Nature conservation

Threatened species

Axe-Breaker - profile

Indicative distribution

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The areas shown in pink and/purple are the sub-regions where the species or community is known or predicted to occur. They may not occur thoughout the sub-region but may be restricted to certain areas. ( click here to see geographic restrictions). The information presented in this map is only indicative and may contain errors and omissions.
Scientific name: Coatesia paniculata
Conservation status in NSW: Endangered
Commonwealth status: Not listed
Gazetted date: 10 Jun 2016
Profile last updated: 10 Dec 2020


Axe-Breaker grows from 3 to 6 m in height, and has a dense head of deep green to yellow-green foliage. As its name suggests, its timber is very hard. Its branchlets are bright green turning grey to brown, and finely wrinkled. The smooth, glossy, dark-green leaves are oval, and measure 5 – 10 cm long, are bluntly pointed at the tips, and are strongly fragrant when crushed. The leaf-stalk is about 11 mm long and deeply channelled on the upper surface. Flowers are small and white in small clusters. The dry brown fruit contain glossy black seeds. Species scientific name is now Coatesia paniculata.


Moderately common in restricted habitat in Queensland between the Brisbane River and the central Queensland coast, but very rare in north-east NSW, where it is known from the Tweed, Lismore and Wardell areas.

Habitat and ecology

  • Axe-Breaker is found in dry subtropical rainforest and vine scrub, often along rivers.

Regional distribution and habitat

Click on a region below to view detailed distribution, habitat and vegetation information.


Recovery strategies

Activities to assist this species

Information sources

IBRA Bioregion IBRA Subregion Known or predicted Geographic restrictions region
South Eastern QueenslandBurringbar-Conondale Ranges Known None
South Eastern QueenslandClarence Lowlands Known North of Iluka
South Eastern QueenslandScenic Rim Known East of Kyogle
South Eastern QueenslandSunshine Coast-Gold Coast Lowlands Predicted None