Nature conservation

Threatened species

Hunter Lowland Redgum Forest in the Sydney Basin and New South Wales North Coast Bioregions - profile

Indicative distribution

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The areas shown in pink and/purple are the sub-regions where the species or community is known or predicted to occur. They may not occur thoughout the sub-region but may be restricted to certain areas. ( click here to see geographic restrictions). The information presented in this map is only indicative and may contain errors and omissions.
Scientific name: Hunter Lowland Redgum Forest in the Sydney Basin and New South Wales North Coast Bioregions
Conservation status in NSW: Endangered Ecological Community
Commonwealth status: Not listed
Gazetted date: 13 Dec 2002
Profile last updated: 19 Dec 2018


Hunter Lowland Redgum Forest is an open forest where the most common canopy tree species are Eucalyptus tereticornis (Forest Red Gum) and E. punctata (Grey Gum). Other frequently occurring canopy species are Angophora floribunda (Rough-barked Apple), E. crebra (Narrow-leaved Ironbark), E. moluccana (Grey Box) and Corymbia maculata (Spotted Gum). The shrub layer is open and common shrub species include Breynia oblongifolia (Coffee Bush), Leucopogon juniperinus (Prickly Beard-heath), Daviesia ulicifolia (Gorse Bitter Pea) and Jacksonia scoparia (Dogwood). The ground cover typically comprises grasses and herbs with common species being Microlaena stipoides var. stipoides Forest Weeping Grass, Pratia purpurascens (Whiteroot), Lomandra multiflora (Many-flowered Mat-rush), Cymbopogon refractus (Barbed Wire Grass), Cheilanthes sieberi (Poison Rock Fern) and Dichondra repens (Kidney Weed).


Occurs between Muswellbrook, Beresfield, Mulbring and Cessnock in the Lower Hunter in the Sydney Basin and North Coast bioregions. It has been recorded from the Maitland, Cessnock, Port Stephens, Muswellbrook and Singleton LGAs, but may occur elsewhere in these bioregions. Probably less than 500 hectares of this community remains.

Habitat and ecology

  • Hunter Lowland Redgum Forest occurs on the Permian sediments of the Hunter Valley floor.
  • Much of the remaining community is disturbed and fragmented. The floristic composition and structure of the community is influenced by both the size and disturbance history of the remaining fragments. Consequently at heavily disturbed sites only some of the species which characterise the community may be present.
  • Occurs on gentle slopes of depressions and drainage flats on the Hunter Valley floor.

Regional distribution and habitat

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Recovery strategies

Activities to assist this species

Information sources

IBRA Bioregion IBRA Subregion Known or predicted Geographic restrictions region
NSW North CoastKaruah Manning Known None
NSW North CoastUpper Hunter Known None
Sydney BasinHunter Known None
Sydney BasinWyong Known None
Sydney BasinYengo Known None