Nature conservation

Threatened species

Banksia conferta subsp. conferta - profile

Indicative distribution

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The areas shown in pink and/purple are the sub-regions where the species or community is known or predicted to occur. They may not occur thoughout the sub-region but may be restricted to certain areas. ( click here to see geographic restrictions). The information presented in this map is only indicative and may contain errors and omissions.
Scientific name: Banksia conferta subsp. conferta
Conservation status in NSW: Critically Endangered
Commonwealth status: Not listed
Gazetted date: 10 Aug 2007
Profile last updated: 24 Jul 2019


Banksia conferta subsp. conferta is a shrub growing to 4 m, irregular in shape, with bark roughly tessellated and grey in colour. Branchlets can be hairy to hairless and varying in colour from orange to red or brown. The leaves are whorled, elliptic to oval shaped, 3.5-12 cm long by 0.7-4 cm wide, with coarse short hairs on the upper surface and hairy to smooth on the lower surface. The flower clusters are cylindrical, 7-19 cm long and 5-6 cm wide at flowering. Individual flowers are yellowish-green to pinkish-brown in bud and golden when open, the styles are pale yellow and the old flowers may persist for several years. The seeds are egg-shaped 14-17 mm long; the seed body is crescent shaped, 8-9 mm long, 2-3.5 mm wide and smooth.


In NSW, Banksia conferta subsp. conferta has a highly restricted geographic distribution. It is currently known only from a number of populations occupying about 23 ha in a small area of Coorabakh National Park, north west of Lansdowne on the Mid North Coast. Banksia conferta subsp. conferta is also known from the Lamington Plateau and the Glass House Mountains in Queensland, more than 400 km to the north.

Habitat and ecology

  • Detailed survey of the Coorabakh National Park population in 2009 estimated a total population of about 5,000 to 10,000 individuals with about 65% being mature plants,30% immature and 5% seedlings.
  • Adult plants are single-stemmed and likely to be killed by fire. Seeds are held within woody cones, and are mostly released after fire. Regeneration mainly occurs from canopy-stored seed released after fire although evidence based on population structure and fire history suggests that some seed leakage and regeneration can occur without fire.
  • Extreme fluctuations in population size may occur depending on the time between fires and establishment success of seedlings. Because of this populations are susceptible to declines or extinctions when fires recur at very short or very long intervals.
  • Banksia conferta subsp. conferta is found on exposed rocky slopes in well-drained skeletal soil derived from high-quartz conglomerate or occasionally trachyte. It occurs in comparatively low open forest with a dry sclerophyll understorey.

Regional distribution and habitat

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Recovery strategies

Activities to assist this species

Information sources

IBRA Bioregion IBRA Subregion Known or predicted Geographic restrictions region
NSW North CoastComboyne Plateau Known South and east of the Wauchope to Wingham Road
NSW North CoastMacleay Hastings Known West of the Pacific Highway, south of Oxley Highway and south and east of the Wauchope to Wingham Road
Other StateQLD Known None