Nature conservation

Threatened species

Camden White Gum - profile

Indicative distribution

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The areas shown in pink and/purple are the sub-regions where the species or community is known or predicted to occur. They may not occur thoughout the sub-region but may be restricted to certain areas. ( click here to see geographic restrictions). The information presented in this map is only indicative and may contain errors and omissions.
Scientific name: Eucalyptus benthamii
Conservation status in NSW: Vulnerable
Commonwealth status: Vulnerable
Profile last updated: 26 Jul 2019


A tall tree to 40 m high with smooth, white bark and numerous long, loose bark ribbons, and a persistent, flaky bark stocking at the base. Immature leaves are rounded, adult leaves are long, lanceolate in shape with irregular lateral venation and evenly coloured on both sides. White flowers occur in summer and autumn, although buds and sporadic flowering occurs throughout the year. Capsules are small and usually bell-shaped.


Occurs on the alluvial flats of the Nepean River and its tributaries. There are two major subpopulations: in the Kedumba Valley of the Blue Mountains National Park and at Bents Basin State Recreation Area. Several trees are scattered along the Nepean River around Camden and Cobbitty, with a further stand at Werriberri (Monkey) Creek in The Oaks. At least five trees occur on the Nattai River in Nattai National Park. Large areas of habitat were inundated by the formation of Warragamba Dam in 1933.

Habitat and ecology

  • Requires a combination of deep alluvial sands and a flooding regime that permits seedling establishment. Recruitment of juveniles appears to be most successful on bare silt deposits in rivers and streams.
  • The recorded elevation range for the species is from 30m ASL at Bents Basin to 750m ASL in the Kedumba population. Most of the individuals are around 60 to 300m ASL.
  • Occurs in open forest. Associated species at the Bents Basin site include Eucalyptus elata, E. bauerina, E. amplifolia, E. deanei and Angophora subvelutina. Understorey species include Bursaria spinosa, Pteridium esculentum and a wide variety of agricultural weeds. The Kedumba Valley site lists E. crebra, E. deanei, E. punctata, Leptospermum flavescens, Acacia filicifolia and Pteridium esculentum among its associated species.

Regional distribution and habitat

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Recovery strategies

Activities to assist this species

Information sources

IBRA Bioregion IBRA Subregion Known or predicted Geographic restrictions region
Sydney BasinBurragorang Known None
Sydney BasinCumberland Known None
Sydney BasinWollemi Predicted None