Nature conservation

Threatened species

Small Snake Orchid - profile

Indicative distribution

   Loading map...
The areas shown in pink and/purple are the sub-regions where the species or community is known or predicted to occur. They may not occur thoughout the sub-region but may be restricted to certain areas. ( click here to see geographic restrictions). The information presented in this map is only indicative and may contain errors and omissions.
Scientific name: Diuris pedunculata
Conservation status in NSW: Endangered
Commonwealth status: Endangered
Profile last updated: 13 Dec 2018


The Small Snake Orchid is a member of the ‘Donkey’ orchid group, with bright yellow striped flowers and two drooping side petals. The flowering stem is less than 10 cm tall and has one or two flowers with dark stripes. The top petal is more orange than the rest of the flower and has a bright purple centre. The two thin leaves are up to 16cm long.


Confined to north east NSW. It was originally found scattered from Tenterfield south to the Hawkesbury River, but is now mainly found on the New England Tablelands, around Armidale, Uralla, Guyra and Ebor.

Habitat and ecology

  • The Small Snake Orchid grows on grassy slopes or flats.
  • Often on peaty soils in moist areas.
  • Also on shale and trap soils, on fine granite, and among boulders.
  • It flowers during late September-October.
  • Pollination is mostly by sexual deception, with the Small Snake-orchid attracting mostly males of an native bee Halictus lanuginosus. However, the flowers produce nectar and emit a strong scent that attracts a range of other pollinators.

Regional distribution and habitat

Click on a region below to view detailed distribution, habitat and vegetation information.


Recovery strategies

Activities to assist this species

Information sources

IBRA Bioregion IBRA Subregion Known or predicted Geographic restrictions region
New England TablelandsArmidale Plateau Predicted None
New England TablelandsBundarra Downs Predicted None
New England TablelandsDeepwater Downs Known None
New England TablelandsEastern Nandewars Known None
New England TablelandsEbor Basalts Known None
New England TablelandsGlenn Innes-Guyra Basalts Known None
New England TablelandsMoredun Volcanics Known None
New England TablelandsNortheast Forest Lands Predicted None
New England TablelandsRound Mountain Predicted None
New England TablelandsWalcha Plateau Known None
New England TablelandsYarrowyck-Kentucky Downs Known None
NSW North CoastUpper Manning Known None