Nature conservation

Threatened species

Terek Sandpiper - profile

Indicative distribution


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Key:
known
predicted
The areas shown in pink and/purple are the sub-regions where the species or community is known or predicted to occur. They may not occur thoughout the sub-region but may be restricted to certain areas. ( click here to see geographic restrictions). The information presented in this map is only indicative and may contain errors and omissions.
Scientific name: Xenus cinereus
Conservation status in NSW: Vulnerable
Commonwealth status: Not listed
Profile last updated: 27 Mar 2019

Description

The Terek Sandpiper is a medium-sized wader. Individuals are greyish-brown above and white below, with some white on the outer tail feathers and a noticeable white bar on the tips of the secondaries. The species may be distinguished from other waders by its long, slender, upturned black bill, which is dull orange at the base, and by its orange legs and feet.

Distribution

A rare migrant to the eastern and southern Australian coasts, being most common in northern Australia, and extending its distribution south to the NSW coast in the east. The two main sites for the species in NSW are the Richmond River estuary and the Hunter River estuary. The latter has been identified as nationally and internationally important for the species.

Habitat and ecology

  • In Australia, has been recorded on coastal mudflats, lagoons, creeks and estuaries.
  • Favours mudbanks and sandbanks located near mangroves, but may also be observed on rocky pools and reefs, and occasionally up to 10 km inland around brackish pools.
  • Generally roosts communally amongst mangroves or dead trees, often with related wader species.
  • Breaks up into smaller flocks or even solitary birds when feeding in open intertidal mudflats.
  • The diet includes worms, crabs and other crustaceans, small shellfish and the adults and larvae of various flies, beetles and water-bugs.
  • Feeding is undertaken by moving rapidly and erratically over soft, wet mud, pecking or probing at the surface.

Regional distribution and habitat

Click on a region below to view detailed distribution, habitat and vegetation information.


Threats

Recovery strategies

Activities to assist this species

Information sources

IBRA Bioregion IBRA Subregion Known or predicted Geographic restrictions region
NSW North CoastCoffs Coast and Escarpment Predicted Tidal influenced water bodies within 15 km of coast
NSW North CoastKaruah Manning Known None
NSW North CoastMacleay Hastings Known Tidal influenced water bodies within 15 km of coast
NSW North CoastYuraygir Known Tidal influenced water bodies within 15 km of coast
OceanBatemans Shelf Known None
OceanHawkesbury Shelf Known None
OceanManning Shelf Predicted None
OceanSouth Pacific Ocean Predicted None
OceanTweed-Moreton Known None
OceanTwofold Shelf Predicted None
Ocean - Other StateNorthern Australian Coastal Waters Known None
Ocean - Other StateSouthern Australian Coastal Waters Known None
Other StateQLD Known None
Other StateSA Known None
Other StateVIC Known None
South East CornerBateman Known None
South Eastern QueenslandBurringbar-Conondale Ranges Known Tidal influenced water bodies within 15 km of coast
South Eastern QueenslandClarence Lowlands Known Tidal influenced water bodies within 15 km of coast
South Eastern QueenslandScenic Rim Predicted Tidal influenced water bodies within 15 km of coast
South Eastern QueenslandSunshine Coast-Gold Coast Lowlands Known Tidal influenced water bodies within 15 km of coast
Sydney BasinHunter Known None
Sydney BasinIllawarra Known None
Sydney BasinJervis Known None
Sydney BasinPittwater Known None
Sydney BasinWyong Known None