Purchasing land with priority koala habitat

The NSW Government has allocated funding to purchase properties in New South Wales with priority koala habitat for management and conservation within the national parks system.

Koala (Phascolarctos cinereus) eating fresh eucalypt leavesKoala populations across New South Wales are under increasing pressure and are declining despite a wide range of conservation initiatives, including protections through legislation, recovery programs and various community efforts.

This land purchase initiative will assist in the long-term conservation of the koala.

How much money is available to purchase land for koalas?

The NSW Government has allocated $20 million to purchase and permanently conserve land in the national parks system that contains priority koala habitat.

Expressions of Interest open for koala land purchase

The NSW Government is seeking Expressions of Interest (EOI) from landowners to sell land to the Office of Environment and Heritage which has priority koala habitat.

The project is part of the NSW Koala Strategy and is supported by funding from the NSW Environmental Trust.

We are seeking land with high value koala habitat in the Far North East (PDF 529KB), Port Macquarie (PDF 784KB), Port Stephens (PDF 861KB) and the Southern Highlands (PDF 829KB) areas.

These 4 areas were identified using the best available science and in close consultation with key koala conservation experts. They were further refined into Koala Priority Localities – areas where we are most likely to find land for potential purchase which would be valuable in securing the viability of key koala populations. These koala priority localities will be used to prioritise land purchase offers. The koala priority localities are based on existing National Parks and Wildlife Service reserves forming the core areas for koala land purchases to build on and link with.


Koala priority localities

The criteria used to determine the koala priority localities include:

  • clusters of koala hubs which are site-based areas that contain multi-generational resident koala populations
  • proximity to existing reserves
  • areas with key wildlife and climate change corridors
  • land that satisfies the wider considerations of the koala land purchase program.



The EOI process will run for an initial period of 6 weeks from Monday October 22 2018 to 6 December 2018.

What is priority koala habitat?

Office of Environment and Heritage is currently analysing the best available information on koalas to identify the areas within the NSW landscape which are most strategic for koala conservation.

As a generalisation, for a property to be considered a high priority for purchase for koalas, it may contain koala habitat, evidence of use by koalas, be well-connected to surrounding vegetation or enable better management of threats to koalas in that location. In addition, the property must also be suitable for addition within the national parks system.

No, selling land to OEH, whether it is leasehold or freehold, is always a voluntary process.

Office of Environment and Heritage does not compulsorily acquire private land for the national parks system and there is absolutely no obligation to sell land containing koala habitat.

There are other options to protect conservation values without selling the land to OEH. These are through the Biodiversity Conservation Trust's private land conservation initiatives that can be found on the NSW Biodiversity Conservation Trust website.

As a landholder (titleholder), you can lodge an expression of interest asking OEH to consider your land for a potential purchase.

Please be assured an expression of interest does not obligate you to anything.

You can lodge an expression of interest by contacting the Reserve Establishment Team by:

Your expression of interest or offer should include the following information:

  • your best contact details (at least an address and contact number or email)
  • the location and description of the land (Lot and DP) or a map
  • an asking price for land (if known)
  • any conditions associated with the offer of sale (if applicable)
  • why you think your land is important for koalas.

An expression of interest should not in any way influence your personal or business undertakings.

Yes, OEH will also be looking for land which is available for sale on the open market which may have priority koala habitat.

In addition to this and the expression of interest process, OEH may also approach landowners directly seeking their interest in selling land to OEH.

Office of Environment and Heritage will only make direct approaches to landowners where the land is understood to:

  • have priority koala habitat
  • be affordable in the context of the available funding for land purchases
  • be suitable for addition to the national parks system.

Yes, community groups and other interested stakeholders can propose lands they feel may have priority koala habitat.

Office of Environment and Heritage will consider these proposals in the context of identified priority koala habitat information, the proposal’s likely affordability and the proposal’s suitability for addition to the national parks system.

OEH is collecting information on koala presence, persistence and habitat. This information will be used to help OEH analyse and identify the most strategic areas for koala conservation. It will also guide OEH on areas that are suitable for purchase and addition to the national parks system.

Criteria for considering a property include:

  • presence of koala habitat
  • evidence of use by koalas
  • good connection to surrounding native vegetation
  • that reservation would improve the management of threats to koalas in that location.

Not all land identified as having high koala values will be suitable for addition to the national parks system. In addition to the above criteria, OEH will assess whether the land is suitable from a general conservation and management perspective. These criteria include:

  • the property’s proximity to existing national parks
  • specific management requirements and whether OEH has the capacity to manage the property
  • other natural and cultural values
  • value for money
  • competing land use interest such as potential for mineral resources and timber harvesting
  • the social and economic impacts of reserving the land.

For each property offered, OEH will first complete a desktop assessment of the land to determine its values and whether they align with the koala and other national park criteria.

If the desktop assessment indicates that there are insufficient values, OEH will decline the offer.

If the desktop assessment indicates that the property appears to hold values of interest to OEH, then OEH will arrange to visit the property and fully assess the values.

If the full assessment determines the property holds a significant conservation value, OEH will determine its suitability for reservation and determine whether to proceed with the acquisition process or decline the land offer.

When OEH identifies land as being suitable for purchase and the land is available for sale, consent to purchase the land will be sought from the Minister for the Environment.

The steps OEH takes in purchasing the land are generally as follows.

  1. Office of Environment and Heritage will contract an independent market valuation.

    The valuation will be prepared by a registered valuer and will consider the condition of the land, improvements, highest and best use of the land, and an analysis of comparable market sales and demand.

    There are three things about the market valuation you should be aware of:

    • a market valuation is not the same as the Notice of Valuation prepared by the Valuer General (that is a land valuation assessed en masse for council rating purposes)
    • the valuation process does not place a special monetary value on environmental attributes, such as the presence or absence of koalas
    • OEH will not make its valuation report available to you.
  2. Office of Environment and Heritage will make a formal offer in writing based on the property’s market value.
  3. You decide whether to accept or reject the OEH land purchase offer or whether anything else needs to be discussed.
  4. Once everyone is in agreement, a Contract for Sale is prepared by the seller’s solicitor or conveyancer and is exchanged.

If OEH agrees to purchase your land, all effort will be made to finalise the purchase as soon as possible.

If insufficient funding is available in one financial year of the initiative, the purchase may need to be completed in the following financial year.

Yes, although OEH will consider the purchase of part of a property or lot on a case-by-case basis.

To subdivide a lot or property, you may require the consent of council. An application for subdivision may be refused through that process.

You would be responsible for meeting the costs associated with subdivision.

The subdivision must be surveyed prior to the sale of any portion of the property. You should consult the Dividing Fences Act 1991 to see if fencing or other means are required to properly identify boundaries. If required, it would be your responsibility to fence out subdivisions prior to the sale of the whole or part of the property.

There may be a variety of reasons why this is the case. Some reasons may be that:

  • funding may be already allocated to purchasing lands in identified strategic locations
  • while your property may have koala habitat, it may not be the highest priority relative to other habitats and regions
  • your property may not be the most suitable for addition to the national parks system.

General information on the land acquisition process can be found on the OEH Acquiring land for conservation reserves webpage.