Nature conservation

Threatened species

Carex Sedgeland of the New England Tableland, Nandewar, Brigalow Belt South and NSW North Coast Bioregions - profile

Indicative distribution

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The areas shown in pink and/purple are the sub-regions where the species or community is known or predicted to occur. They may not occur thoughout the sub-region but may be restricted to certain areas. ( click here to see geographic restrictions). The information presented in this map is only indicative and may contain errors and omissions.
Scientific name: Carex Sedgeland of the New England Tableland, Nandewar, Brigalow Belt South and NSW North Coast Bioregions
Conservation status in NSW: Endangered Ecological Community
Commonwealth status: Not listed
Gazetted date: 15 Apr 2011
Profile last updated: 21 Mar 2022


Carex Sedgelands are fens dominated by sedges, grasses and semi-aquatic herbs. Dominant species are Carex appressa, Stellaria angustifolia, Scirpus polystachyus, Carex gaudichaudiana, Carex sp. Bendemeer, Carex tereticaulis and Isachne globosa, either as single species or in combinations. Carex Sedgeland falls within the general formation of montane bogs and fens of Beadle (1981) and Keith (2004). Carex Sedgelands include the fen communities C1 Carex appressaStellaria angustifolia, C2 Carex appressa, C3 Scirpus polystachyusCarex appressa, C4 Carex tereticaulis, C5 Carex gaudichaudianaIsachne globosa, and Carex sp. Bendemeer–Carex gaudichaudiana of Hunter and Bell (2009), as well as Sedge Fens of impeded drainage of the Nandewar and New England Tablelands Bioregion (ID 582) described by Benson et al. (2010). A comprehensive list of species that characterise the ecological community can be found in the NSW Scientific Committee Final Determination.


Carex Sedgelands are mostly found at higher altitude on tablelands but extend onto the slopes. The community has been recorded from the local government areas of Armidale Dumaresq, Warrumbungle, Glen Innes Severn, Guyra, Gwydir, Inverell, Liverpool Plains, Tamworth Regional, Uralla and Walcha. The community occupies an estimated extent of 5000 hectares, which is estimated to be a 50% decline in extent since European settlement. Less than 100 hectares is currently represented in conservation reserves in NSW.

Habitat and ecology

  • Carex Sedgelands mainly occur in drainage depressions in valley floors, frost hollows, and undulating terrain between 440 and 1360 m in altitude.
  • Occur on a variety of lithologies including granite, basalt, metasediments, acid volcanics, sandstone and Aeolian sands.
  • Occur as a part of a mosaic of native vegetation communities including swamps, bogs, wetlands, grasslands, and sclerophyll forests.
  • Many patches are small (< 0.1 hectare) but some are as large as 32.5 hectares.
  • The community is known to contain the endangered species Lysimachia vulgaris var. davurica.
  • Carex Sedgelands often grade into dense Swamp Foxtail tussock grassland.

Regional distribution and habitat

Click on a region below to view detailed distribution, habitat and vegetation information.


Recovery strategies

Activities to assist this species

Information sources

IBRA Bioregion IBRA Subregion Known or predicted Geographic restrictions region
Brigalow Belt SouthPilliga Known North of Coonabarabran and South of Bugaldie
New England TablelandsArmidale Plateau Predicted None
New England TablelandsBundarra Downs Predicted None
New England TablelandsDeepwater Downs Predicted None
New England TablelandsEastern Nandewars Known None
New England TablelandsEbor Basalts Known None
New England TablelandsGlenn Innes-Guyra Basalts Known None
New England TablelandsMoredun Volcanics Known None
New England TablelandsNightcap Predicted None
New England TablelandsNortheast Forest Lands Known None
New England TablelandsRound Mountain Known None
New England TablelandsStanthorpe Plateau Known None
New England TablelandsTenterfield Plateau Known None
New England TablelandsTingha Plateau Known None
New England TablelandsWalcha Plateau Known None
New England TablelandsWongwibinda Plateau Known None
New England TablelandsYarrowyck-Kentucky Downs Known None
NSW North CoastBarrington Predicted None
NSW North CoastCarrai Plateau Known None
NSW North CoastCataract Known None
NSW North CoastUpper Manning Known None