Nature conservation

Threatened species

Inland Grey Box Woodland in the Riverina, NSW South Western Slopes, Cobar Peneplain, Nandewar and Brigalow Belt South Bioregions

Saving our Species strategy

This ecological community has been assigned to the Ecological community (widespread) management stream under the Saving our Species (SoS) program.

Justification for allocation to this management stream

This is a threatened ecological community.

Conservation status

Management objectives

The SoS strategy aims to maximise the viability of the ecological community and maintain its conservation status under the BC Act.

Management areas and sites across NSW

Critical actions for this ecological community

The key threats to the viability of landscape-managed ecological communities are loss, fragmentation and degradation of habitat, and widespread pervasive factors such as impacts of climate change. Many of these threats are addressed by NSW planning, native vegetation, and biodiversity legislation, policy and programs including the offsets program (BioBanking, NSW Biodiversity Offsets Policy for Major Projects), Biodiversity Certification, management of environmental water and reservation under the National Parks and Wildlife Act 1974.

Threats to this ecological community are outlined here.

The actions listed in the action toolbox are supplementary to NSW legislation, policy and programs and can be used by stakeholders, where applicable to guide management at a site, regional or state scale.

Action toolbox

Action DescriptionScale
Provide residents with the TEC on their property with information about how to identify TEC plant species as well as threats to the community such as clearing, grazing, firewood collection and weeds. This may be done through stakeholder engagement forums, information packages and other community engagement activities. Area
Consult with landholders to protect areas of TEC on their property through a management agreement or in perpetuity covenants such as Conservation Agreement. Where landholders want to protect large areas of good condition TECs encourage participation through involvement in the BCT offset scheme. Site
Encourage nurseries to collect seeds and grow seedlings from different locations and sources within the TECs distribution for one project and to keep records by providing a list of provenances to landholders buying seeds or seedlings for revegetation projects. State
Promote revegetation by landholders to reconnect areas of TEC with surrounding vegetation using buffering, corridors or stepping stones. Site, Area
Revegetate areas of the TEC with advice from Local Land Services/Landcare and use local revegetation guidelines where they are available. Area
Encourage land managers to regenerate and/or revegetate cleared areas of the TEC to improve connectivity and condition. Natural revegetation should be attempted where possible if native groundcover and some overstorey is still present. However, if replanting or direct seeding is required it should include not just canopy species but shrubs and forbs (where seed or seedlings are available). Plantings could be continuous, stepping-stone or buffering approach. Site
Provide training to landholders on how to identify weed species, what to do about them and how to implement current best management practices. Weed species include invasive grasses such as Coolatai Grass, Green Panic, Tall Rhodes Grass and African Love grass; annual grasses such as Ryegrass; woody weeds such as African Box Thorn and herbaceous weeds such as Blue Heliotrope, Verbena spp, St John's Wort, Gazania and Paddy's Lucerne. Other problematic weeds include Tiger Pear. Area
Stage removal of woody weeds as they often provide habitat for native fauna. Replace removed weeds with quick growing species such as Acacias that can provide suitable habitat. Site
Develop hygiene protocols for use at all sites regarding pathogen control. State
Develop protocols for vehicles (e.g. during roadside management) to avoid the spread of weeds. Area, Site
Allow grazing at strategic times to control annual grasses. Site
Manage grazing pressure to facilitate natural regeneration, structural diversity and manage biomass to meet conservation management objectives. This may include grazing only at certain times of the year and/or keeping areas free from grazing for periods during the year. Site
Protect areas to foster natural regeneration by excluding grazing at certain sites via exclosures. Exclosure fencing (wildlife friendly) should be done at an effective scale to include the majority of the extent of existing standing trees and to enclose the main area of soil type adequate to allow for effective regeneration & ultimately grazing management (i.e. this may require paddock or Travelling Stock Reserve subdivisions etc.). Site
Place artificial watering holes for stock outside of the TEC. Site
Protect hollow-bearing trees - dead and alive. In areas of new regeneration, consider the installation of nest boxes for fauna species to improve the ecological function. Site
Encourage landholders to retain standing dead trees, fallen trees, coarse woody debris and logs in remnants. Area
Assess the impact and density of herbivores. Control when and where necessary using a regional integrated pest management approach. Site
Undertake planting of other species as spray drift barriers around the potentially affected TEC areas e.g. Belah, Myall. Site
Restore vegetation to provide adequate structural complexity to dissuade noisy miners from becoming overabundant. Consider ecological culling where habitat augmentation has already occurred and Noisy Miners are still having a measurable impact on small woodland birds and/or tree canopy health. Site, Area
Ascertain an appropriate fire regime then review the regime used by the Rural Fire Service and work with the Rural Fire Service to align. Site, Area
Conduct targeted surveys to determine true extent of Eucalyptus microcarpa in the northern part of the TECs range. Area

How will this ecological community be managed?

Key management sites for this ecological community are being identified by the NSW Government and other program partners, where feasible, cost-effective and beneficial management actions can be undertaken. Currently, no management sites have been identified for this ecological community.

Are you or is someone you know doing conservation work for this ecological community or in this area?

Contact us to tell us about the work. Your input will help OEH evaluate the status of threatened ecological communities and provide a broader picture of conservation work across NSW.