Nature conservation

Threatened species

Needle-leaf Fern - profile

Indicative distribution

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The areas shown in pink and/purple are the sub-regions where the species or community is known or predicted to occur. They may not occur thoughout the sub-region but may be restricted to certain areas. ( click here to see geographic restrictions). The information presented in this map is only indicative and may contain errors and omissions.
Scientific name: Belvisia mucronata
Conservation status in NSW: Endangered
Commonwealth status: Not listed
Gazetted date: 30 Nov 2001
Profile last updated: 20 Nov 2018


This fern has an underground stem that is densely covered with dark coloured scales. Fronds are up to 45 cm long, with a 1-5 cm stem. There are two different forms of fronds; those with and those without spores. Fronds with spores have a long (10-25 cm) tail-like tip section which contains the plant's reproductive spores on the lower side.


In Australia, this species is restricted to Queensland and NSW. In NSW, it is known from only five locations on the far north coast, north from Evans Head.

Habitat and ecology

  • Forms small clumps on trees or rocks in dry rainforest or along creeks in moist open forest.
  • Occurs in low numbers at all sites.

Regional distribution and habitat

Click on a region below to view detailed distribution, habitat and vegetation information.


Recovery strategies

Activities to assist this species

Information sources

IBRA Bioregion IBRA Subregion Known or predicted Geographic restrictions region
NSW North CoastCoffs Coast and Escarpment Predicted None
OceanTweed-Moreton Known None
South Eastern QueenslandBurringbar-Conondale Ranges Known None
South Eastern QueenslandClarence Lowlands Known None
South Eastern QueenslandClarence Sandstones Known None
South Eastern QueenslandScenic Rim Known None
South Eastern QueenslandSunshine Coast-Gold Coast Lowlands Predicted None