Nature conservation

Threatened species

Black Falcon (Falco subniger)

Saving our Species strategy

This species has been assigned to the Landscape species management stream under the Saving our Species (SoS) program.

Justification for allocation to this management stream

This species is distributed across relatively large areas and is subject to threatening processes that generally act at the landscape scale (e.g. habitat loss or degradation) rather than at distinct, defineable locations.

Conservation status

Management objectives

This SoS strategy aims to ensure that the species is secure in the wild in NSW and that its NSW geographic range is extended or maintained and maintain its conservation status under the BC Act.

Species sightings and management sites across NSW

The map below displays the species’ distribution in NSW, based upon the species’ geographic range, habitat distribution or area of occupancy (to as high a resolution as available data allow, using a range of data sources).

Information about the species’ habitat and ecology is available here.

The map may also display one or more management sites where management of important populations is underway. More information is available in the tables below.


The species occurs in the following IBRA (Interim Biogeographic Regionalisation for Australia) regions in NSW:

Brigalow Belt South
Cobar Peneplain
Darling Riverine Plains
Murray Darling Depression
New England Tablelands
NSW South Western Slopes
South Eastern Highlands

Proportion of the species' distribution on reserve

3% of the species' distribution occurs on reserve (within NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service estate).

Critical actions for this species

The key threats to the viability of landscape-managed species are loss, fragmentation and degradation of habitat, and widespread pervasive factors such as impacts of climate change and disease. Many of these threats are addressed by NSW planning, native vegetation, and biodiversity legislation, policy and programs including the offsets program (BioBanking, NSW Biodiversity Offsets Policy for Major Projects), Biodiversity Certification, management of environmental water and reservation under the National Parks and Wildlife Act 1974.

Threats to this species are outlined here.

The actions listed in the action toolbox are supplementary to NSW legislation, policy and programs and can be used by stakeholders, where applicable to guide management at a site, regional or state scale.

Action toolbox

Action DescriptionScale
Identify active or inactive nest sites (including old nests built by corvids) and protect these from damage or removal. Encourage the maintenance of existing habitat in the vicinity (200m radius) of nest sites. Raise awareness about the need to limit disturbance near (50m radius) active nests during the breeding season (June-September) to prevent the disruption of breeding attempts. Site
Negotiate with landholders on land with known or potential nesting habitat (i.e. large living or dead trees, particularly in riparian areas and floodplain woodlands) to enter into agreements (preferably in-perpetuity covenants or stewardship agreements) to retain and manage these areas. Site, Area
Undertake restoration and revegetation of foraging habitat (remnant woodland and native grassland) within 20km of known active nest sites to increase prey availability, facilitate efficient foraging and maximise productivity. Site
Identify areas of potential habitat that lack suitable nest sites and trial the use of artificial nest sites in order to expand the area of occupation, increase the population size, and engage the community. Increase community awareness of the black falcon through the preparation and distribution of educational material, including an identification guide. Area
Raise awareness among the agricultural community in areas where the species occurs, of the risks of using poison such as Pindone or second generation rodenticides. Recommend using suitable, less toxic alternatives to control rodents such as ‘Racumin’ (coumatetralyl). Promote the reporting of any signs of disease that are unusual or clusters of deaths of black falcons or their prey to the Environment Line (131 555). State

How will this species be managed?

Key management sites for this threatened species are being identified by the NSW Government and other program partners, where feasible, cost-effective and beneficial management actions can be undertaken. Currently, no management sites have been identified for this threatened species.

Are you or is someone you know doing conservation work for this species or in this area?

Contact us to tell us about the work. Your input will help OEH evaluate the status of threatened species and provide a broader picture of conservation work across NSW.