Nature conservation

Threatened species

Giant Spear Lily - profile

Indicative distribution

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The areas shown in pink and/purple are the sub-regions where the species or community is known or predicted to occur. They may not occur thoughout the sub-region but may be restricted to certain areas. ( click here to see geographic restrictions). The information presented in this map is only indicative and may contain errors and omissions.
Scientific name: Doryanthes palmeri
Conservation status in NSW: Vulnerable
Commonwealth status: Not listed
Gazetted date: 06 Dec 2002
Profile last updated: 29 Aug 2018


Giant Spear Lily is a large, succulent herb which grows as a rosette. It's hairless leaves are sword–shaped, and up to 3 m long and 20 cm wide. The flowering stalk is up to 5 m high, and bears numerous much shorter leaves to 30 cm long. The flower head contains up to 350 flowers, and is up to 120 cm long. The flowers are red or reddish–brown, 6–12 cm long, and upright to slightly spreading. The fruit is egg-shaped and 7 – 9 cm long, and contains seeds that are 15–22 mm long. Flowers occur in late winter to spring.


Giant Spear Lily occurs in far north-east NSW and south-east Queensland. In NSW, it occurs on the coastal ranges that are part of the Mt Warning Caldera. Its southern distributional limit is Mount Billen. The species is currently known from eleven sites within NSW, five of which are conservation reserves. Most populations consist of only a few hundred individuals.

Habitat and ecology

  • Giant Spear Lily occurs on exposed rocky outcrops on infertile soils or on bare rock.
  • It grows in a narrow band of vegetation along the cliff-tops and on steep cliff-faces or rocky ledges in montane heath next to subtropical rainforest, warm temperate rainforest or wet eucalypt forest.

Regional distribution and habitat

Click on a region below to view detailed distribution, habitat and vegetation information.


Recovery strategies

Activities to assist this species

Information sources

IBRA Bioregion IBRA Subregion Known or predicted Geographic restrictions region
South Eastern QueenslandBurringbar-Conondale Ranges Known None
South Eastern QueenslandScenic Rim Known None
South Eastern QueenslandSunshine Coast-Gold Coast Lowlands Predicted None