Nature conservation

Threatened species

Koala in the Pittwater Local Government Area - profile

Indicative distribution

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The areas shown in pink and/purple are the sub-regions where the species or community is known or predicted to occur. They may not occur thoughout the sub-region but may be restricted to certain areas. ( click here to see geographic restrictions). The information presented in this map is only indicative and may contain errors and omissions.
Scientific name: Phascolarctos cinereus - endangered population
Conservation status in NSW: Endangered Population
Commonwealth status: Not listed
Gazetted date: 27 Nov 1998
Profile last updated: 01 Dec 2017


An arboreal marsupial with large furry ears and a vestigial tail. Fur colour varies from pale grey in the northern parts of its range to grey-brown in the south. Size varies across its range, from an average of approximately 6.5 kg in Queensland to 12 kg in Victoria.


Has a fragmented distribution throughout eastern Australia, from north-east Queensland to the Eyre Peninsula in South Australia, extending west of the Great Dividing Range where it mostly occurs along inland rivers. The endangered population occurs within the Pittwater Local Government Area, with most recent records occurring on the Barrenjoey Peninsula.

Habitat and ecology

  • Inhabits eucalypt forests and woodlands. Habitat suitability is influenced by the: size and species of trees present, soil nutrients, climate, rainfall and the size and disturbance history of the habitat patches.
  • The Grey Gum (Eucalyptus punctata) is the most important food tree for this species in Pittwater. Other favoured food trees are the Scribbly Gum (E. haemastoma), Swamp Mahogany (E. robusta) and Snappy Gum (E. racemosa). Generally koalas can be expected to feed to a limited extent on all species of Eucalyptus, Corymbia and Angophora that they encounter in Pittwater.
  • Key likely habitats within Pittwater Council are: Swamp Mahogany Forest, ecotone between Spotted Gum Forest & Hawkesbury Sandstone Open-Forest, Northern form of Coastal Sandstone Woodland at Whale Beach, Red Bloodwood - Scribbly Gum Woodland, Bilgola Plateau Forest and the Grey Ironbark - Grey Gum form of the Newport Bangalay Woodland.
  • Most females breed towards the end of their second year with mating occurring between September and February. A single young is born after a gestation period of 35 days and remains in the pouch for six months and then remains on the mothers back until weaned after a year. Females generally produce a single young per year. Juveniles become independent after two to three years and leave to find their own home range, becoming nomadic if no suitable area is found.

Regional distribution and habitat

Click on a region below to view detailed distribution, habitat and vegetation information.


Recovery strategies

Activities to assist this species

Information sources

IBRA Bioregion IBRA Subregion Known or predicted Geographic restrictions region
OceanHawkesbury Shelf Known None
Sydney BasinPittwater Known Pittwater LGA