Nature conservation

Threatened species

Wollemi Pine - profile

Indicative distribution

   Loading map...
The areas shown in pink and/purple are the sub-regions where the species or community is known or predicted to occur. They may not occur thoughout the sub-region but may be restricted to certain areas. ( click here to see geographic restrictions). The information presented in this map is only indicative and may contain errors and omissions.
Scientific name: Wollemia nobilis
Conservation status in NSW: Critically Endangered
Commonwealth status: Critically Endangered
Gazetted date: 02 Oct 2015
Profile last updated: 21 Aug 2019


A tree that grows up to 40 m tall and is often multi-stemmed at the base. The crown is slender and column like. On younger stems the bark is thin and fragile and peels off in scales and in older trees becomes densely covered with soft and spongy nodules. Branches are arranged in successive whorls from the main stem. The side branches terminate in a male or female cone. Adult vertically growing branches have a helical arrangement of leaves which are 3-10mm long and 2-4mm wide. These leaves are narrowly triangular and taper to a sharp point at the tip. The leaves on juvenile and lower canopy lateral shoots are twisted and arranged in two opposite ranks. Seeds are flat, brown and papery with a single wing surrounding the seed. Seeds are 7-11mm long and 5-9mm wide.


Restricted to remote canyons in the Wollemi National Park, north-west of Sydney.

Habitat and ecology

  • Little is known about the ecology of this recently-discovered species; ecological research is currently ongoing.
  • Occurs in warm temperate rainforest and rain forest margins in remote sandstone canyons.
  • Seed is persistent in the canopy and most probably matures in autumn.The seed cones take 16 to 19 months to mature.
  • Seeds are light and winged and most probably dispersed by wind.
  • The Wollemi Pine is a long lived tree with a coppicing habit, making it difficult to distinguish individuals.


Recovery strategies

Activities to assist this species

Information sources

IBRA Bioregion IBRA Subregion Known or predicted Geographic restrictions region