Nature conservation

Threatened species

Coastal Saltmarsh in the New South Wales North Coast, Sydney Basin and South East Corner Bioregions

Justification for allocation to this management stream

This is a threatened ecological community.

Management areas and sites across NSW

Critical actions for this ecological community

The key threats to the viability of landscape-managed ecological communities are loss, fragmentation and degradation of habitat, and widespread pervasive factors such as impacts of climate change. Many of these threats are addressed by NSW planning, native vegetation, and biodiversity legislation, policy and programs including the offsets program (BioBanking, NSW Biodiversity Offsets Policy for Major Projects), Biodiversity Certification, management of environmental water and reservation under the National Parks and Wildlife Act 1974.

Threats to this ecological community are outlined here.

The actions listed in the action toolbox are supplementary to NSW legislation, policy and programs and can be used by stakeholders, where applicable to guide management at a site, regional or state scale.

Action toolbox

Action DescriptionScale
Identify and prioritise protection of adjacent land of suitable elevation and land use where the TEC can migrate to in response to sea level rise. Investigate ways of promoting saltmarsh persistence in the future. Mangrove removal should only be considered where it is a viable long-term option. Site, Area, State
Develop and implement an ongoing adaptive weed management program. Site
Provide information to Local Government about potential damage to saltmarsh in coastal reserves and sensitive design of recreational infrastructure around estuary edges. Site, Area, State
Use best practise to manage stormwater impacts on saltmarsh. Where appropriate consider TEC restoration and protection in stormwater management plans and implement ecosystem sensitive design for stormwater. Site, Area
Control access points where rubbish dumping is known to occur and put signage in place to raise awareness. Where appropriate, establish surveillance systems, remove rubbish and rehabilitate areas where rubbish has been dumped. Site, Area
Manage access to tracks (including vehicle and pedestrian) through the installation of barriers, gates, and fencing at strategic locations or the use of signage outlining the TEC and impacts of activities. Where degradation has occurred, undertake rehabilitation and restoration works to repair damage. Facilitate natural revegetation where possible. Site
Undertake strategic control of pest animals using best practice methods. Site, Area
Consult with landholders about land management agreements and excluding livestock from the TEC. On-ground actions might include construction of fences to facilitate sustainable grazing outside the TEC and installing watering points outside the TEC. Site
Maintain, improve or reinstate optimal hydrological regimes (e.g. through estuary management, filling drains, removing tidal barriers and/or installing smart gates). Site, Area, State
Provide information to land managers about the ecosystem services of the TEC and the potential impacts from activities that alter the hydrological regime. Liaise with council to provide advice on considering the TEC in estuary entrance management plans and in other developments and activities that alter the hydrological regime. Site, State, Area
Identify areas that provide for saltmarsh migration. Provide information to landholders about the values of saltmarsh and the importance of protecting existing saltmarsh and saltmarsh migration pathways to ensure maintenance of ecological services. Site, Area, State

How will this ecological community be managed?

Key management sites for this ecological community are being identified by the NSW Government and other program partners, where feasible, cost-effective and beneficial management actions can be undertaken. Currently, 2 management sites have been identified for this ecological community.

Management sites

Click on column headers to sort
Site nameSite typeStatusLocal government area (LGA)
Far North Coast - Contestable grant site Priority management siteActive Ballina 
Hunter Estuary Priority management siteActive Newcastle, Port Stephens 

Are you or is someone you know doing conservation work for this ecological community or in this area?

Contact us to tell us about the work. Your input will help OEH evaluate the status of threatened ecological communities and provide a broader picture of conservation work across NSW.