts of climate change. Many of these threats are addressed by NSW planning, native vegetation, and biodiversity legislation, policy and programs including the offsets program (BioBanking, NSW Biodiversity Offsets Policy for Major Projects), Biodiversity Certification, management of environmental water and reservation under the National Parks and Wildlife Act 1974.

Threats to this ecological community are outlined here.

The actions listed in the action toolbox are supplementary to NSW legislation, policy and programs and can be used by stakeholders, where applicable to guide management at a site, regional or state scale.

Action toolbox

Action DescriptionScale
Identify and map derived native groundcover remnants to inform future restoration and management. Site
Supplement lost timber with other woody debris, such as debris from approved clearing impacts. Site
Control perennial exotic grasses and forbs. Undertake staged removal of exotic woody weeds and replace with appropriate native species as required. Site
Where appropriate, increase woodland patch sizes and condition, and reconnect fragmented patches using appropriate landscape configurations, plant species and provenances. Enhance structural complexity and remnant size/configuration. Encourage restoration projects to use genetic material of appropriate provenance in plantings. Undertake connectivity and restoration planting to provide functional habitat to ensure predation of leaf eating insects by insectivores is occurring at a functional rate. Buffer prone areas with appropriate shrub/tree plantings of a sufficient density to mitigate the impacts of blown-on nutrients. Undertake fine scale intervention within remnants such as planting specific species to take up nutrients. Site
Assist interested landholders to contribute to the recovery of the TEC. Site, Area, State
Provide landholders with information on appropriate plantings and direct seeding (spacing, provenance, design etc.). Define locally appropriate groundcover condition indices to inform decisions around appropriate grazing regimes. Site, State, Area
Consult with landholders about long-term protection and/or restoration via mechanisms such as private land conservation agreements and other conservation mechanisms. Site, State, Area
Undertake strategic, coordinated feral predator control of foxes and feral cats, particularly at sites with known key threatened fauna populations that are at risk of predation. Undertake coordinated management of feral pigs, goats, horses, deer and other feral herbivores in line with best management practice. Site, Area
Install fencing and signage as required to reduce impacts and educate the public on damage associated with recreational activities, dumping and other anthropogenic activities such as firewood collection and 'cleaning up'. Site
Manage total grazing pressure to enhance abundance/diversity of relevant indicator species. Where appropriate, exclude grazing stock from box-gum woodland remnants to allow improvement in ground cover diversity and structure. Site
Quantify the prevalence of feral European Honeybee colonies in hollow-bearing trees in priority box-gum woodland remnants to determine if they pose a significant threat to the community and/or specific threatened species. Where European Honeybees are determined to be a critical threat, remove the colonies. Site
Seek involvement with indigenous groups to provide the multiple benefit of cultural and ecological burning where appropriate. Site, Area
Provide landholders with the TEC on their property with information about maintaining fallen timber and dead trees, early weed identification and management, the impacts of pest fauna species, the legal requirements for harvesting firewood and apiary management in areas containing box-gum woodland. Site, Area, State
Provide landholders and community groups (e.g. Landcare) with information relating to avoidance of fertiliser application in certain areas near TEC remnants, avoiding collecting firewood from remnants and issues regarding seed collection and maintaining appropriate provenance records to guide restoration projects. Site, Area, State
Conduct further research into the efficacy of large-scale Noisy Miner ecological culling, particularly at sites which are in close proximity to known populations of threatened woodland birds that will maximise the likelihood of these species returning to treatment sites. Site
Fence off (using wildlife-friendly fencing) around senescent paddock trees, protect regeneration and undertake replacement plantings as required in areas where trees are being lost through attrition. Site
Determine appropriate fire regimes across different examples of the TEC across its distribution. State, Area
Increase protection of old growth living and dead trees from wildfire and management fires, including those in paddock tree situations. Site
Conduct ecological burns in selected areas, in partnership with land managers and NSW Rural Fire Service. Site, Area, State

How will this ecological community be managed?

Key management sites for this ecological community are being identified by the NSW Government and other program partners, where feasible, cost-effective and beneficial management actions can be undertaken. Currently, 10 management sites have been identified for this ecological community.

Management sites

Click on column headers to sort
Site nameSite typeStatusLocal government area (LGA)
Cowra Maintenance Priority management siteActive Cowra 
Dananbilla - Illunie area Priority management siteActive Cowra, Hilltops, Weddin 
South West Slopes Priority management siteActive Hilltops, Upper Lachlan Shire, Yass Valley 
Southern Reserves Priority management siteActive Cootamundra-Gundagai Regional, Greater Hume Shire, Hilltops, Junee, Queanbeyan-Palerang Regional, Snowy Valleys, Upper Lachlan Shire, Wagga Wagga 
Tarcutta Hills Priority management siteActive Wagga Wagga 
Bungendore Region Travelling Stock Routes Priority management siteActive Queanbeyan-Palerang Regional 
Googong-Burra Region Priority management siteActive Queanbeyan-Palerang Regional, Snowy Monaro Regional 
Woodleigh Block Priority management siteProposed  
Cowra Enhancement Priority management siteActive  
Cowra Revegetation Priority management siteProposed  

Are you or is someone you know doing conservation work for this ecological community or in this area?

Contact us to tell us about the work. Your input will help OEH evaluate the status of threatened ecological communities and provide a broader picture of conservation work across NSW.