Nature conservation

Threatened species

Rusty Plum, Plum Boxwood - profile

Indicative distribution

   Loading map...
The areas shown in pink and/purple are the sub-regions where the species or community is known or predicted to occur. They may not occur thoughout the sub-region but may be restricted to certain areas. ( click here to see geographic restrictions). The information presented in this map is only indicative and may contain errors and omissions.
Scientific name: Niemeyera whitei
Conservation status in NSW: Vulnerable
Commonwealth status: Not listed
Profile last updated: 15 Jun 2020


The Rusty Plum is a small to medium-sized tree to 20 m high with a very fluted or irregular trunk. The young shoots have rusty hairs, and the shoots and stems exude white milky sap if cut. The leaves are alternate, 5 - 15 cm long and 2 - 5 cm wide with a firm texture and a ‘quilted’ appearance. The undersurface of the leaves is paler than the upper surface and has prominent raised veins, including 15 to 20 pairs of curved secondary veins. Creamy green flowers form in clusters of four to 15 on the stems in spring. The Rusty Plum has globular plum-like fruit, red turning black, 2 - 5 cm in diameter. The round seed inside is very shiny, with an elliptical scar on one side. Formerly known as Amorphospermum whitei


Rusty Plum occurs in the coast and adjacent ranges of northern NSW from the Macleay River into southern Queensland. Its distributional stronghold is on the mid north coast around Coffs Harbour.

Habitat and ecology

  • Found in gully, warm temperate or littoral rainforests and the adjacent understorey of moist eucalypt forest.
  • It occurs on poorer soils in areas below 600 metres above sea level.

Regional distribution and habitat

Click on a region below to view detailed distribution, habitat and vegetation information.


Recovery strategies

Activities to assist this species

Information sources

IBRA Bioregion IBRA Subregion Known or predicted Geographic restrictions region
NSW North CoastChaelundi Known None
NSW North CoastCoffs Coast and Escarpment Known None
NSW North CoastDalmorton Known None
NSW North CoastMacleay Hastings Known None
OceanTweed-Moreton Known None
South Eastern QueenslandBurringbar-Conondale Ranges Known None
South Eastern QueenslandClarence Lowlands Known None
South Eastern QueenslandClarence Sandstones Known None
South Eastern QueenslandScenic Rim Known None
South Eastern QueenslandSunshine Coast-Gold Coast Lowlands Predicted None