Nature conservation

Threatened species

Central Hunter Ironbark—Spotted Gum—Grey Box Forest in the New South Wales North Coast and Sydney Basin Bioregions - profile

Indicative distribution

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The areas shown in pink and/purple are the sub-regions where the species or community is known or predicted to occur. They may not occur thoughout the sub-region but may be restricted to certain areas. ( click here to see geographic restrictions). The information presented in this map is only indicative and may contain errors and omissions.
Scientific name: Central Hunter Ironbark—Spotted Gum—Grey Box Forest in the New South Wales North Coast and Sydney Basin Bioregions
Conservation status in NSW: Endangered Ecological Community
Commonwealth status: Critically Endangered
Gazetted date: 12 Feb 2010
Profile last updated: 19 Oct 2017


Central Hunter Ironbark-Spotted Gum-Grey Box Forest typically forms an open forest or woodland dominated by Narrow-leaved Ironbark (Eucalyptus crebra), Spotted Gum (Corymbia maculata) and Grey Box (Eucalyptus moluccana). Other tree species such as Red Ironbark (Eucalyptus fibrosa) and Forest Red Gum (Eucalyptus tereticornis) may be present, and occasionally dominate or co-dominate. A sparse layer of small trees including Bulloak (Allocasuarina luehmannii) or Silver-stemmed Wattle (Acacia parvipinnula) may be present in some areas. The shrub layer varies from sparse to moderately dense. Common shrub species include Gorse Bitter Pea (Daviesia ulicifolia subsp. ulicifolia), Grey Bush-pea (Pultenaea spinosa), Coffee Bush (Breynia oblongifolia), Needlebush (Hakea sericea) and Blackthorn (Bursaria spinosa subsp. spinosa). Ground cover can be sparse to moderately dense and consists of numerous forbs, a few grass species and occasional ferns and sedges. Common species include Poison Rock Fern (Cheilanthes sieberi subsp. sieberi), Barbed Wire Grass (Cymbopogon refractus), Whiteroot (Pratia purpurascens), Many-flowered Mat-rush (Lomandra multiflora subsp. multiflora), Pomax umbellata, Glycine tabacina, Blue Flax-lily (Dianella revoluta), Slender Wire Lily (Laxmannia gracilis), Vernonia cinerea var. cinerea, Slender Tick-trefoil (Desmodium varians) and Kidney Weed (Dichondra repens).


Central Hunter Ironbark-Spotted Gum-Grey Box Forest occurs in the central Hunter Valley mainly between Maitland and Muswellbrook. It has been recorded from Singleton, Cessnock and Muswellbrook LGAs but may occur elsewhere within the North Coast and Sydney Basin Bioregions.

Habitat and ecology

  • Central Hunter Ironbark-Spotted Gum-Grey Box Forest occupies undulating country including low rises and slopes, occurring on all aspects. It may also occur on alluvial and colluvial soils in valleys.
  • It mostly occurs on clayey soils found on Permian sediments.

Regional distribution and habitat

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Recovery strategies

Activities to assist this species

Information sources

IBRA Bioregion IBRA Subregion Known or predicted Geographic restrictions region
NSW North CoastEllerston Known None
NSW North CoastUpper Hunter Known None
Sydney BasinHunter Known None
Sydney BasinYengo Known None