Nature conservation

Threatened species

Kurri Sand Swamp Woodland in the Sydney Basin Bioregion - profile

Indicative distribution

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The areas shown in pink and/purple are the sub-regions where the species or community is known or predicted to occur. They may not occur thoughout the sub-region but may be restricted to certain areas. ( click here to see geographic restrictions). The information presented in this map is only indicative and may contain errors and omissions.
Scientific name: Kurri Sand Swamp Woodland in the Sydney Basin Bioregion
Conservation status in NSW: Endangered Ecological Community
Commonwealth status: Not listed
Gazetted date: 01 Jun 2001
Profile last updated: 07 Sep 2017


Kurri Sand Swamp Woodland is a low woodland or heathland, generally with a low open canopy rarely exceeding 15 m in height and a shrubby understorey. The overstorey is usually dominated by Eucalyptus parramattensis subsp. decadens (Parramatta Red Gum) and Angophora bakeri (Narrow-leaved Apple) while other tree species that occur less frequently include E. racemosa (Narrow-leaved Scribbly Gum), E. fibrosa (Red Ironbark), E. sp. aff. agglomerata and Corymbia gummifera (Red Bloodwood). The shrub layer is typified by Banksia spinulosa (Hairpin Banksia), Dillwynia retorta, Jacksonia scoparia (Dogwood), Hakea dactyloides (Finger Hakea), Acacia ulicifolia (Prickly Moses), Grevillea parviflora subsp. parviflora, Melaleuca nodosa (Prickly-leaved Paperbark), A. elongata (Swamp Wattle) and Lambertia formosa (Mountain Devil). The common ground species include Entolasia stricta (Wiry Panic), Ptilothris deusta, Pimelea linifolia (Slender Rice Flower), Aristida warburgii, Lomandra cylindrica (Needle Mat-rush), Lomandra glauca (Pale Mat-rush) and Anisopogon avenaceus (Oat Speargrass).


Known to occur in the Kurri Kurri–Cessnock area of the Cessnock LGA in the lower Hunter Valley, but it may occur elsewhere.

Habitat and ecology

  • Occurs on soils developed on poorly-drained Tertiary sand deposits that blanket Permian sediments.
  • The community is floristically similar to the Tomago Sand Swamp Woodland as defined by NSW NPWS (2000).
  • Plant species of conservation significance that are listed under the TSC Act occurring in the community are Eucalyptus parramattensis subsp. decadens, Acacia bynoeana and Grevillea parviflora subsp. parviflora.

Regional distribution and habitat

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Recovery strategies

Activities to assist this species

Information sources

IBRA Bioregion IBRA Subregion Known or predicted Geographic restrictions region
Sydney BasinHunter Known None