Nature conservation

Threatened species

Coxen's Fig-Parrot - profile

Indicative distribution

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The areas shown in pink and/purple are the sub-regions where the species or community is known or predicted to occur. They may not occur thoughout the sub-region but may be restricted to certain areas. ( click here to see geographic restrictions). The information presented in this map is only indicative and may contain errors and omissions.
Scientific name: Cyclopsitta diophthalma coxeni
Conservation status in NSW: Critically Endangered
Commonwealth status: Endangered
Gazetted date: 31 Jul 2009
Profile last updated: 13 Jun 2019


Double-eyed Fig-Parrots, also known as Coxen’s Fig-Parrots, are small, dumpy, green parrots with very short tails. The wings are blue-edged and appear to be set well back in flight. At rest there are two obvious red spots on the back. The head has distinctive red and blue markings with a prominent blue forehead in the adults. They can distinguished from small lorikeets by their short tail and lack of underwing colour.


Limited to about five populations scattered between Bundaberg in Queensland and the Hastings River in NSW. The total number is thought to be less than 200 birds which makes it one of Australia’s most endangered birds.

Habitat and ecology

  • Usually recorded from drier rainforests and adjacent wetter eucalypt forest but rarely seen due to its small size and cryptic habits. Also found in the wetter lowland rainforests that are now largely cleared in NSW.
  • The bird shows a decided preference for fig trees, but also feeds on other fruiting rainforest species, lichen, nectar and grubs.

Regional distribution and habitat

Click on a region below to view detailed distribution, habitat and vegetation information.


Recovery strategies

Activities to assist this species

Information sources

IBRA Bioregion IBRA Subregion Known or predicted Geographic restrictions region
NSW North CoastCataract Predicted None
Other StateQLD Known None
South Eastern QueenslandBurringbar-Conondale Ranges Known None
South Eastern QueenslandScenic Rim Known None
South Eastern QueenslandSunshine Coast-Gold Coast Lowlands Predicted None
South Eastern QueenslandWoodenbong Known None