Nature conservation

Threatened species

Western Barred Bandicoot (mainland) - profile

Indicative distribution


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Key:
known
predicted
The areas shown in pink and/purple are the sub-regions where the species or community is known or predicted to occur. They may not occur thoughout the sub-region but may be restricted to certain areas. ( click here to see geographic restrictions). The information presented in this map is only indicative and may contain errors and omissions.
Scientific name: Perameles bougainville fasciata
Conservation status in NSW: Presumed Extinct
Commonwealth status: Extinct
Profile last updated: 05 Aug 2019

Description

The Western Barred Bandicoot (Perameles bougainville), also known as the Marl, is a small species of Bandicoot found in Australia. The Western Barred Bandicoot was a lightly built, graceful Bandicoot. The species had two or three alternating light and dark bars on its rump. The Western Australian form had a dark patch on the rump and bars that were less distinct than the South Australian form. The area between the bars was pale fawn. Both the above forms were white to grey on the underside and feet. The general colour of the body was a brownish-grey. The large ears were broad at the base and tapered towards the tips. They were thin, membranous and held erect. The tail was dark above, finely tapered and covered with fine hairs.

Distribution

The Western Barred Bandicoot formerly occurred over much of southern Australia in arid and semi-arid areas. It was once widespread across southern Australia from West Australia to central New South Wales, but it is now only found on Bernier, Dorre and Faure islands in Shark Bay, Western Australia and in captive populations on the mainland including at Barna Mia in Dryandra Woodland.

This species is currently being re-introduced to nearby mainland areas of Western Australia, where predators such as the Red Fox are the subject of control programs. It has also been successfully reintroduced into the Arid Recovery Reserve at Roxby Downs in South Australia.

Habitat and ecology

  • The Western Barred Bandicoot formerly inhabited a variety of landscapes and vegetation types. These included the saltbush covered Nullarbor Plain, sand ridges with woodlands, bluebush plains, desert Acacia, shrublands and heath.
  • The Western Barred Bandicoot appeared to be omnivorous, eating insects, seeds, roots, herbs and small animals. It was also a proficient mouse catcher.
  • A well camouflaged nest was reportedly constructed from grasses and other vegetation in a hollow dug under a low shrub.
  • The Western Barred Bandicoot appeared to be mainly nocturnal, usually emerging at dusk, although it was occasionally seen during the day.
  • Little is known of the breeding habits of the Western Barred Bandicoot. The species had a backwards opening pouch, with eight teats. The most common litter size was two, although one and three were also recorded. The South Australian populations were reported to breed from May to June.


Threats

Recovery strategies

Activities to assist this species

IBRA Bioregion IBRA Subregion Known or predicted Geographic restrictions region