Nature conservation

Threatened species

Scarlet Robin (Petroica boodang)

Saving our Species strategy

This species has been assigned to the Landscape species management stream under the Saving our Species (SoS) program.

Justification for allocation to this management stream

This species is distributed across relatively large areas and is subject to threatening processes that generally act at the landscape scale (e.g. habitat loss or degradation) rather than at distinct, defineable locations.

Conservation status

Management objectives

This SoS strategy aims to ensure that the species is secure in the wild in NSW and that its NSW geographic range is extended or maintained and maintain its conservation status under the BC Act.

Species sightings and management sites across NSW

The map below displays the species’ distribution in NSW, based upon the species’ geographic range, habitat distribution or area of occupancy (to as high a resolution as available data allow, using a range of data sources).

Information about the species’ habitat and ecology is available here.

The map may also display one or more management sites where management of important populations is underway. More information is available in the tables below.


The species occurs in the following IBRA (Interim Biogeographic Regionalisation for Australia) regions in NSW:

Australian Alps
Brigalow Belt South
New England Tablelands
NSW North Coast
NSW South Western Slopes
South East Corner
South Eastern Highlands
Sydney Basin

Proportion of the species' distribution on reserve

28% of the species' distribution occurs on reserve (within NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service estate).

Critical actions for this species

The key threats to the viability of landscape-managed species are loss, fragmentation and degradation of habitat, and widespread pervasive factors such as impacts of climate change and disease. Many of these threats are addressed by NSW planning, native vegetation, and biodiversity legislation, policy and programs including the offsets program (BioBanking, NSW Biodiversity Offsets Policy for Major Projects), Biodiversity Certification, management of environmental water and reservation under the National Parks and Wildlife Act 1974.

Threats to this species are outlined here.

The actions listed in the action toolbox are supplementary to NSW legislation, policy and programs and can be used by stakeholders, where applicable to guide management at a site, regional or state scale.

Action toolbox

Action DescriptionScale
Fence sites to control grazing within native woodland remnants. Site
Apply occasional strategic grazing to sites with high productivity (natural and secondary grassland and woodland on low-lying productive sites; not low productivity sites such as hillslopes) to ensure ground layer biomass does not build up; grazing should only occur in remnants in mid- to late summer and be applied by stock numbers and for periods sufficient to reduce standing live and dead matter but not to a point at which bare ground is exposed (advice from an agronomist may be sought). Site
Control biomass accumulation in productive sites by applying strategic patch burns; burning up to 5% of a site in any year, the majority of a site can be burnt on a long rotation, but unburnt refuge patches (up to 10% of a site) should be retained. Site
Apply "corridor" or "stepping-stone enclosure" (20x20m plots maximum 100m apart) plantings to reconnect patches of isolated habitat, ensuring corridors are sufficiently wide and varied in structure and composition to deter noisy miners (using a mix of canopy and mid-layer tree species, shrubs, tussocky ground layer species); this measure is particularly appropriate along riparian corridors or along existing fence lines; plantings must use locally indigenous species, appropriate to the vegetation type predicted for replanting sites. Site
Encourage landholders managing known or potential woodland and forest habitat for scarlet robins, to enter into in-perpetuity covenants or stewardship agreements that promote the retention and protection of remnants, particularly where native mid- and ground-layers are intact and regeneration of local native trees, shrubs and ground cover plants is continuing. Site
Apply augmentation planting of missing structural layers (e.g., mid-layer wattles (Acacia spp.), shrub layer species, or coarse tussocky ground layer species), using locally indigenous species appropriate to the vegetation type predicted for replanting sites. Site
Liaise with landholders to raise awareness of the importance of retaining standing dead trees, fallen trees, coarse woody debris and logs in remnants, and place material from fallen trees and logs into rehabilitated remnants if sourced from non-remnant vegetation (e.g. developments). Site
Implement control of exotic berry-bearing trees or shrubs (e.g. sweet briar rose, hawthorn, blackberry) in woodland remnants and ensure to replace removed thickets with locally indigenous species, particularly bipinnate wattles (Acacia spp.), prickly native shrubs (e.g. Bursaria spinosa) or she-oaks (Allocasuarina spp.), as appropriate. Site
Create buffers around existing remnants and increase size of remnants by fencing out a large area surrounding existing remnants; such buffers could consist of a native grassy ground layer, with or without scattered or regenerating trees; buffers could be additionally planted with locally indigenous trees and shrubs; buffers provide additional feeding grounds for the scarlet robin, as well as providing for future colonisation of native woody species (trees and shrubs). Site
Increase and enhance native ground cover by replacing areas of exotic perennial pasture grasses (e.g. Phalaris, cocksfoot, Paspalum) or aggressive environmental weeds (e.g. African love-grass, serrated tussock) with native grass species appropriate to the vegetation type; weeds should be removed using best-practice methods as prescribed by the herbicide manufacturer; techniques for removal and replacement of ground layer species are in development and could be applied with the appropriate expert assistance. Site
Increase and enhance native ground cover by applying mosaic style patch burns, particularly in remnants with high cover of exotic annual pasture grasses (e.g., oats, ryegrass, Bromus, barley); most of the site can be burnt on a long rotation, burning up to 5% of any site per year, but unburnt refuge patches of 10% of the site should be retained. Site
Initiate a community education program with a focus on threatened woodland birds in important parts of the scarlet robin's range; actions may include to: promote the Office of Environment and Heritage Threatened Species website; develop landholder guidelines; run bird identification courses and threatened woodland bird field days, particularly to demonstrate Scarlet Robin habitat attributes at prime sites; and encourage experts to attend Landcare or other non-government organisation events, schools, agricultural shows, etc. Site

How will this species be managed?

Key management sites for this threatened species are being identified by the NSW Government and other program partners, where feasible, cost-effective and beneficial management actions can be undertaken. Currently, 4 management sites have been identified for this threatened species.

Management sites

Click on column headers to sort
Site nameSite typeStatusLocal government area (LGA)
Crookwell Reserves Priority management siteActive Upper Lachlan Shire 
Bungendore Region Travelling Stock Routes Priority management siteActive Queanbeyan-Palerang Regional 
Queanbeyan Palerang Priority management siteActive Goulburn Mulwaree, Queanbeyan-Palerang Regional, Snowy Monaro Regional 
Delegate Priority management siteActive Snowy Monaro Regional 

Are you or is someone you know doing conservation work for this species or in this area?

Contact us to tell us about the work. Your input will help OEH evaluate the status of threatened species and provide a broader picture of conservation work across NSW.