Nature conservation

Threatened species

Caladenia montana - profile

Indicative distribution

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The areas shown in pink and/purple are the sub-regions where the species or community is known or predicted to occur. They may not occur thoughout the sub-region but may be restricted to certain areas. ( click here to see geographic restrictions). The information presented in this map is only indicative and may contain errors and omissions.
Scientific name: Caladenia montana
Conservation status in NSW: Vulnerable
Commonwealth status: Not listed
Gazetted date: 05 Aug 2016
Profile last updated: 16 Aug 2018


Caladenia montana is a terrestrial orchid with a leaf 80–120 mm long and 8–12 mm wide. The flower stem is 100–250 mm tall, with one flower which is 40–60 mm across, greenish cream or cream, sometimes with reddish markings. The sepals have thickened club-like tips that are dark red or brownish and 8–15 mm long. The labellum is 10–12 mm long by 7–9 mm wide, mostly maroon, with a paler base and margins with 6–8 pairs of red teeth to 1.5 mm long.


Caladenia montana is restricted to high montane areas 700–1000 m a.s.l. where it grows in well-drained loam on slopes and ridges of montane forest among an understorey of shrubs. The species occurs in mainly in the east alps section of the Alpine National Park in Victoria. There are records in the ACT and adjacent areas in NSW, but these are now referred to Caladenia fitzgeraldii. Caladenia montana may occur in southern Kosciuszko National Park adjacent to Victoria.  

Habitat and ecology

  • Flowering occurs from October to January. Flowers are pollinated by a wasp from the genus Phymatothynnus
  • In Victoria the species generally found after fires.

Regional distribution and habitat

Click on a region below to view detailed distribution, habitat and vegetation information.


Recovery strategies

Activities to assist this species

IBRA Bioregion IBRA Subregion Known or predicted Geographic restrictions region
Australian AlpsSnowy Mountains Predicted None
South Eastern HighlandsBondo Predicted None