Nature conservation

Threatened species

Tangled Bedstraw - profile

Indicative distribution

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The areas shown in pink and/purple are the sub-regions where the species or community is known or predicted to occur. They may not occur thoughout the sub-region but may be restricted to certain areas. ( click here to see geographic restrictions). The information presented in this map is only indicative and may contain errors and omissions.
Scientific name: Galium australe
Conservation status in NSW: Endangered
Commonwealth status: Not listed
Gazetted date: 17 Dec 2004
Profile last updated: 21 Sep 2021


Tangled Bedstraw is a straggling and inter-twining herb with weak, hairy stems to 60 cm long. The leaves are in whorls of four; each is up to 12 mm long by 4 mm wide. One to seven small (about 2 mm long) white flowers occur on stalks to 12 mm long. Fruits are about 1.5 mm long with numerous hooked hairs.


Tangled Bedstraw is widespread in Victoria and Tasmania and is also found in South Australia (and ACT Territory in Jervis Bay). Following a taxonomic revision, many recent records in NSW have been re-determined as other species. Tangled Bedstraw has been recorded historically in the Nowra (Colymea) and Narooma areas and is extant in Nadgee Nature Reserve, south of Eden. Records in the Sydney area are yet to be confirmed.

Habitat and ecology

  • Most flowering collections have been made in late spring to early autumn.
  • In NSW (and ACT Territory in Jervis Bay), Tangled Bedstraw has been recorded in Turpentine forest and coastal Acacia shrubland.
  • In other States the species is found in a range of near-coastal habitats, including sand dunes, sand spits, shrubland and woodland.

Regional distribution and habitat

Click on a region below to view detailed distribution, habitat and vegetation information.


Recovery strategies

Activities to assist this species

Information sources

IBRA Bioregion IBRA Subregion Known or predicted Geographic restrictions region
NSW North CoastComboyne Plateau Predicted None
NSW North CoastMacleay Hastings Known None
OceanTwofold Shelf Known None
Other StateJervis Bay Territory Known None
Other StateSA Known None
South East CornerBateman Known None
South East CornerSouth East Coastal Ranges Known None
South Eastern HighlandsBungonia Known East of Shoalhaven River
South Eastern HighlandsKybeyan-Gourock Predicted None
Sydney BasinCumberland Known None
Sydney BasinEttrema Known Areas not on hawkesbury sandstone
Sydney BasinJervis Known None
Sydney BasinPittwater Known None