Nature conservation

Threatened species

Lemon-scented Grass - profile

Indicative distribution

   Loading map...
The areas shown in pink and/purple are the sub-regions where the species or community is known or predicted to occur. They may not occur thoughout the sub-region but may be restricted to certain areas. ( click here to see geographic restrictions). The information presented in this map is only indicative and may contain errors and omissions.
Scientific name: Elionurus citreus
Conservation status in NSW: Endangered
Commonwealth status: Not listed
Gazetted date: 12 Sep 2003
Profile last updated: 29 Aug 2018


Lemon-scented Grass is a perennial tufted grass that grows to 1m high. The leaf blade is rolled inwards and is 2-3 mm wide, and often hairy on the upper surface. The leaf has a distinct lemon smell when crushed. The flower spike is 3-12 cm long, and the spikelets overlap in two rows. This grass flowers in summer.


Lemon-scented Grass occurs north from Grafton in NSW. It is only known from localities south of Casino, north-west of Grafton, near Cudgen Lake on the Tweed coast and in Yuraygir National Park. It also occurs in Queensland, NT, WA and New Guinea.

Habitat and ecology

  • Lemon-scented Grass grows in sandy soils near rivers or along the coast in wallum areas or sand dunes.
  • At the NSW locations, the species has been found growing in infertile white sands.

Regional distribution and habitat

Click on a region below to view detailed distribution, habitat and vegetation information.


Recovery strategies

Activities to assist this species

Information sources

IBRA Bioregion IBRA Subregion Known or predicted Geographic restrictions region
NSW North CoastYuraygir Known None
South Eastern QueenslandBurringbar-Conondale Ranges Known None
South Eastern QueenslandClarence Lowlands Predicted None
South Eastern QueenslandScenic Rim Predicted None
South Eastern QueenslandSunshine Coast-Gold Coast Lowlands Predicted None