Level 3 management actions should not be carried out with the aim of killing or harming flying-foxes.
They should be considered a last resort in managing flying-fox camps because the outcomes of dispersal can't be predicted with any certainty.
Plans for disturbance or dispersal actions should be developed as part of a camp management plan using the camp management plan template (DOC 355KB). You may need a licence.
This page gives more information about camp disturbance or dispersal and should be read in conjunction with the Flying-fox Camp Management Code of Practice 2018 and Flying-fox Camp Management Policy 2015 (PDF 200KB).
What should I consider before implementing Level 3 management actions?
Dispersal approaches are very costly, require ongoing commitment and maintenance, are often not successful and rarely result in desirable outcomes for all stakeholders.
Dispersal involves stress for flying-foxes, and may lead to increased human health risk, nuisance issues, or human/flying-fox conflict at other sites or in neighbouring local government areas.
Dispersal of flying-foxes doesn't have a certain outcome - uncertainty comes in many forms, for example:
- Will the dispersal be permanent, or will flying-foxes return to the camp once the source of disturbance stops?
- Will the dispersed animals move to another established camp, or will they establish new camps nearby?
- Will any new camps resulting from dispersal occur in areas far from or close to human settlements such as schools, hospitals or residential areas?
- Will the authority conducting the dispersal be held responsible for the establishment of new camps in other jurisdictions?
- Will costs run according to budget, or will ongoing management and other complications result in budget overruns?
- Will the community be supportive of the dispersal, or will conflicting views result in difficult community interactions?
- Will the dispersal have minimal impact on the welfare and health of flying-foxes, or will it result in flying-foxes spreading out across the landscape and thus increasing the potential for close contact and increased conflict between flying-foxes and humans?
A review of past flying-fox dispersal attempts in Australia (PDF 533KB) documents the difficulty and the low success rate of dispersal attempts.