Nature conservation

Threatened species

Cumberland Plain Woodland in the Sydney Basin Bioregion - profile

Indicative distribution

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The areas shown in pink and/purple are the sub-regions where the species or community is known or predicted to occur. They may not occur thoughout the sub-region but may be restricted to certain areas. ( click here to see geographic restrictions). The information presented in this map is only indicative and may contain errors and omissions.
Scientific name: Cumberland Plain Woodland in the Sydney Basin Bioregion
Conservation status in NSW: Critically Endangered Ecological Community
Commonwealth status: Not listed
Gazetted date: 18 Dec 2009
Profile last updated: 15 Dec 2022


The dominant canopy trees of Cumberland Plain Woodland are Grey Box (Eucalyptus moluccana) and Forest Red Gum (E. tereticornis), with Narrow-leaved Ironbark (E. crebra), Spotted Gum (Corymbia maculata) and Thin-leaved Stringybark (E. eugenioides) occurring less frequently. The shrub layer is dominated by Blackthorn (Bursaria spinosa), and it is common to find abundant grasses such as Kangaroo Grass (Themeda australis) and Weeping Meadow Grass (Microlaena stipoides var. stipoides). Contains many more species and other references should be consulted to identify these.


Occurs on soils derived from Wianamatta Shale, and throughout the driest part of the Sydney Basin. Before European settlement, was extensive across the Cumberland Plain, western Sydney. Today, only 9 percent of the original extent remains intact, with the remnants scattered widely across the Cumberland Plain. Good examples can be seen at Scheyville National Park and Mulgoa Nature Reserve.

Habitat and ecology

  • Typically occurs on heavy clay soils derived from Wianamatta Shale.
  • Well adapted to drought and fire, and the understorey plants often rely on underground tubers or profuse annual seed production to survive adverse conditions.
  • Cumberland Plain Woodland is habitat for threatened species such as the Cumberland land snail (Meridolum corneovirens).

Regional distribution and habitat

Click on a region below to view detailed distribution, habitat and vegetation information.


Recovery strategies

Activities to assist this species

Information sources

IBRA Bioregion IBRA Subregion Known or predicted Geographic restrictions region
Sydney BasinBurragorang Known Between Thirlmere and Werombi
Sydney BasinCumberland Known None
Sydney BasinSydney Cataract Predicted None
Sydney BasinWollemi Known None
Sydney BasinYengo Known None