Nature conservation

Threatened species

Charmhaven Apple - profile

Indicative distribution

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The areas shown in pink and/purple are the sub-regions where the species or community is known or predicted to occur. They may not occur thoughout the sub-region but may be restricted to certain areas. ( click here to see geographic restrictions). The information presented in this map is only indicative and may contain errors and omissions.
Scientific name: Angophora inopina
Conservation status in NSW: Vulnerable
Commonwealth status: Vulnerable
Gazetted date: 15 May 1998
Profile last updated: 12 Jan 2021


A small to large tree, up to 8 m high, often multi-stemmed, and with persistent shortly fibrous bark throughout. Adult leaves are moderately glossy, leathery and opposite, 4 – 11 cm long. Inflorescences (groups of buds, flowers or fruits) are compound and terminal; the stalk of each group is bristly. Fruits are also bristly, vaguely ribbed, cup- or pear-shaped, usually 3-celled, 11 – 15 mm long, and 9 – 2 mm in diameter.


Endemic to the Central Coast region of NSW. The known northern limit is near Karuah where a disjunct population occurs; to the south populations extend from Toronto to Charmhaven with the main population occurring between Charmhaven and Morisset. There is an unconfirmed record of the species near Bulahdelah. Approximately 1250 ha of occupied habitat has been mapped in the Wyong–southern Lake Macquarie area.

Habitat and ecology

  • This species is a member of the A. bakeri complex, which also includes A. crassifolia, A. paludosa and A. exul. It is most similar to A. crassifolia from which it is distinguished by the broader leaves with shorter petioles. None of these related species are known from the same area as A. inopina, although A. bakeri does occur sporadically in the ranges to the west, and near Kurri Kurri.
  • Occurs most frequently in four main vegetation communities: (i) Eucalyptus haemastomaCorymbia gummiferaAngophora inopina woodland/forest; (ii) Hakea teretifoliaBanksia oblongifolia wet heath; (iii) Eucalyptus resiniferaMelaleuca sieberiAngophora inopina sedge woodland; (iv) Eucalyptus capitellataCorymbia gummiferaAngophora inopina woodland/forest.
  • Ecological knowledge about this species is limited.
  • Is lignotuberous, allowing vegetative growth to occur following disturbance. However, such vegetative reproduction may suppress the production of fruits/seeds, necessary for the recruitment of new individuals to a population, and the time between such disturbance and the onset of sexual reproduction is not known.
  • Flowering appears to take place principally between mid-December and mid-January, but is generally poor and sporadic.
  • Preliminary experiments indicate that neither pollination or seed viability are limiting factors in the life cycle.

Regional distribution and habitat

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Recovery strategies

Activities to assist this species

Information sources

IBRA Bioregion IBRA Subregion Known or predicted Geographic restrictions region
NSW North CoastKaruah Manning Known South of Wootton
NSW North CoastUpper Hunter Known Within 10 km of Wallaroo National Park
Sydney BasinHunter Known Within Singleton and Cessnock LGAs
Sydney BasinWyong Known None